Understanding
Your Alcat Test Results
Optimal Wellness Through Customized Nutrition
2 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Today in the industrialized world, we face
vastly dierent threats to our health and well-
being as compared to threats imposed on our
grandparents and those who came before us. In
past years, infection was the greatest cause of
death. Today it is cancer, heart disease, diabetes
and other degenerative, chronic diseases
associated with aging.
Recent scientic discoveries have revealed
increasingly deeper levels of understanding of how
food interacts with the immune system aecting
metabolism in ways that can be either benecial
or detrimental. Chronic activation of the immune system and the chronic inammation that
it produces is not only the common feature of modern diseases of aging, but also its major
underlying cause.
The “wrong” food, although it may be “healthful”
for most people, will induce inammation. The
immune system aims to damage the food,
which it mistakes as a harmful invader, such as
a bacteria, parasite or virus, but also ends up
damaging our own bodies. Long-term exposure
can even trigger autoimmunity, where the
immune system actively attacks our own tissues
and bodily structures.
It has been known for ages that food can be
either the best medicine or a strong poison. The ancient Greeks like Hippocrates and Lucretius
expressed this clearly in their writings which have been maintained, “Let thy food be thy medicine
and thy medicine be thy food” and “One man’s meat is another man’s poison.”
The Alcat Test can tell you which food is your ‘meat’ and which is your ‘poison’. It is not a substitute
for medical care, but it can be extremely helpful if incorporated into a healthy lifestyle and as an
aid in disease prevention. If a medical condition exists, the Alcat Test is helpful used in conjunction
with the advice of a qualied health practitioner. The following pages will give you the information
that is required to do so.
To your health,
Roger Davis Deutsch- Owner/Founder, Cell Science Systems
Why is it
important to
have the
Alcat Test?
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 3
Table of Contents
Understanding the Dierence Between
Food Allergies, Food Sensitivities, and Intolerances................................................ 5
Understanding Your Alcat Results.................................................................................. 6
The Report: Color Coding & Degree of Reactivity............................................... 7
Rotation Plan......................................................................................................... 10
Sensitivity to Candida....................................................................................................... 12
Sensitivity to Gluten and Gliadin.................................................................................... 14
Sensitivity to Milk, Casein, and Whey............................................................................ 18
Living with Food Sensitivities......................................................................................... 20
Feeling Worse Before Feeling Better............................................................................. 21
Reference Descriptions: What You Need to Know..................................................... 22
Reference Descriptions Overview....................................................................... 24
Vegetables & Legumes.......................................................................................... 26
Fruits....................................................................................................................... 35
Meats ...................................................................................................................... 40
Dairy & Eggs ........................................................................................................... 42
Seafood.................................................................................................................. 43
Grains & Starches................................................................................................... 48
Herbs & Spices........................................................................................................ 51
Nuts, Oils, & Miscellaneous................................................................................... 56
Food Additives & Preservatives............................................................................ 63
Food Colorings........................................................................................................ 69
Molds....................................................................................................................... 71
Environmental Chemicals...................................................................................... 73
Antibiotics & Anti-Inammatory Agents.............................................................. 7 4
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs.................................................................... 7 6
Re-introducing Foods....................................................................................................... 94
Frequently Asked Questions........................................................................................... 95
Additional Testing from Cell Science Systems............................................................... 98
Additional Resources....................................................................................................... 99
References........................................................................................................................ 102
4 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Congratulations!
You have made a positive step toward improving your health with the Alcat
Food and Chemical Sensitivity Test. Now that you have utilized the most
sophisticated laboratory technology to identify your sensitivities, you can begin
to take a fresh look toward improving your health. Your Alcat Test results will
help you select an interesting and varied eating program based on foods that
are compatible with your unique biochemical makeup. To gain the most benet,
study this booklet carefully and begin your personal food plan as soon as
possible. The Alcat Test is for food sensitivities that cause chronic inammation.
This booklet contains valuable information and practical advice to help
you safely change your eating pattern and lifestyle while still maintaining a
balanced nutritional intake.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 5
Understanding the Dierence Between
Food Allergies, Food Sensitivities, and Intolerances
Adverse reactions to foods and chemicals are often called hypersensitivities.
There are many dierent hypersensitivities to foods. You may hear the terms “allergy”,” sensitivity”, and
“intolerance” being used interchangeably and also incorrectly. The following clarication reects how most
health experts are trained to use these terms.
Allergy Sensitivity Intolerance
A type 1 hypersensitivity, the
IgE (Immunoglobin E) mediated
immune response, is immediate
and usually produces symptoms
minutes after ingesting the
oender, and up to hours later.
This is a true allergic reaction.
The allergic response to a food,
chemical, mold or herb can be
life threatening. Even small
amounts of a food to which a
person is truly allergic, are likely
to trigger the immune system
response. The immune system
attacks a specic protein as if it
were a harmful pathogen. Signs
and symptoms can vary and may
include a tingling in the mouth,
hives, rash, immediate vomiting,
wheezing, edema- swelling of
parts of the body, such as the
throat, tongue and face. When
an IgE allergic reaction is severe
and life-threatening, it is known as
anaphylaxis.
If this type of reaction is
suspected, it is crucial that a
physician or allergist be consulted
for the diagnosis. If diagnosed with
food allergies, it is very important
to continue to avoid these
allergens to avoid a potentially
life-threatening situation. Type 1
allergies are much less common
than sensitivities.
Sensitivities cause a chronic
inammatory process. Symptoms
related to sensitivities could
occur hours after ingesting the
oenders, or even days later.
Those with symptoms of food
sensitivities, may experience them
chronically, and may struggle with
digestive issues such as loose
stools, constipation, atulence,
feeling bloated, headaches,
migraines, fatigue, skin issues,
arthritis, focus and attention
issues, irritability, and the list goes
on. It is also possible to have
food sensitivities without noticing
symptoms. The inammation
created by the cellular response
may be occurring, but symptoms
may not be detected.
Food sensitivities, unlike IgE
mediated allergies, do not always
require exposure to a food to
“prime” them and sometimes
individuals can handle small
amounts of the food to which they
are sensitive.
The Alcat Test is a highly sensitive,
objective test for assessing the
innate immune cell response
to foods, food sensitivities.
Remember, symptoms occurring
from true allergies tend to be
immediate, and symptoms
occurring from sensitivities tend to
be delayed.
Please be aware that the Alcat test
does not identify food allergies.
Again, if known food allergies
exist, please understand those
foods must be avoided, even if
they appear in the green box or
acceptable nonreactive foods list
on the Alcat Test.
The word “intolerance” can
be confusing because if we
are sensitive to something,
we’re not tolerating it. But an
adverse reaction classied as
an intolerance does not involve
the immune system and is the
result of insucient production
of enzymes necessary to digest
particular components in foods.
For example, the intolerance that
most people are familiar with, a
lactose intolerance, is actually the
lack of or insucient availability
of the enzyme lactase, which is
necessary to digest the naturally
occurring sugar in milk, lactose.
The Alcat Test does not test for
this type of adverse reaction.
The Alcat Test is measuring
sensitivities, not allergies or
intolerances.
6 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Understanding Your
Alcat Results
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 7
The Alcat Test is a lab based immune stimulation test in which white blood cells (WBCs) are
challenged with various substances including foods, additives, colorings, chemicals, medicinal
herbs, functional foods, molds, and pharmaceutical compounds.
The changes in WBCs are detected using ow cytometry and specic impedance. The degree
of reactivity to the test substance is objectively determined by comparing the number and
distribution of cell sizes present in the patient’s normal blood with the distribution following an
Alcat Test challenge. In other words, the
change in volume and size of the WBCs
as a result of being exposed to the food
or other test component is measured by
comparing to the patient’s baseline. The
graph you see here is an example of what
the testing device reads.
Food sensitivities involve degrees of
reactivity which can be altered through
change of eating habits, stress levels,
medical conditions, nutritional status,
hormone levels, medications, change of
season, and other factors that impact the
body’s immune system.
On the pages of the Alcat Test report,
there are columns with color coded bands
across the top. This color coding indicates
the degree of reactivity to the foods that
were tested.
Green – Non-reactive, Acceptable Foods
The large box with the green band on top includes non-
reactive foods that can be consumed on a rotation basis.
Since we cannot nourish our bodies properly by consuming
a few foods over and over again, it is best for most everyone
to consume a variety of foods from the foods listed in the
green box. Ideally, it is recommended to consume even non-
reactive foods no more than every other day.
The Report: Color Coding & Degree of Reactivity
8 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Red – Severe
The column with the red band indicates a severe
reaction. We recommend the foods from this list be
avoided for 6 months or longer.
Note: The practitioner providing guidance with regard
to the nutrition plan, may recommend the avoidance
of these reactive foods for a dierent duration.
Orange - Moderate
The column with the orange band indicates a moderate
reaction. We recommend the foods from this list be
avoided for 3 months- 6 months.
Note: The practitioner providing guidance with regard to
the nutrition plan, may recommend the avoidance of these
reactive foods for a dierent duration.
Yellow- Mild
The column with the yellow band indicates a mild reaction.
Our recommendation is to limit the consumption of
the foods in this list to no more than 2 days per week
and preferably not two days in a row. It’s best to limit
consumption of them to one day out of every four days.
However, it might be best to take a look at this list and
determine the foods that were being consumed daily or
just about daily prior to having this test done. For those
foods, we may recommend completely avoiding them for 3
months or longer.
You may notice these foods that have asterisks (*) placed
next to them. The asterisk (*) indicates a mild reaction.
You will see how the asterisks are helpful when we discuss
the rotation plan.
The ordering practitioner may have another preference
regarding whether or not this list be included in the eating
pattern.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 9
Blue Boxes
The boxes at the bottom of the page with the blue
border, are for the components that, if reactive,
would eliminate more than one food from the
eating pattern. They include Candida albicans,
gluten and gliadin, and casein and whey.
The rst box indicates
reactivity or no reactivity to
Candida albicans. This does
not serve as a diagnosis for
overgrowth of this yeast-
like fungus. If reactive to
Candida albicans, sugars
will be listed in this box
to remind you that, even
if nonreactive, sugars are
best eliminated from the
eating pattern to prevent a
potential exacerbation of
candida related complex.
Please see “Sensitivity to
Candida albicans” for a
more in depth discussion of
this adverse reaction and
consult with your healthcare
provider.
The second box indicates
reactivity or no reactivity
to gluten and gliadin. If
reactive, gluten containing
grains will be listed in
this box to remind you to
eliminate them as well as
products derived from them,
from your eating pattern.
A positive gluten/gliadin
reaction with a negative
wheat, rye, barley, malt
response can occur when
the isolated proteins
are tested in a more
concentrated form. Our
recommendation is to
eliminate all gluten/gliadin
containing grains for 3
months if mildly reactive
and 6 months or more if
moderately or severely
reactive.
Please see the “Sensitivity to
Gluten/Gliadin” discussion
for a more in depth
discussion of this sensitivity.
The third blue-banded box
indicates reactivity or no
reactivity to casein and
whey. If reactive, cow’s milk,
goat’s milk, and sheep’s
milk will be listed in this
box to remind you to limit/
eliminate them as well
as products derived from
them, from your eating
pattern. A positive casein/
whey response with a
negative cow’s, goat’s, and/
or sheep’s milk response
can occur when the isolated
proteins are tested in a
more concentrated form.
Although technically you
may not be sensitive to the
other products listed, it is
advisable to avoid them as
they contain the proteins,
casein and/or whey.
Please see the “Sensitivity to
Casein/Whey” discussion for
a more in depth discussion
of this sensitivity.
10 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
You will notice a four day rotation plan included in your test
results. This plan includes the non-reactive foods, as well as the
mildly reactive foods indicated by asterisks- spread out over four
days. If it was decided to eliminate, rather than limit, any of the foods
from the mildly reactive list, remember to eliminate them from the
rotation plan as well.
As mentioned previously, it would be best that we consume a variety of
nonreactive foods to nourish our bodies properly. Eating in a rotation pattern
can help achieve that variety and can help limit the mild list of foods to no more
than 2 days per week, or one day in a four day period. A rotation pattern of eating
also decreases the likelihood that the immune system will be overwhelmed with the
same foods. An overload may contribute to further sensitivities. The basic principle
of the rotation plan is this: by eating foods one day and then omitting them for at least 3
days, you avoid a cumulative sensitizing eect. This period of time allows the particular food
molecules to “clear” from the system so they do not cause an overload.
Ideally the 4 day rotation plan would work this way- on day one, only the foods that are listed on
day one would be consumed. No foods from days two, three, or four would be consumed on
day one. On day two, only the foods that are listed for that day would be consumed. Day one
foods would not be consumed again until day ve, day two foods would not be consumed
again until day six, and so on. If need be, the rotation can be changed by moving foods
from one day to another to make the plan more realistic.
The strict four day rotation plan may be realistic and appropriate. It is a good idea to
check with the practitioner who is providing advice in this regard, to determine if
proceeding this way is necessary.
Please bear in mind that the top priority is to eliminate the severely and
moderately reactive foods and ingredients, to limit the mildly reactive list of
foods, consume a variety of the nonreactive foods, and to avoid eating
the same foods day after day. Perhaps an every other day rotation
plan is more realistic right now and that plan can be implemented
rst. You can always revisit the four day rotation plan later if it is
determined to be necessary.
Rotation Plan
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 11
12 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Candida albicans is a naturally occurring yeast present
in various mucus membranes in the body. Most of the
time, we can keep the growth of Candida albicans in
check, but an overgrowth of Candida, most commonly
occurring in the gut- also known as Candida Related
Complex- can be an underlying contributing factor to gut
permeability also known as leaky gut, digestive issues,
feeling unwell or a general feeling of malaise, brain fog,
fatigue, headaches, and more. A reaction to Candida
identied in the Alcat test does not serve as a diagnosis
of Candida overgrowth nor does a non-reaction to
it rule out Candida related complex. A reaction to
Candida may be considered as sort of a screening tool
and a possible indication that Candida overgrowth is
occurring. Therefore, it would be best to seek advice
from a physician experienced in testing for and treating
Candida related complex to be certain.
Starve the Yeast
If Candida overgrowth exists, our recommendation is
to avoid foods that encourage the growth of Candida.
These foods include any sugar, maple sugar, fructose
(in excess), high fructose corn syrup, and honey. We
also recommend the avoidance of fruit juice, agave,
molasses, and alcohol.
Due to the high sugar content of fruit juice and the
rapid impact it has on the blood glucose response,
whether it is added or naturally occurring, it is best to
completely eliminate fruit juice consumption as well.
In addition to sugar and alcohol, rened starchy
carbohydrates-white rice, white our, and instant
cereals are to be avoided as well.
It may be best to limit fresh fruit to no more than two servings per day. Consuming fresh/
frozen fruits, and any other carbohydrate along with a good source of protein and a healthy
source of fat may slow the rise in blood glucose. The practitioner providing nutrition
guidance can determine what is necessary.
In addition, it is very important to prevent constipation especially when Candida overgrowth
is an issue. When fecal matter remains in the colon for too long it becomes the perfect
breeding ground for Candida. Plenty of ber and uid, preferably ltered water, are
recommended to help prevent constipation.
Sensitivity to Candida
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 13
Beyond just the avoidance of sugar, many dierent
diets targeting Candida related complex, exist.
Avoidance of the following foods may be suggested:
dairy, mushrooms, peanuts, pistachios, cashews,
vinegar, corn, corn products, dried fruit, baker’s and
brewer’s yeast, tempeh, miso , fermented vegetables,
deli meats, legumes, oat, rice, pork, shellsh,
potatoes, carrots, yams, beets, peas, parsnips, black
and green tea, canola oil, condiments, citric acid,
additives, and coee,. The nutrition practitioner uses
his/her judgement in this regard. These additional
recommendations may or may not help.
Even though sugar should be completely avoided
when there is an overgrowth of Candida, there are
several substitutes for this sweet ingredient. Xylitol
and erythritol are sugar alcohols naturally derived from fruits and vegetables. Although these
sugar alcohols provide a sweet taste, they do not aect our blood glucose in the same way sugar
does and they have not been found to foster further growth of Candida. Lo Han is a sweetener
naturally derived from the monk fruit and stevia is naturally derived from the stevia rebaudiana
plant. Although these sweeteners are much sweeter than sugar, they do not tend to trigger an
insulin response or foster the growth of Candida.
Encourage Yeast Die O
In general, a plant based, whole foods pattern of eating, consisting of non-reactive organic
vegetables, whole grains, lean grass fed meats, free range chicken, wild caught sh, certain nuts,
seeds, nut butters, oils and some organic fresh fruit is certainly what is recommended for this
situation. But antifungals may be helpful to encourage yeast die-o.
Garlic, cinnamon, coconut oil, coconut milk, thyme, sage, clove, yogurt and ker with live
cultures, oil of oregano and green tea are all naturally occurring antifungals, meaning they
can help “kill the yeast” should this be an issue. Feel free to use them as a regular part of the
eating pattern, as long as the Alcat results do not reveal sensitivity to these foods. It is best to
rotate these and not use one or all daily. For example, use coconut one day, garlic the next, and
cinnamon the next. It would be best to further discuss the use of these natural antifungals with
your nutrition practitioner.
Also, be aware that there are supplements available to aid in eliminating the Candida
overgrowth. These options can be discussed with the practitioner providing nutrition guidance.
Keep in mind there are many diering opinions and suggestions from practitioners regarding
the best way to manage a Candida related complex. Managing Candida overgrowth is not a “one
size ts all” approach, individualization is key to successfully combating Candida overgrowth.
Remember that the sensitivity to Candida albicans revealed by the Alcat test does NOT mean
that Candida overgrowth is denitely an issue. Further testing to rule out or rule in this complex
is important.
Sensitivity to Candida
14 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
The second blue box reports sensitivity to gluten and
gliadin. Gluten and gliadin are the protein fractions of
the most common grains: wheat, rye, barley, spelt, and
malt. The report will automatically remove grains that
contain these proteins if the results indicate a sensitivity
to gluten and/or gliadin.
Please be aware that a sensitivity to gluten and gliadin
determined by the Alcat test is not a diagnosis for celiac
disease (CD). If celiac disease is suspected, a physician
who can order the appropriate testing is necessary to
consult with. It is recommended that gluten-containing
grains be consumed prior to being tested for celiac
disease. If testing for CD is the plan, it is recommended
to wait to start the avoidance of gluten until after the
test. Please refer to the Additional Testing section for
more information regarding testing for celiac disease.
It seems that gluten is found everywhere in our food
supply. Because wheat, the most common gluten containing grain, oers desirable properties
(like uness, thickening) to products, it is used in foods that you may not expect (like sauces,
soups, yogurt, beverages, and supplements).
Sensitivity to Gluten and Gliadin
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 15
Sensitivity to Gluten and Gliadin
Gluten Free Choices
If you have an adverse reaction to gluten and/or gliadin, here are some
basic guidelines about shopping gluten free.
For just about any product that may seem obvious to contain gluten-
bread, cereal, pasta, crackers, pizza crust, bagels, pretzels, English
muns, (etc.) there is almost always a “gluten free” counterpart. For
example, many stores now carry gluten free breads, gluten free cereals,
gluten free crackers, gluten free pasta, gluten free pretzels, etc.
When looking for gluten free items, look for a “certied gluten free”
claim or seal on the package. For less obvious foods, like sauces, dressing, yogurt, be on the
look -out for the other gluten based ingredients. When you do see the words “gluten free” on
the package, remember to read the ingredient list to make sure there are no other oending
ingredients within the food or beverage. Manufacturers can change the ingredients in your
familiar favorites at any time without any announcement, so it is important for you to read
the label and ingredients EVERY time you purchase.
Be aware that oats, unless specied gluten free, may contain gluten due to the risk of cross-
contamination when processed in the same facilities that process gluten-containing grains or
growing in elds adjacent to gluten containing grains. Otherwise, it does not contain gluten.
If there was no reaction to oats, but there was a reaction to gluten, gluten-free oats may be
consumed. However, if there is a diagnosis of celiac disease, whether or not gluten free oats can
be consumed should be discussed with the physician.
Oending ingredients to watch out for could be your other reactive foods according to the Alcat
test, any food allergies, additives, articial sweeteners or preservatives.
16 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
There are many gluten free grains and our substitutes available such as those listed here.
Consult with the nutrition expert advising you regarding your eating pattern for the ours that
would be most appropriate for you to use to prepare your favorite recipes.
Sensitivity to Gluten and Gliadin
• almond our
• amaranth
• buckwheat
• chickpea our
• coconut our
• cornmeal
• millet
• garfava our
• gluten-free oats
• potato our
• quinoa
• quinoa our
• rice
• rice our
• sorghum
• soy our
• tapioca our
You may feel that eating gluten free is extremely
challenging. Try to stay encouraged and make changes
gradually.
Start o by looking at all the foods in your eating pattern
that are naturally gluten free such as fruits, vegetables,
meat and poultry to name a few. Choose plenty of whole,
unprocessed foods and remember to choose gluten free
whole grains whenever possible.
Next, take small steps toward eliminating gluten from
your eating pattern. Start with a simple dish, something
that will not need much customization. An example would
be noodles and tomato sauce where only the noodles
need a gluten free replacement. You can try dierent
gluten-free pastas, like corn, quinoa or rice pasta. Discover through trial and error which pasta
will work best for your taste buds.
Progressively work toward more complex meals and continue to experiment to learn new
dishes. If you do not always have the time to cook, check out your local grocery store, health
store, or specialty food store to see what kind of gluten free items are available. Remember
to continue to look out for any other oending ingredients. Keep in mind that “gluten free”
products are not necessarily more nutritious! Make an eort to carefully read the nutrition
facts panel and ingredients. Also note that wheat is a major allergen so it will be listed clearly as
an ingredient, but the claim “gluten free” will not always appear on the food or beverage label
clearly. Before going shopping, you could also research gluten-free manufacturers online. Your
nutrition practitioner can provide additional suggestions for you as well.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 17
Gluten in Supplements
It is important to review the ingredient information in supplements as you would with any food
product. In addition to looking at the active ingredients, also check the inactive ingredients for
llers which may contain gluten. Remember to review your supplements for other potentially
reactive foods based on your Alcat results as well. If you are not sure whether or not your
supplement is gluten-free, contact the supplement manufacturer directly for more information.
Gluten in Medications
Because prescriptions and over-the-counter drugs are not covered under the gluten
and allergen labeling regulations, it is important to be proactive about nding out which
prescriptions and over-the-counter drugs do contain gluten.
Don’t be afraid to contact your pharmacist or call the pharmaceutical company that
manufacturers the prescription in question. Also remember that inactive ingredients and their
sources can vary between the brand name drug and the generic version.
Although implementing a gluten-free lifestyle can be challenging at rst, you’ll nd that it
becomes easier as you build a repertoire of foods that work for you. Work with your nutrition
practitioner to help you implement the avoidance of gluten as well as any other sensitivities/
intolerances you may have. In addition to the resources, meal planning tools and recipes that
may be provided by your nutritionist, also look into gluten-free websites and cookbooks. Gluten-
free eating has become pretty popular nowadays, so chances are that someone else has already
tried a gluten-free version of your favorite recipe.
Sensitivity to Gluten and Gliadin
18 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
The two main proteins in cow’s milk, goat’s milk, and
sheep’s milk are: casein, and whey.
Casein makes up about 75% of the proteins found in milk.
It is found in the solid curds when milk has curdled.
Dairy products as discussed here are the products and
byproducts of mammal’s milk, primarily from cow, goat,
and sheep. Some individuals may be sensitive to only one
fraction of the milk, for example, whey or casein or to
both, or sensitive to one mammal’s milk and not another,
for example cow’s milk but not goat’s milk.
The obvious foods that would contain dairy would be
milk, cheese, yogurt, butter, and ice cream. Less obvious
products that may contain dairy would be dressings,
soups, sauces and mixes. It is important to be aware that
many processed foods can contain ingredients that are
derived from cow’s milk, sheep’s milk, and goat’s milk.
Casein may be listed on products as: sodium caseinate,
calcium caseinate, or milk protein. Some dairy free products, like almond cheese may also
contain casein.
Whey is found in the liquid part of curdled milk. Whey
protein powders are made of this dairy protein.
If you have adverse reactions to dairy protein, you are
advised to avoid all products that may contain milk as well
as those processed in facilities that have equipment that is
shared with dairy products. You can nd this information
listed on products as a warning.
There are several ingredients to look for on labels. The
FederalFood Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act
(FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that
all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain milk
as an ingredient must list the word “milk” in plain English, on
the label.
Since milk is one of the top 8 allergens, manufacturers are required to state denitively on the
label that the product contains milk. So it is easier to determine if milk is present in products.
A person with a true milk allergy must avoid all milk and dairy products, but this labeling
guideline helps those with sensitivities as well.
Although the FALCPA has made label reading easier, individuals and families who are managing
food allergies and sensitivities need to read all labels on all packages carefully every time a
purchase is made. Manufacturers can change ingredients without warning, so reading labels
each time will ensure you avoid any ingredients that may cause an adverse reaction.
Dairy is also hidden in other products like: supplements, medications, and beauty products.
For example, probiotics are often grown on a dairy medium. Choose those that are not.
Medications and supplement capsules may contain lactose which is used as a ller or a coating.
Sensitivity to Milk, Casein, and Whey
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 19
Bath products and cosmetics may also contain dairy as an ingredient. It is important to check
the ingredients of all products you use or come in contact with.
Keep in mind that for every obvious dairy containing food or beverage, like milk, yogurt, cheese,
and ice cream, there are dairy free alternatives available. For example, there are dairy free milks
made from almonds, cashews, rice, soy, coconut, and ax, and the same holds true for cheeses,
yogurts, and ice cream. Be careful to be on the lookout for any other ingredients that you may
be allergic or sensitive to when selecting dairy free alternatives.
When cooking dairy free, substitute dairy free products for: milks, creams, butters, and
chocolate.
You can substitute dairy free milks for regular milk easily because they have a 1 to 1 ratio. Use
dairy free butter/trans- fat free margarine for regular butter/margarine, and dairy free or vegan
chocolate for regular chocolate in cooking or baking recipes.
You may also make your own homemade evaporated or condensed dairy free milks.
Sensitivity to Milk, Casein, and Whey
The naturally occurring sugar in mammal’s milk
is called lactose. A lactose intolerance, does not
involve an immune response. Individuals with
lactose intolerance lack sucient amounts of the
lactase enzyme that is required to digest lactose.
Up to 75% of the world’s population is lactose
intolerant, especially those of Asian, African,
Arab, and Italian descent. Symptoms of lactose
intolerance can include gas, bloating, diarrhea,
and nausea. Taking a lactase supplement or
a dairy product that has been treated with the
lactase enzyme, when dairy is consumed may
resolve symptoms of lactose intolerance. It will
not help if you have a dairy sensitivity or a true
milk allergy.
The Alcat Test tests for the delayed immune
response to lactose which is not the same
response that would occur in lactose intolerance.
An individual may be intolerant to lactose due to
the insucient availability of the lactase enzyme,
but they may not be sensitive (immune response)
to dairy proteins, lactose, casein and/or whey.
We typically think of dairy products as our number one source of calcium. There are many
other sources of calcium that we can incorporate into our eating patterns. Collard greens,
sesame seeds, canned sardines, and fortied orange juice are a few examples of good sources
of calcium. It would be best to address your nutrient needs with your nutrition practitioner for
other nutrients you may not be getting in sucient quantities.
20 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Living with
Food Sensitivities
Food sensitivities can be challenging to
manage and things become more dicult as
the number of sensitivities increase.
When dealing with food sensitivities, shopping
can quickly become a challenge, especially
if there are multiple foods you are avoiding.
Fortunately, a number of supermarkets have
broadened their selection of specialty items
that are appropriate for food allergies and
sensitivities, especially those with sensitivities
to gluten, wheat, dairy, eggs, soy, peanuts, and
tree nuts. If your local supermarket does not
have enough options available for your needs,
many suitable foods can be found at specialty
stores, ethnic markets, health food stores, and
even online.
Eating Away from Home
Whether it’s a special occasion or a busy
weeknight, eating out with friends and family is
one of life’s great pleasures. But for those with
food sensitivities, enjoying food prepared by
others can present a challenge. This does not
mean that you cannot have a meal out every
now and then.
It may take some thinking and planning ahead
but your time will be well spent and help you
enjoy both food and fun.
Before you go out to eat, think ahead a bit so
that you can have a comfortable and enjoyable
dining experience. Choose the restaurant
wisely. Many restaurants today have special
menus or notations on their regular menus for
those with food allergies or sensitivities. This is
particularly true for gluten, dairy, soy, or nuts.
If someone else chooses the restaurant,
check the menu on the restaurant’s web site
(if available) for appropriate options. Call
ahead to discuss your particular sensitivities
to ensure the restaurant can meet your needs.
Ideally, it’s best to speak with the manager or
the chef.
Ask questions about the ingredients in the
dishes that you’ve chosen from the menu.
Make a reservation earlier in the evening or
another time that is typically less busy. For
example, dining at 6 p.m. on a Tuesday instead
of 8 p.m. on a Saturday will increase the
likelihood that your
Remember that you are the customer and
restaurant owners are often eager to answer
your questions and retain your business.
Restaurants are increasingly aware of food
allergies, however, few people understand
sensitivities. To ensure that both the wait sta
and kitchen sta take the proper precautions
with your food, do not hesitate to tell your
waiter that you have an allergy to the foods to
which you are sensitive.
Though currently there are no universal
symbols for allergens or sensitivities, the
following are used frequently:
GF = Gluten-free WF = Wheat-free
DF = Dairy-free SF = Sugar free NF=Nut-
free SY = Soy-free V = Vegetarian
VN= Vegan AF = allergy friendly in general
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 21
Be aware that many restaurants use outside
vendors for their desserts and may not be
knowledgeable about all of the ingredients
used. Desserts, even those that are made in-
house, often contain gluten, wheat, dairy, eggs,
nuts, and assorted fruits. When in doubt, skip
dessert and enjoy a safe treat once you get
home.
As joyous as a dinner party or potluck can be,
for those with food sensitivities, it can also be a
signicant challenge. The best way to ensure a
pleasant evening is to let your host or hostess
know about your sensitivities well in advance.
Also, don’t be afraid to ask questions.
If you are unsure of what will be served at the
gathering, have a small meal or hearty snack
before the event just in case there are no
appropriate foods for you. Oer to bring a dish
that is not only safe for you, but also something
delicious that can be shared. Bringing a dish to
a dinner party is not only polite but is especially
important if you have food sensitivities.
Consider a one-pot dish that can suce in case
there is little else that you feel comfortable
eating. It’s also a good idea to consider what the
cook is serving as well as what the other guests
might enjoy when deciding what to bring.
There is no question that avoiding foods to
which you are sensitive can be a challenge.
However, making some changes to your
shopping habits, the way you organize the
kitchen, and planning your meals ahead of time
for the week can make it much easier. Before
you know it, you will become an expert and
these changes will become a regular part of
your routine.
Feeling Worse Before Feeling Better
Responses to new eating patterns dier
tremendously. Some report being symptom
free within days of eliminating their reactive
foods. Others may experience symptoms of
“detoxication” or “withdrawal” in as little
as 12 hours after eliminating reactive foods
(particularly coee or tea). Symptoms may
include a dull headache, joint pain, muscle
aches, fatigue, sinus discomfort or even back
pain. These withdrawal symptoms may last a
few days or in extreme cases they can last up to
a few weeks.
If these symptoms persist, the practitioner
advising you regarding your food elimination
plan may suggest you proceed more slowly
with the food avoidance. Getting enough
rest, drinking plenty of ltered water,
consuming a variety of non-reactive foods,
fruits and vegetables, and taking a high quality
multivitamin/mineral supplement to support
the body’s detoxication processes, is also
recommended.
Consult with Your Physician
The Alcat Test is not to be used in place of
a medical check- up or diagnosis. Not all
symptoms are necessarily related to food
sensitivities. Report bothersome symptoms to
your physician who can do further testing to
rule out health problems.
22 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
The Alcat Test determines your food sensitivities
using a pure extract of each item tested. Most
foods that are consumed are not pure and come
in prepared dishes and may be found in foods
you wouldn’t expect. It is important to read the
ingredient labels carefully as recipes change and
foods can be listed under several dierent names.
It is important that you maintain a varied eating
pattern based upon the foods not causing you
adverse reactions. Wherever feasible, it is best
to consume fresh, whole, organic foods. Avoid
packaged and processed foods such as those
found in bottles, tins, jars and boxes. Be aware that
manufacturers of processed foods do not always
label every ingredient and source because they can
contain many dierent foods grouped together.
Reference
Descriptions:
What You
Need to Know
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 23
An often-overlooked aspect of food preparation is the use of any oils in cooking. It is important to
remember that if you are using oil to cook with, it must be derived from foods on your green list. Be
aware some cooking oils have extra ingredients that may be listed on the label.
Untested Foods and Ingredients
Since it is not known how the body would react, it may be best to avoid any foods that were not
included in the Alcat Test. However, the nutrition practitioner providing the guidance in this regard
may suggest a dierent approach.
When in Doubt
If you have questions regarding ingredients and what their sources are, do not hesitate to contact
the manufacturer. Our recommendation is, when in doubt, it’s best to avoid it until the source is
determined. The ideal approach would be to make recipes from scratch and to avoid packaged,
processed foods. Even making cosmetics, lotions, soaps from non-reactive ingredients would be best.
To get the most from implementing the results of the food sensitivity testing, a nutrition expert
trained in the management of adverse food reactions should be consulted.
24 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
You will nd descriptions of all of the Alcat tested foods,
common uses for them, words that may indicate the foods’
presence in ingredient lists, and important facts to be aware
of. Information regarding the foods’ health promoting
characteristics is also included to encourage a consumption of a
variety of the foods that were non-reactive.
If the testing included additives and colorings, you will see an
additional page in your results packet titled Food Sensitivity
Test Chemical Report. Using the color coding system discussed
previously, you can interpret the results of the chemical
report the same way. Descriptions of each additive tested
can be found in the following pages. It may be challenging to
nd a large variety of convenience packaged and processed
foods that will only contain acceptable ingredients. Therefore,
most of these food additives and colorings will be avoided
anyway. While not always convenient, a whole foods plan with
recipes prepared from scratch, so that you can control what is
consumed, is what will reap the most health benet.
Food Additives & Preservatives
Food Colorings
Sensitivity testing for molds is a screening tool only, and
treatment for molds is best done with immunotherapy from an
allergist. In addition to understanding where particular molds
would occur, we recommend doing all possible to control
exposure to them by washing and rinsing all fresh produce,
whether “certied organic” or not, using a HEPA micron lter
in the home, and cleaning heating and air conditioning lters
every 4 weeks.
Molds
Reference Descriptions
Vegetables & Legumes
Fruits
Meats
Dairy & Eggs
Seafood
Grains & Starches
Herbs & Spices
Nuts, Oils & Miscellaneous
Alcat Food Descriptions
Food Additives & Preservatives
Molds
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 25
If the testing included environmental chemicals, you can
interpret the environmental chemical sensitivity results using
the color coded system discussed previously.
Environmental Chemicals
If the testing included antibiotics and anti-inammatory
agents, you will see the results reported using the same
color coding system described previously. It is important to
consult your prescribing physician for guidance with regard
to your medication routine. Do not attempt to discontinue
medications on your own without your practitioner’s
direction.
Antibiotics & Anti-Inammatory Agents
If the testing included functional foods and medicinal herbs,
you will see the results in the same color coded system on
a sheet entitled Functional Foods and Medicinal Herbs Test
Results as you see here. It is important that anything that was
reactive be avoided in food products and supplements.
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Reference Descriptions
Environmental Chemicals
Antibiotics & Anti-Inammatory Agents
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
26 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Adzuki Beans DESCRIPTION: A small red bean that is often used in east Asian cuisine. It is commonly boiled with sugar
resulting in red bean paste that is a very common ingredient in Chinese dishes | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Japanese
desserts, Chinese desserts, soups, bean dips, salads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Anko, bean dip,
bean salad, meatless burger | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of phosphorus, potassium, and copper.
Very good source of dietary ber, folate, and manganese.
Acorn Squash DESCRIPTION: A small squash with golden esh and dark green skin, shaped like an acorn | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Soups, stews, sauces, and purees | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Winter squash, gourd |
BE AWARE: There are many varieties of winter squash | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/
vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, manganese, copper, complex carbohydrates, ber, pectin, and phenolic compounds.
Supports antioxidant activity, eye health, and helps regulate inammation and blood sugar.
Artichoke (globe) DESCRIPTION : The globe artichoke is a perennial thistle that is green in color. The heart is most often
consumed, although the leaves can be as well if prepared in the right way. The leaves can be very sharp | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Stews, soups, salads and dips | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Artichoke crowns,
artichoke bottoms, vegetable pizza, poivrade | BE AWARE: Can be found in some herbal teas and the Italian liqueur Cynar
| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, copper, magnesium, manganese,
phosphorus, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. quercetin, rutin, gallic acid, cynarin), and ber. Supports blood clotting, and
cardiovascular, liver, and gastrointestinal (GI) health.
Arugula DESCRIPTION : Arugula is an early summer vegetable. It is a green leaf with a long stem that is known for it’s
somewhat peppery avor COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, sandwiches, burgers, soups, stews, pastas, sauces, juices,
cooked | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Salad rocket, rucola, rucoli, rugula, colewort, roquette |
BE AWARE: Can be in pre-mixed salad blends | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of protein, thiamin,
riboavin, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, zinc and copper. Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K,
folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and manganese.
Asparagus DESCRIPTION: Asparagus is a woody, stalk like vegetable that can be green, purple or white in color |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pickled mixtures, mixed vegetables, soups, stews and sauces | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mixed vegetables, primavera | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1,
B2, B3, folate, C, E, K, copper, selenium, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, regulation of inammation, blood clotting,
intestinal bacteria, and GI health.
Bell Pepper DESCRIPTION: Shaped somewhat like a bell, bell peppers come in a variety of colors such as red, green,
yellow and orange | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Rice dishes, salads, soups, stews, kebabs, mixed vegetables, jarred, roasted |
BE AWARE: Can be found in frozen/canned bean mixes. Part of the nightshade family along with white potatoes, eggplant,
tomato, and tobacco | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B6, vitamin C, folate, phytonutrients
(e.g. carotenoids, avonoids, hydroxycinnamic acids), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity and cardiovascular health.
Black Bean DESCRIPTION: Small beans that are black in color and a member of the legume family | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Ethnic rice dishes, chili, soups, dips, salads, canned and bagged bean mixtures, hummus, meat substitute, dessert
substitution | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Chili beans, mixed beans, turtle bean, bean paste,
"healthy dessert option" | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B1, folate, iron, magnesium,
phosphorus, copper, manganese, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, hydroxycinnamic acids, triterpenoids),
complex carbohydrates, ber, and protein. Supports gastrointestinal and cardiovascular health, healthy blood sugar
levels, and protein metabolism.
Black-Eyed Pea DESCRIPTION: A small, pale colored bean with a prominent black spot | COMMONLY FOUND IN: The
southern "Hoppin' John" dish, Texas Caviar, in rice dishes, stews and soups | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Cowpea, purple hull pea, yellow eyed pea | BE AWARE: In many cultures this pea is a sign of good luck and
will be incorporated into traditional dishes on holidays such as New Years or Rosh Hashanah | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B3, K, folate, calcium, magnesium, potassium,
manganese, molybdenum, phytonutrients (e.g. isoavones, phytosterols), complex carbohydrates, and ber. Supports
blood clotting, blood sugar regulation, cardiovascular, eye, and GI health.
Vegetables & Legumes
Back to Reference Descriptions
Vegetables & Legumes
Butternut Squash DESCRIPTION: A large winter squash with yellow skin and golden orange pulp| COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Soups, pies, casseroles, and some baked goods | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Winter squash |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, magnesium, potassium, manganese,
complex carbohydrates, and ber. Carotenoids lutein, zeaxanthin, and beta-carotene support eye health.
Button Mushrooms DESCRIPTION: Mushrooms are a fungal growth that typically consist of a stalk and a cap. |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, stews, sauces, stungs, salads, pre packaged foods| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Crimini, Paris mushrooms, champignons de Paris| BE AWARE: There are thousands of varieties of
mushrooms | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of copper, selenium, phosphorus, vitamin B2, niacin,
pantothenic acid, potassium, zinc, vitamin B1, manganese, vitamin B6, folate, choline, protein, and vitamin B12
Cabbage DESCRIPTION: A vegetable that comes in a head with thick leaves; in a variety of colors and is much more
dense| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Coleslaw, salads, soups, stews, German and Polish dishes | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Sauerkraut, purple cabbage, red cabbage, white cabbage, green cabbage| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B6, C, K, manganese, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, glucosinolates),
and ber. Supports blood clotting, regulation of inammation, antioxidant activity, detoxication, and GI and cardiovascular
health. Possesses anticancer benets. Red cabbage has signicantly more vitamin C and anthocyanin polyphenols than
green.
Cannellini Beans DESCRIPTION: Known as the white kidney bean | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, soups, chili, bean dip,
canned, and bagged mixtures| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: White kidney bean, white bean, pasta e
fagioli soup, minestrone soup | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Excellent source of molybdenum. Very good source of
folate, dietary ber, and copper.
Capers DESCRIPTION: Small green berries that are typically pickled and have a very distinct briney avor | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Jars, remoulade, antipasto salads, pizza topping, salads, tartare | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Caper berries, pickled capers, caper blossom, picatta, puttanesca | BE AWARE: May act as a blood thinner |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of protein, vitamin A, vitamin E, niacin, calcium, and manganese. Very
good source of dietary ber, vitamin C, vitamin K, riboavin, folate, iron, magnesium, and copper.
Carrot DESCRIPTION: A root vegetable that can vary in colors but the most common is orange | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Salads, sauces, soups, stews, juices, smoothies | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Vegetable medley,
mixed vegetables, vegetable juices | BE AWARE: Often found within mixed vegetable dishes and in many prepackaged
vegetable juices; comes in many dierent colors | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/
vitamin A (1 c. provides 428% DV vit. A), biotin, vitamin C, vitamin K, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. hydroxycinnamic acids,
anthocyanins, polyacetylenes), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, blood clotting, cardiovascular health, and eyesight.
Cauliower DESCRIPTION: Similar in physical appearance to broccoli but much more dense with sti orets. Typically
found in white but also can be found in green | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Mixed vegetables (frozen and fresh) and very
common in Indian cuisine | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Vegetable medley, mixed vegetables,
"fauxtatoes"| BE AWARE: Mashed cauliower can be used in place of potatoes is popular among carbohydrate conscious
consumers | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B6, C, K, folate, choline, phytonutrients (e.g.
glucosinolates, cinnamic acid, avonoids). Supports cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and liver health; blood clotting;
antioxidant activity; detoxication; and regulation of inammation.
Celery DESCRIPTION: Long brous stalks that are green in color and crunchy with avorful leaves that can be eaten |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, soup mixes, stews, salads, poultry seasoning, V-8 juice, mixed juices, broths, bouillon
cubes. Celery seed is used as a avoring or spice and mixed with salt as celery salt commonly found in coleslaw| OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Celery root, celery seed, celery salt, broth, soup | BE AWARE: Like many
produce items, pesticides are a concern; the leaves may be found in salads | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamin K, molybdenum, pectin, and phytonutrients (e.g. phenolic acids, avones, avonols, dihydro stilbenoids,
phytosterols, furanocoumarins). Supports blood clotting, antioxidant activity, and regulation of inammation (especially of
the GI tract).
28 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Vegetables & Legumes
Chickpea DESCRIPTION: A small, round bean that is pale in color and often used in Mediterranean cooking| COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Salads, stews, hummus, dips; can also be ground into a our or roasted | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Garbanzo bean, bengal gram, besan, falafels, hummus, ceci, gluten-free our blend | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc,
copper, manganese, molybdenum, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids), ber, complex carbohydrates, and protein. Supports
antioxidant activity, healthy blood lipid and blood sugar levels, GI health, and regulation of inammation.
Chicory DESCRIPTION: A woody herbaceous plant whose roots are roasted and ground. Often used as a coee
substitute and an additive| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Yogurt, tea, coee, gum, high ber processed foods, ice cream,
cereals, granola bars, gluten free breads, prebiotic and probiotic supplements, protein shakes| OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Achicoria,Barbe de Capucin,Blue Sailors,Cheveux de Paysans,Chicorée,Chicorée
Amère,Chicorée Sauvage,Cichorii Herba,Cichorii Radix,Common Chicory Root,Écoubette,Hendibeh,Herbe à
Café,Hinduba,Kasani,Kasni,Racine de Chicorée Commune,Succory,Wild Chicory,Wild Endive,Yeux de Chat, inulin | BE
AWARE: May have slight laxative eect if consumed in high amounts; is used as inulin in many products. | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of thiamin, niacin, and zinc. Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin A, vitamin
C, vitamin E, vitamin K, riboavin, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium,
copper, and manganese.
Collard greens DESCRIPTION: A dark green leafy cruciferous vegetable that is best cooked due to its bitterness tough
leaves | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, soups, cooked and raw | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Berza,Chou Cavalier,Collard Greens,Cow Cabbage,Dalmatian Cabbage,Morris Heading,Spring Heading Cabbage,Tall
Kale,Tree Kale,Winter Greens| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of protein, thiamin, niacin, and
potassium. Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K, riboavin, vitamin B6, folate,
calcium, and manganese.
Cucumber DESCRIPTION: A long, thin, smooth skinned variety of squash that is eaten raw or cooked. The outer skin
is dark green while the esh is light green and has a high water content | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, dips, sauces,
cold soups, smoothies, and juice | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Pickles, tzatziki, raita | BE AWARE:
Can be found in many fragrances and beauty products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin K,
molybdenum, and phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, lignans , avonoids, quercetin, triterpenes). Supports blood clotting,
antioxidant activity, and regulation of inammation. Appears to have specic anticancer benets.
Eggplant DESCRIPTION: An oval shaped vegetable that comes in dierent sizes with dark purple skin and creamy esh that
oxidizes quickly once exposed to oxygen | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Ratatouille, melanzane alla parmigiana, moussaka, baba
ghanoush| BE AWARE: Comes in many dierent varieties, colors, and sizes; also avoid japanese eggplant | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of ber and phytochemicals (e.g. phenolic acids, avonoids). Supports antioxidant
activity, cardiovascular health, and cell membrane integrity.
Endive (Belgian) DESCRIPTION: A green leaf vegetable that belongs to the daisy family | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salad
green mixes, soups, stews; can be raw or cooked. | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Frisee | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin K, and folate. Supports blood clotting, eye health,
and antioxidant activity.
Escarole DESCRIPTION: Escarole has broad, curly green leaves and a slightly bitter avor | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads,
salad green mixes, soups, stews; can be eaten raw or cooked. | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Frisee
| BE AWARE: Related to Belgian endive and curly endive, but is not the same thing | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin K, and folate. Supports blood clotting, eye health, and antioxidant activity.
Fava Bean DESCRIPTION: A green kidney shaped bean that is a member of the pea family | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Soups, salads, dips | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Broadbean, faba bean, horse bean, eld bean,
tic bean, habas | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus,
potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, complex carbohydrates, ber, and protein. Supports gastrointestinal health, and
protein metabolism.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 29
Green Pea DESCRIPTION: Green peas are small, round, starchy vegetables; fresh peas come in a pod and must be
removed to consume | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Vegetarian dishes; used in pot pies, soups, salads and casseroles;
also used to make pea protein powder | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Split peas, snow peas,
eld peas | BE AWARE: Can be found in gluten-free products as a protein| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, folate, C, K, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc,
copper, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, coumestrol, saponins, avonols), complex carbohydrates, ber,
protein, and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Supports blood clotting, antioxidant activity, eye health, and regulation of
inammation.
Iceberg Lettuce DESCRIPTION: Pale Green head of lettuce that is commonly used for salads | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Salads, burgers and sandwiches | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Crisphead| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin K. Supports blood clotting.
Jalapeño Pepper DESCRIPTION: A medium to large size chili pepper | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Nachos, in hot sauce and
many Spanish or Mexican dishes | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Chili pepper | BE AWARE: Come in
dierent colors and forms-pickled, chipotle, sauces | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/
vitamin A, vitamin C, and phytonutrients (e.g. capsaicin). Possesses analgesic properties, helps regulate inammation, and
supports antioxidant activity and eye health.
Kale DESCRIPTION: A form of cabbage that is green in color and slightly bitter in avor. Comes in a few dierent
varieties | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, stews, soups, stungs | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Borecole| BE AWARE: Can be found in mixed green salads in the form of baby kale | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper, manganese,
phytonutrients (e.g. glucosinolates, avonoids, kaempferol, quercetin), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, blood
clotting, detoxication, and eye health. Possesses anticancer properties.
Kelp DESCRIPTION: Alginate, a kelp-derived carbohydrate, is used to thicken products such as ice cream, jelly, salad
dressing, and toothpaste, as well as an ingredient in exotic dog food and in manufactured goods. Several Pacic species
of kelp are very important ingredients in Japanese cuisine. It is used to avor broths and stews, as a savory garnish for
rice and other dishes, as a vegetable. Transparent sheets of kelp are also used as an edible decorative wrapping for rice
and other foods | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Japanese cooking and as a condiment when pickled | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Kombu | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of iodine. Supports thyroid
health.
Kidney Bean DESCRIPTION: Red beans that resemble the shape of a kidney | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Bean dips, bean
our, chili, beans and rice | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Cannellini (white kidney bean), ageolets|
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, folate, K, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium,
zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, phytosterols), complex carbohydrates, ber, and
protein. Supports GI health, blood clotting, protein metabolism, and healthy blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
Leek DESCRIPTION: Resembles a large green onion, more mild in avor. Only the white portions are edible; the green
parts are tough and dry. Must be cleaned well prior to eating as they accumulate sand. Typically eaten cooked |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, broths, stews, salads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Vichyssoise |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, folate, vitamin K, manganese, phytonutrients
(e.g. avonoids, polyphenols, organosulfur compounds). Supports antioxidant activity, detoxication, regulation of
inammation, blood clotting, and cardiovascular and eye health.
Lentil Bean DESCRIPTION: A small disk like legume that comes in many colors, with the most common being red and
green | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, salads, stews, meat substitutes | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Veggie Burger, meatless | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, folate,
pantothenic acid, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum, phytonutrients (e.g.
triterpenoids, avonoids, inositol, sterols), complex carbohydrates, ber, and protein. Supports blood sugar regulation,
cardiovascular health, and GI regularity.
Vegetables & Legumes
30 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Lima Bean DESCRIPTION: Flat, primarily green kidney shaped beans that have a starchy like taste and a grainy texture |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Succotash, spreads, hummus, dips, soups and salads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Butter beans, Madagascar beans, fordhook | BE AWARE: Can be found in many dierent colors | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, folate, vitamin C, vitamin K, iron, magnesium, phosphorus,
potassium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, complex carbohydrates, ber, and protein. Supports antioxidant activity,
blood clotting, and regulation of blood sugar and blood lipids.
Mung Bean DESCRIPTION: Small brownish green beans that look similar to a pea and have small sprouts | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Asian and Indian cuisine, in pastes, soups, stews, salads, desserts; used to make cellophane noodles and crepes |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Moong bean, green gram, golden gram, cellophane noodles | BE AWARE:
Also come in sprout form | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin K and copper. Supports blood
clotting.
Mustard Greens DESCRIPTION: The peppery leafy greens of the mustard plant and are used frequently in Chinese, Japanese,
and Indian cooking. Cooked, they taste a lot like spinach, but with more body. Young mustard greens make great additions
to salads but can also be served cooked | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, soups, stews| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Mustard powder | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of folate, pantothenic acid, vitamin B3,
magnesium, vitamin B1, and potassium. Very good source of iron, vitamin B2, protein, vitamin B6, phosphorus, and dietary
ber. Excellent source of calcium, vitamin E, manganese, copper, vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin K. Hydroxycinnamic acid,
quercetin, isorhamnetin, and kaempferol are among the key antioxidant phytonutrients provided by mustard greens. This
broad spectrum antioxidant support helps lower the risk of oxidative stress in our cells. May help reduce cholesterol levels.
Mustard Seeds DESCRIPTION: The seed of the mustard plant, used whole or ground; used to make the condiment mustard|
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Mustard and common in honey mustard, dijon, dressings, sauces, seasonings, dry rubs, spicy
foods, pickling | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mustard powder | BE AWARE: Three dierent types are
typically used to make the mustard condiment. Black mustard (Brassica nigra) is the most pungent. White mustard (Brassica
alba) is the most mild and is used to make traditional American yellow mustard. Brown mustard (Brassica juncea) is dark
yellow, has a pungent taste, and is used to make Dijon mustard. It is easier to harvest the brown mustard seed than the black
mustard seed, so many mustard condiments now contain brown mustard seed instead of black mustard seed. Used in many
food preparations, read labels | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of manganese, selenium, phosphorus,
magnesium, phytonutrients (e.g. glucosinolates), and omega-3 fatty acids. In addition, mustard greens are a good source of
carotenoids/vitamin A, folate, vitamin C, vitamin K, and ber. Support antioxidant activity, detoxication, cancer prevention,
regulation of inammation, and cardiovascular health.
Navy Bean DESCRIPTION: A small white bean that is typically used in baked bean recipes | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Baked
beans, spreads, dips, salads, soups, stews | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Pearl haricot, pea bean,
yankee bean | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, folate, calcium, iron, magnesium,
phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, phytonutrients (e.g. saponins), complex carbohydrates, ber,
and protein. Support cardiovascular and GI health, antioxidant activity, detoxication, and blood sugar regulation.
Okra DESCRIPTION: Okra is a long, ridged edible seed pod that grows on a plant. Okra is one of the most widely used
vegetables throughout the Caribbean countries, and the southern United States. Okra naturally gelatinizes making it a very
eective thickening agent | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Gumbo, soups and stews; used as a thickening agent | OTHER WORDS
THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Lady nger, bamia| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C,
vitamin K, folate, magnesium, manganese, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, blood clotting, and cardiovascular health.
Onion DESCRIPTION: A base of avor in cooking all over the world. Come in many dierent colors that range in avor from
sweet to pungent | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, stews, relish, stung, salads, salsa, dips, mixed vegetables | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Dry rub | BE AWARE: Comes in the form of powder, salt, akes, and avoring
cubes| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B6, biotin, vitamin C, manganese, sulfur compounds,
phytonutrients (e.g. organosuldes, polyphenols, avonoids, quercetin). Supports cardiovascular and bone health,
antioxidant activity, detoxication, and regulation of inammation.
Vegetables & Legumes
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 31
Parsnip DESCRIPTION: The parsnip is a starchy root vegetable related to the carrot that is pale in color | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Soups, stews, casseroles, purees, sauces | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Root
vegetables | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, folate, magnesium, potassium, manganese,
complex carbohydrates, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular and GI health.
Pinto Bean DESCRIPTION: Pinto Bean is the most common bean in the United States and northwestern Mexico, and is
most often eaten whole in broth or mashed and refried. Either whole or mashed, it is a common lling for burritos. The
young pods may also be used as green beans. Rice and pinto beans served with cornbread or corn tortillas are often a
staple meal | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Burritos, savory dishes, refried beans, chili con carne | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Red Mexican Bean | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6,
folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, phytonutrients (e.g.
avonoids), complex carbohydrates, ber, and protein. Supports GI health, antioxidant activity, and healthy blood lipid
and blood sugar levels.
Portobello Mushroom DESCRIPTION: A large mushroom that is popular in vegetarian dishes. It is high in ber and low
in calories | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Vegetarian dishes as a substitute for hamburger; used in stews, soups, salads,
pizza and casseroles | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Crimini mushrooms | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B2, B3, folate, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, potassium, copper, selenium, ber,
and protein. Supports antioxidant activity, GI health, and protein metabolism.
Radish DESCRIPTION: A bulb type vegetable that is reddish in color with white crisp meat. They have a high water
content, and are rm to the bite | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, soups, dips, spreads | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Crudite | BE AWARE: Can also be consumed in sprout form | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, folate, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, anthocyanins), and ber.
Supports antioxidant activity and GI health.
Red Beet/Beet Sugar DESCRIPTION: A deep red root vegetable that can be eaten boiled either as a cooked vegetable
or cold as a salad. A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilized beets or
into pickles | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pickled beet mixtures, beet juice, soups (borscht), salads, natural food coloring |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Beet sugar, natural food coloring, beet greens, remolacha, beetroot,
betarraga, betterave, fodder beet, garden beet, mangel, mangold | BE AWARE: Items may be sweetened with beet sugar
that is found in yellow and red varieties. In the United States, most sugar beets are genetically engineered | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of folate, manganese, potassium, copper, phytonutrient betalains, and ber.
Supports antioxidant activity, regulation of inammation, and detoxication.
Red leaf/Green Leaf lettuce DESCRIPTION: A lettuce that can vary in color but always is deep red to purple in color
at the top of the leaves or green | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Prepackaged greens, mixed greens salads | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, folate, vitamin K, and manganese. Supports antioxidant
activity and blood clotting.
Rhubarb DESCRIPTION: The stalk is used in mostly sweet preparations and is a vibrant red/ruby in color | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Sauces, preserves, jellies, jams, syrups, sorbets, juices, pies, tarts, puddings, crumbs, pancakes, muns,
strudel | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Da Huang, Rhei | BE AWARE: Top greens of rhubarb should
be avoided in cooking. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of magnesium. Very good source of dietary
ber, vitamin C, vitamin K, calcium, potassium, and manganese.
Romaine lettuce DESCRIPTION: A green lettuce that is hardy and comes in a tall head, with the center being the heart
and much more tender| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Caesar salad, mixed greens salads, and sandwiches | OTHER WORDS
THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Salads, Caesar, mixed greens | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, manganese, molybdenum, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, saponins,
lutein, zeaxanthin), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, and cardiovascular and GI health.
Vegetables & Legumes
32 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Scallions DESCRIPTION: A long, thin stalk that is a member of the onion family and is white at the root end and gradually
becomes green at the top. All parts are edible, but the pale white end is stronger in onion avor while the green tops
are used more for garnish giving a slight onion avor | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, soups, seafood dishes, Latin food
and as garnish | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Green onion, spring onion, salad onion, table onion,
long onion | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, folate,
phytonutrients (e.g. allium compounds) and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, blood clotting, and is protective against
prostate cancer.
Shallots DESCRIPTION: Small and light purple in color, shallots are favored for their mild onion avor and can be
used in the same manner as onions | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, curries, gravy, chutney, soups, stews, pastes,
burger garnish, pickled | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: eschalots, parathas, kachori, pakore | BE
AWARE: Raw shallots can cause irritation to skin, mucus membranes, and eyes. This is due to release ofallyl suldegas
while chopping or slicing them which when comes in contact with wet surface becomes sulfuric acid. Allyl sulde is
concentrated more at the ends, especially at the root end. Its eect can be minimized by immersing the trimmed bulbs
in cold water for a few minutes before you chop or slice them. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamin C, folate, and potassium. Very good source of vitamin A, vitamin B6, and manganese.
Shiitake Mushrooms DESCRIPTION: Shiitake mushrooms are an edible mushroom from Asia | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Stir-fries, soups, meat substitute, broths, and stocks | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Forest
mushroom, lentin, snake butter, miso soup, golden oak, Chinese black mushrooms | BE AWARE: Shiitake mushroom
extracts might stimulate immune function. Theoretically, shiitake mushroom extracts might exacerbate autoimmune
diseases by stimulating disease activity. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of dietary ber, riboavin,
niacin, vitamin B6, zinc, and manganese. Very good source of pantothenic acid, copper, and selenium.
Soybean DESCRIPTION: Soybeans come in green pods and must be removed to eat. They are rm and shaped like a
kidney. | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Prepackaged and processed foods and is a major protein source for oriental cooking
and vegetarian dishes; found in casseroles, soups and stews; comes in the form of oil, paste, cheese, milk, yogurt,
nuts, sauce, ours and more | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Vegetarian or vegan, edamame,
tofu, miso, tempeh, gluten-free, yuba, soja, tamari | BE AWARE: Most US soybean products are GMO; The Federal Food
Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged
food products sold in the U.S. that contain soy as an ingredient must list the word “soy” in plain English, on the label |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B2, B6, folate, vitamin K, calcium, iron, magnesium,
phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, phytonutrients (e.g. inositol, avonoids, isoavones,
phytosterols), omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular and bone health,
and regulation of inammation; may have cancer-preventative properties.
Spaghetti Squash DESCRIPTION: Spaghetti Squash is a yellow and mildly avored winter squash. After cooking, it's esh
separates into spaghetti like strands. It is often used as a substitute for pasta. | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Casseroles and
as pasta substitute | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Vegetable spaghetti | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, niacin, vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, and manganese.
Spinach DESCRIPTION: A green leafy vegetables that comes in fresh or frozen form. It can be eaten in salads raw or
cooked | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, soups, stews, stung, creamed dishes; eaten cooked and raw | OTHER WORDS
THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: "Florentine", vegetable soup | BE AWARE: Boiling for 1 minute is recommended
to reduce concentration of oxalic acid | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A,
vitamins B1, B2, B6, folate, vitamins C, E, and K, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper, manganese, phytonutrients
(e.g. glycoglycerolipids, avonoids), and ber. Supports GI, cardiovascular, and bone health, and antioxidant activity. May
have specic anticancer eects.
Vegetables & Legumes
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 33
Squash (yellow) DESCRIPTION: Yellow squash is harvested while the skin is still tender and the fruit relatively small;
they are consumed almost immediately and require little or no cooking. Squash seeds can be eaten directly, ground into
paste or pressed for vegetable oil | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Stir fries, soups, stews, casseroles, sauces, salads | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Crook neck squash, ratatouille, summer squash | BE AWARE: Much of the
yellow summer squash and zucchini in US is genetically engineered. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of vitamin C, magnesium, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. carotenoids, lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin), ber,
and pectin. Supports antioxidant activity, eye health, and regulation of inammation and blood sugar.
String Bean (Green Bean) DESCRIPTION: There are many varieties e.g. runner, lima and french or haricot beans. French
beans need only be topped and tailed before cooking; runner beans must have their tough skins stripped o even when
they are very young. There is a yellow variety known as wax bean, popular in North America | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Soups, stews, salads, casseroles | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Runner bean, French bean, haricot
vert, snap bean | BE AWARE: The yellow wax bean is a variety of green bean | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, silicon, phytonutrients (e.g. lutein, violaxanthin,
neoxanthin, avonoids, catechins), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, blood clotting, and GI health.
Sweet Potato DESCRIPTION: A root vegetable with skin that is brown/orange in color with bright orange esh;
although it can be found in the white esh variety. Sweet potatoes are most commonly boiled, baked, roasted or
fried | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Baked goods, pies, casseroles, mashes, purees, soups, stews; not related to the white
potato | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Root vegetables, yams (used interchangeably but yam
is a dierent species), boniato | BE AWARE: Can also be found in white or purple color| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin C,
magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, copper, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. cyanidins, anthocyanin, batatins,
batatosides), complex carbohydrates, and ber. Supports cardiovascular and GI health, antioxidant activity, and
regulation of inammation and blood clotting.
Swiss chard DESCRIPTION: Chard is a relative of the beet, grown for its white, eshy chard and its greens, which
resemble spinach | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Gratins, omelettes, soups, stews, salads, sauces, pasta dishes | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mixed greens (baby chard), leafy greens | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, choline, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper,
manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, avonoids, lutein, zeaxanthin, betalains, quercetin, kaempferol, syringic
acid), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, detoxication, blood clotting, and regulation of inammation and blood
sugar.
Taro Root DESCRIPTION: Taro is a root vegetables that looks similar to a sweet potato but with a rough outer skin. It
is primarily grown for its edible starchy corm and as a leaf vegetable | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Chips, can be mashed,
roasted, Hawaiian poi, boiled, stewed | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Kaulau, dasheen, satoimo,
miso, root vegetable, corm | BE AWARE: Can be highly toxic raw, so always consume after cooking. | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of dietary ber, vitamin E, vitamin B6, and manganese.
Tomato DESCRIPTION: Tomatoes can vary in color, shape and size, but the most common variety are red and the
size of a st. They have a high water content and can be tart in avor unless cooked for long periods of time which
enhances their sweetness | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pizza, salsa, soups, stews, sauces, casseroles, sandwiches, and
salads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Marinara, picante, ketchup, chutney, sundried | BE AWARE:
Comes in many dierent varieties, colors and in many forms; always read ingredient labels. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, glycosides,
carotenoids, avonols, avanones, hydroxy- acids, lycopene), and serotonin. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular
health, blood clotting, and healthy blood lipid levels.
Vegetables & Legumes
34 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Turnip DESCRIPTION: Turnips are a starchy root vegetable whose leaves are also consumed | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Stir fry, casseroles, salads, mashes, purees; turnip greens can be found in the same manner as other greens | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Root vegetable | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of vitamin C, phytonutrients (e.g. indoles, isothiocyanates, glucosinolate), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity and
detoxication. Turnip greens provide carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, and manganese.
Wakame Seaweed DESCRIPTION: Wakame seaweed is commonly used either dried or salted, and used in soups
(particularly miso soup), and salads (tofu salad), or often simply as a side dish to tofu and a salad vegetable like
cucumber. These dishes are typically dressed with soy sauce and vinegar/rice vinegar. Goma wakame, also known as
seaweed salad, is a popular side dish at American and European sushi restaurants | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Sushi, as
crackers, seaweed salad, miso soup, wrap, seaweed noodles, dulse akes, seaweed broth | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Sea vegetable, edible seaweed | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin A,
vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K, niacin, pantothenic acid, and phosphorus. Very good source of riboavin, folate, calcium,
iron, magnesium, copper, and manganese.
Water Chestnuts DESCRIPTION: The Chinese water chestnut more often called simply the water chestnut, is a grass-
like sedge grown for its edible corms. The water chestnut is actually not a nut at all, but an aquatic vegetable. They
are a popular ingredient in Chinese dishes. They can also be ground into a our form used for making water chestnut
cake, which is common as part of dim sum cuisine | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Stir-fries, oriental food, juices, raw, canned,
powdered | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: matai, singhara, egg roll | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of dietary ber, riboavin, vitamin B6, potassium, copper, and manganese.
Watercress DESCRIPTION: Watercress is a fast-growing, aquatic or semi-aquatic, perennial plant native from Europe to
central Asia, and one of the oldest known leaf vegetables consumed by human beings | COMMONLY FOUND IN: V8 juice,
salads, soups, sandwiches, savory dishes, and used as a garnish | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Mixed greens, microgreens | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C
vitamin K, phytonutrients (e.g. lutein, zeaxanthin, indoles, isothiocyanates). Referred to as a “powerhouse” vegetable.
Supports antioxidant activity, detoxication, cancer prevention, and blood clotting,
White potato DESCRIPTION: A root vegetable with brown skin and white esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Potato salad,
as french fried, potato chips, potato starch, hash browns, soups, stews, starches, ours; not related to the sweet potato
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Batatas, soup, stew, root vegetables, pommes, rosti, vichysoisse,
gluten-free, gnocchi, modied food starch | BE AWARE: Often used in gluten-free products, and potato starch is used as a
thickener for many sauces, soups and stews | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B3, B6, folate,
pantothenic acid, vitamin C, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, caeic
acid, kukoamines), complex carbohydrates, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and healthy
blood pressure. Baking versus boiling retains minerals best.
Yam DESCRIPTION: A tuber that is rough and scaly; unlike a sweet potato which has smooth skin. Inside can be white,
yellow or purple | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Casseroles, baked, fried, roasted, in salads, cake, breads, stews, soups |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fufu | BE AWARE: Should never be consumed raw due to toxins. It
also must be peeled | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of dietary ber, vitamin B6, potassium, and
manganese. Very good source of vitamin C.
Zucchini Squash DESCRIPTION: A green summer squash that can be eaten raw or cooked | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Casseroles, salads, soups, stews, stung, pasta dishes, sauces, dips, baked goods, breads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Italian squash, courgette, gratin, summer squash | BE AWARE: Much of the yellow summer
squash and zucchini in US is genetically engineered | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C,
magnesium, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. carotenoids, lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin), ber, and pectin.
Supports antioxidant activity, eye health, and regulation of inammation and blood sugar.
Vegetables & Legumes
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 35
Apple DESCRIPTION: Apples come in many sizes and colors and are considered a fall and winter fruit | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Juice, cider, fruit cocktails, juice blends, yogurt, desserts, salads, pie, crisps, cake, apple butter, apple jelly
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Pectin, cider, fruit juice blend, waldorf salad | BE AWARE: Items
labeled no added sugar might be sweetened with apple | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin
C, ber, pectin, and phytonutrients (e.g. quercetin, chlorogenic acid, anthocyanins, kaempferol, myricetin). Supports
healthy blood sugar and blood lipid levels; cardiovascular health; and maintenance of intestinal bacteria. Helps regulate
inammation and may reduce risk of cancer, asthma, and age-related degenerative diseases.
Apricot DESCRIPTION: Apricots are small, golden orange fruits with smooth, sweet but rm esh | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Juice, fruit cocktails, juice blends, jam/jelly, yogurt, desserts, Middle Eastern/Moroccan stews and soups | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Chutney, nectar, fruit preserves | BE AWARE: Dried apricots may be treated
with sultes to extend shelf life | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin
C, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. carotenoids, xanthophylls), and ber. Supports eye health, antioxidant activity, and
regulation of inammation.
Avocado DESCRIPTION: Haas avocados have a dark, leathery skin and a creamy green esh. Florida avocados are larger
with a bright green shiny skin and a green esh that is a bit more rm than a Haas avocado | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Sandwiches, salads, in sushi, baby food, and dips, sauces, and smoothies; also an oil | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Guacamole, avocaditos (cocktail avocado), alligator pear, oil blends | BE AWARE: May be used
in milkshakes, ice cream, and other desserts/baked goods. Associated with latex-fruit allergy syndrome and may cause
cross-reaction | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B6, C, E, K, folate, pantothenic acid,
copper, potassium, ber, phytonutrients (e.g. carotenoids, phytosterols, avonoids), monounsaturated fats, and omega-3
fatty acids. Supports regulation of inammation, blood clotting, and cardiovascular health. Promotes healthy blood sugar
levels and assists in absorption of fat-soluble nutrients. May have unique anticancer benets.
Banana DESCRIPTION: Bananas are a tropical fruit with green to yellow skin and a creamy white esh | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Pastries, cakes, quick breads, baby food, pancakes, desserts, cereals, granola; also ground into a our |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Extract, fruit salad | BE AWARE: Associated with latex-fruit allergy
syndrome and may cause cross-reaction | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B6, manganese,
potassium, serotonin, and ber. Supports cardiovascular health and blood pressure, promotes healthy intestinal bacteria
growth.
Blackberry DESCRIPTION: A large, soft berry that is dark purple/black in color | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Jams, jellies,
preserves, yogurt, pie, pastries, frozen yogurt, smoothies, teas, sauces | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Mixed berries, bramble | BE AWARE: Commonly used as a natural avoring | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins C and K, copper, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols), omega-3 fatty
acids, and ber. Very concentrated source of antioxidants, supports blood clotting and cardiovascular health.
Black Currant DESCRIPTION: A small dark blue berry that grows in clusters and somewhat resembled a blueberry. Rarely
found fresh in the US | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Preserves, liqueurs, and syrups | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Black currant leaf, black currant seed oil | BE AWARE: Commonly used as a natural avoring | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, iron, potassium, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids), gamma
linolenic acid, and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Provides ve times more vitamin C by weight than oranges. Supports
antioxidant activity and cardiovascular health, and helps regulate inammation.
Blueberry DESCRIPTION: A small dark blue berry that is mildly sweet and tart; it is very popular in American cuisine |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Jellies, jams, pies, muns, yogurt, snack foods, cereals, smoothies, and some wines and alcoholic
beverages | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mixed berries, berries, berry avor | BE AWARE: May
be used as a natural coloring, avoring, or sweetener | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C,
vitamin K, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. anthocyanins, hydroxy- acids, avonols, pterostilbene, resveratrol), and ber.
Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, blood clotting, cognitive function, and healthy blood sugar levels.
Fruits
Back to Reference Descriptions
36 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Cantaloupe DESCRIPTION: Cantaloupe is a melon that has thick, rough, veiny looking skin and a bright orange esh |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Fruit salads, soups, sauces, smoothies | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Melon, fruit salad, muskmelon | BE AWARE: Often found in prepared fruit salads | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, and phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, organic acids,
cucurbitacins). Supports antioxidant systems, eye health, and regulation of inammation.
Cherry DESCRIPTION: Fresh cherries are deep red, have a stem attached to them, and still retain the pit | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Pies, jams, baked goods, juice and liqueurs, ice cream, and yogurts | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Sweet cherry, sour cherry , strawberry cherry | BE AWARE: Often used in fragrances, lotions and
soaps | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, ber, and phytonutrients (e.g. anthocyanins,
hydroxycinnamic acid, perillyl alcohol). Supports antioxidant activity and regulation of inammation.
Cranberry DESCRIPTION: Cranberries are bright red berries that are very rm and are typically only eaten when they are
cooked | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Beverages, sauces, trail mixes, chutneys, pies, cobblers, desserts, preserves | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mixed berries, dried fruit, bounceberries, craneberries (early name) | BE
AWARE: Used in some beauty products and fragrances-read labels | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of vitamin C, phytonutrients (e.g. anthocyanins, avonols, urolic acid, benzoic acid, hydroxycinnamic acid), and ber.
Supports antioxidant activity and urinary health. Cranberry is believed to reduce incidence of recurrent urinary tract
infection.
Date DESCRIPTION: Dates are typically dried, brown in color and very sweet | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Sweet and savory
dishes and desserts; common vegan sweetener | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Stoned dates, degle
noor, medjoole, vegan | BE AWARE: High in sugar | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B6,
magnesium, potassium, copper, manganese, and ber. Supports gastrointestinal regularity.
Fig DESCRIPTION: Fresh gs are very perishable and best eaten a day or two after purchase. They come in a variety of
colors, and before eating the stem should be removed. The skin is edible | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Cakes, candies,
syrups, glazes, jams, sauces, beverages, prepackaged cookies | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fruit
cake, fruit pudding | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of potassium and ber. Fig leaves support blood
sugar regulation and cardiovascular health.
Grape DESCRIPTION: Grapes are small fruits that grow on a vine and are high in water content. They vary in color and
and sweetness | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, pies, jams, jellies, juice, balsamic vinegar, and wine. Raisins are dried
grapes found in baked goods, cereals, granola, trail mix, etc. | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Trail
mix, vinaigrette | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, vitamin K, copper, and phytonutrients
(e.g. polyphenols, proanthocyanidins, resveratrol – especially red/purple grapes). Supports blood clotting, eye health, and
antioxidant activity. Reduces chronic venous insuciency, vascular fragility, and edema.
Grapefruit DESCRIPTION: A tart citrus fruit with a thick yellow to pink skin and a white to pink esh | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Juices and salads; common in skin care products | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Grapefruit
seed extract, melogold | BE AWARE: Contains a substance that interacts with a number of medications | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, potassium, phytonutrients (avonoids, limonoids, lycopene-in pink
grapefruit), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, detoxication, healthy blood lipid levels, and cardiovascular health.
Possesses anticancer properties, prevents scurvy.
Guava DESCRIPTION: Guava has a bright green skin with a white to pink colored esh. They can be consumed raw
but are preferred seeded and served sliced as dessert or in salads; however more commonly the fruit is cooked |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Beverages, jams, and other foods. Large quantities of the guava fruit are produced in Brazil,
Colombia, Venezuela, and Mexico | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Amrood,Guajava,Guava
Leaf,Guava Peel,Guava Pulp,Guava SeedGuayaba,Guayabo,Guayave,Koejawel | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of vitamin A, folate, potassium, copper, and manganese. Very good source of dietary ber and vitamin C.
Orally, guava is used for colic, diarrhea, diabetes, cough, cataracts, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
Fruits
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 37
Honeydew (melon) DESCRIPTION: A large melon with white skin and green esh that is mildly sweet | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Fruit salads, cold soups, desserts, sauces | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: honeymelon
| BE AWARE: Can be found in some beauty products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B6,
folate, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. lutein). Very good source of vitamin C. Supports antioxidant activity.
Kiwi DESCRIPTION: A small, sweet, green fruit with black seeds and a brown, fuzzy skin. The skin must be peeled to
consume | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Jellies, fruit smoothies, desserts and tropical drinks | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Chinese gooseberries, pavlova | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of folate,
vitamins C, E, K, potassium, copper, phytonutrients (e.g. carotenoids, avonoids, polyphenols), serotonin, and ber.
Supports antioxidant activity, blood clotting, GI health, and respiratory health. Has the highest concentration of vitamin C
of any fruit.
Lemon DESCRIPTION: A yellow citrus fruit with thick skin and tart yellow esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Sweet and
savory dishes; spreads, dressings, waters, drinks | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Citrus avor,
lemon avoring | BE AWARE: Used for many non culinary purposes such as fragrance, beauty products; used to
prevent enzymatic browning. Read labels. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, copper,
phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, limonoids) Supports antioxidant activity, blood vessel health, and immunity. Prevents
scurvy, has an alkalizing eect on body chemistry, may have anticancer eects.
Lime DESCRIPTION: A green citrus fruit with thick skin and tart green esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Dressings, drinks,
marinades, desserts, ceviche | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Citrus avoring | BE AWARE: Used
for many non culinary purposes such as fragrance, beauty products; used to prevent enzymatic browning. Read labels.
| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, limonoids). Supports
antioxidant activity, blood vessel health, and immunity. Prevents scurvy, has an alkalizing eect on body chemistry, may
have anticancer eects.
Lychee DESCRIPTION: Lychee is a small reddish skinned fruit with a white translucent esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Alcoholic beverages, fresh, canned, dried, juices | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: litchi, liechee, lizhi,
li zhi, litchi nuts, lychee nuts, Chinese cherry, leechee | BE AWARE: Can potentially interact with antidiabetes medications
and immunosuppressants | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of copper. Very good source of vitamin C.
Orally, lychee fruit is used for cough, fever, pain, and as a tonic and diuretic.
Mango DESCRIPTION: Mangos are a medium sized fruit with varying color skin from green to red and a mix of both.
The esh is vibrant orange and sweet, revealing a large pit inside that must be delicately cut around | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Chutney, salsa, jams , preserves, smoothies, desserts, sauces, salads, teas | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Amchoor | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamins A ,
vitamin B12,vitamin C, phytonutrients (e.g. phenols), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity and possesses anticancer
properties.
Mulberry DESCRIPTION: Mulberries resemble a blackberry but longer in length | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Jams,
jellies, salads, desserts, teas, and pies | BE AWARE: Can potentially interact with antidiabetes medications | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of dietary ber, riboavin, magnesium, and potassium, Very good source of
vitamin C, vitamin K, and iron.
Nectarine DESCRIPTION: Nectarines resemble a peach but are smaller with a smooth red skin and more golden esh
| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Jams, jellies, salads, desserts and pies | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Fruit salad | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin B3, vitamin C,
potassium, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, and cardiovascular and eye health.
Fruits
38 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Olive DESCRIPTION: Olives are small fruits that grow on trees that come in a variety of colors such as black, green, and brown
| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, pastas, pizzas, brines, marinades, packaged products, breads, baked items| OTHER WORDS
THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Puttanesca, tapenade | BE AWARE: Found in many varieties | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin E, copper, iron, ber, monounsaturated oleic acid, phytonutrients (e.g. phenols, avones,
avonols, triterpenes, hydroxy- acids, oleuropein, anthocyanins). Supports cardiovascular health, antioxidant activity,
detoxication, and regulation of inammation.
Orange DESCRIPTION: A round fruit that varies in size with bright orange thick skin and sweet orange esh | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Salads, dressings, marmalades, desserts, sauces, marinades, liqueurs, avoring, juices and as an aromatic
oil | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Citrus avor | BE AWARE: Commonly found in beauty products,
fragrances | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B1, folate, vitamin C, potassium, phytonutrients
(e.g. polyphenols, avones, anthocyanins, hydroxy- acids), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health,
regulation of inammation, and immunity. Prevents scurvy.
Papaya DESCRIPTION: A tropical fruit with yellow/green skin and pink esh; contains a cluster of black seeds in the center |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Fruit juices, smoothies, desserts, salsas, and sauces | BE AWARE: The enzyme papain is extracted
from papaya and used in skincare products; also used as a digestive enzyme | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, folate, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, lycopene), protein-digesting
enzymes, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, regulation of inammation, and digestive, cardiovascular, eye, and immune
health.
Peach DESCRIPTION: Peaches are round stone fruits with reddish orange fuzzy skin and light orange esh. Very sweet and
soft to the bite when in season | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Baked goods, pies, fruit juices, preserves, salads and sauces |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Cobbler, fruit salad | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin B3, vitamin C, potassium, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, and cardiovascular and
eye health.
Pear DESCRIPTION: Pears come in many dierent varieties and colors such as green, brown and red. The most common is
with a green outer skin (Bartlett Pear) and white juicy esh. The esh tends to have a grainy texture and when ripe is very soft
and sweet | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Fruit juices, desserts, fruit salad, salads, sauces and preserves | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fruit cocktail | BE AWARE: Pear juice is often used as a base for other fruit juices | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, copper, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, avonoids, quercetin,
epicatechin, hydroxy- acids), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity and GI health. Possesses anticancer properties.
Persimmon DESCRIPTION: A small round fruit that somewhat resembles a tomato that is orange to red brown in color |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Cookies, cakes, muns, puddings, salads, fresh, dried, and topping for cereal | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: sujeonggwa, gamsikcho | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C. Very
good source of dietary ber, vitamin A, and manganese. Anti-infective, anti-inammatory and anti-hemorrhagic (prevents
bleeding from small blood vessels) properties.
Pineapple DESCRIPTION: A large tropical fruit that has brown rough, thick, thorny skin that must be cut o to eat. The esh
is yellow, sweet and tangy | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pizza, fruit salads, desserts, salads, sauces | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fruit cocktail, fruit salad, tropical, ananas | BE AWARE: Contains enzyme bromelain which is used
in skin care products, fragrances, beauty products, and digestive supplements | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamin B1, vitamin C, copper, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, bromelain), serotonin, and ber.
Supports antioxidant activity and digestion.
Plum DESCRIPTION: A small stone fruit with deep purple waxy skin and creamy white to orange colored esh | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Preserves, compotes, desserts, sauces, salads, and plum vinegar | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Prunes | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin
K, potassium, phytonutrients (e.g. phenols, avonoids, chlorogenic acid), serotonin, and ber. Supports GI, eye, and
cardiovascular health; antioxidant activity; and blood clotting. Enhances iron absorption.
Fruits
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 39
Pomegranate DESCRIPTION: Pomegranate is a red colored fruit with a large amount of ruby seeds within white stringy
esh. The seeds are consumed raw and the juice can be obtained as well | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Beverages, jams,
yogurts, smoothies, salads, sauces, and baked goods | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Tropical,
antioxidant, sweet and sour sauce, free of cane sugar sweetener, anardana | BE AWARE: Juice is reduced to make
pomegranate molasses | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, C, K, folate, phosphorus,
potassium, copper, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, anthocyanins, ellagitannins), and ber. Supports
antioxidant activity, blood clotting, cardiovascular and GI health. May have specic anticancer properties.
Pumpkin DESCRIPTION: Pumpkin is a winter squash that is round with smooth, slightly ribbed deep yellow to orange
skin. The inside if lled with seeds and orange esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pies, breads, sauces, desserts, and soups
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fall vegetables, squash medley, winter squash | BE AWARE: Pepitas
are the seeds of pumpkin and can be found in trail mixes, granola, salads, soups | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamins B2, C, E, potassium, copper, manganese, complex carbohydrates, and
ber. Supports GI health, eye health, and antioxidant activity.
Raspberry DESCRIPTION: Raspberries are small, soft red berries that are very perishable while mildly sweet and tart
| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Purees, juices, teas, preserves, smoothies, sauces, salads, pie llings, desserts and yogurts
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mixed berries, coulis | BE AWARE: Also comes in golden and
black varieties | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, vitamin K, magnesium, manganese,
phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, avonoids, anthocyanins, raspberry ketone), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity,
regulation of inammation, cardiovascular health, regulation of blood sugar, and cancer prevention.
Star Fruit DESCRIPTION: Star fruit is a tropical fruit whose skin is waxy and yellow to green in color with ve deep ridges
down the sides. When sliced, the fruit is shaped like a star and is mostly eaten raw | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads,
sorbets, drinks, to impart tart avor in the dish, stews, curries, stir-fries, sauce, pickled, chutney, tarts, jam. Consumed
fresh, canned, and dried | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Carambola, belimbing manis, mafueng,
kamkrah, Chinese starfruit, star apple, ve angled fruit, ve lobed yellow fruit | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of pantothenic acid and potassium. Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin C, and copper.
Strawberry DESCRIPTION: A bright red berry that varies in size and is incredibly popular for it's sweetness when in
season | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Many dishes including preserves, baked goods, desserts, yogurts, salads, sauces |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fruit salad, mixed berries, coulis, shortcake | BE AWARE: Sometimes
a dried ingredient in cereals, granola, baked goods. Also used in fragrances and liqueurs | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin C, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, anthocyanins, hydroxy- acids,
ellagic acid, ellagitannins, avonols, resveratrol, terpenoids), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular
health, cancer prevention, and regulation of blood sugar and inammation.
Tangerine DESCRIPTION: The tangerine is an orange-colored citrus fruit which is closely related to the mandarin orange.
Tangerines are smaller than common oranges, and are usually easier to peel and to split into segments. The taste is
considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger, than that of an orange | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Fresh, raw,
canned | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mandarin, swatow orange, bergamota, gan ju | BE AWARE:
Can be a avoring for gums and candies | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of dietary ber. Very good
source of vitamin A and vitamin C.
Watermelon DESCRIPTION: A large melon with a thick yellow and green patterned rind and juicy red esh with
black seeds | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salad, smoothies, soups and desserts | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Fruit salad, melon | BE AWARE: Often a avoring for gums and candies; scented soaps and lotions |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C citrulline (amino acid), and
phytonutrients (e.g. triterpenoids, and lycopene and beta-carotene if fully ripened). Supports antioxidant activity,
regulation of inammation, and cardiovascular health.
Fruits
40 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Meats
Beef DESCRIPTION: Beef is the culinary name for meat from bovines, especially domestic cattle. Beef is one of the principal
meats used in the Cuisine of Australia, European cuisine and cuisine of the Americas, and is also important in Africa, East
Asia, and Southeast Asia | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Meatloaf, pot roast, short ribs, ground, hamburger, steaks, used in
broth, stock, bouillon, beef franks, pastrami, brisket, corned beef, soups, stew, short ribs | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Gelatin, Bovine, sausage, hot dog, jerky | BE AWARE: Some dietary supplements use a gelatin
casing; ("Gelatin" could be a beef or pork source, unless specied "vegetarian") | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamins B1, B3, B6, B12, choline, iron, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, and protein. Supports protein metabolism and
liver function. May have detrimental eects in excess; organic and grass-fed preferred.
Bison (Bualo) DESCRIPTION: Similar to beef but much leaner | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Stews, also ground for burgers
and chili, and served as grilled steaks and roasts | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Grass fed, burger,
stew | BE AWARE: Bualo is typically referring to bison | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B12
iron, and protein. Bison is often grass fed which will increase its omega-3 fatty acid content. Supports protein metabolism
and regulation of inammation.
Chicken DESCRIPTION: Chicken is a poultry and because of its relatively low cost, chicken is one of the most used meats
in the world. Nearly all parts of the bird can be used for food, and the meat is cooked in many dierent ways around
the world | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soup, broths, stocks, stews, salads, bouillon, prepackaged/precooked items, read
labels. Prepared in various cooking methods such as roasted, baked, grilled, fried. | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Poultry, fowl, broiler, fryer, roaster, capon Cornish hen, squab | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of vitamins B2, B3, B6, pantothenic acid, choline, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, and protein. Supports protein
metabolism, antioxidant activity, and liver function. Research suggests that organically-raised chickens have increased
omega-3 content. Increasing pasture activity directly increases health quality of the meat as well.
Chicken Liver DESCRIPTION: The liver of a chicken | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pate; often fried , chopped, sautéed or
baked | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Pate, pate en croute, terrine | BE AWARE: High in cholesterol|
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins A, B2, B3, B6, B12, folate, pantothenic acid, choline, iron,
selenium, and protein. Supports protein metabolism, antioxidant activity, and liver function.
Duck DESCRIPTION: Duck is a poultry and dierent from chicken in that the muscle is darker with a higher fat content
| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Many dishes around the world including Peking duck, Duck L'Orange | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Cont, foie gras, pate, chopped liver | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, pantothenic acid, iron, phosphorus, zinc, copper, selenium, and protein. Supports protein
metabolism and antioxidant activity.
Lamb DESCRIPTION: A young sheep, tender red meat with a very distinct avor | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Kebabs, gyros,
burgers, stews | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mutton, spring lamb | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B3, B12, phosphorus, zinc, selenium, and protein. If 100% grass-fed, a good source of
omega-3 and conjugated linoleic acid. Supports protein metabolism, antioxidant activity, and regulation of inammation (if
grass-fed).
Pork DESCRIPTION: Meat that comes from a pig; one of the most regulated meats available at this time | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Soups, stews, pasta dishes, BBQ, pizza, breakfast meats, salads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Bacon, ham, hot dogs, sausages, pastrami, bologna, salami, pepperoni, chorizo, sopressata, meatballs,
choucroute | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, phosphorus, potassium,
zinc, selenium. Supports antioxidant activity and protein metabolism.
Turkey DESCRIPTION: Turkey is a poultry that is very similar to chicken but much larger | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups,
stews, casseroles, cold cuts, sausages, bacon, salad and sandwiches, and Thanksgiving | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Cold cut, turkey bacon , turkey sausage, poultry | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamins B3, B6, choline, phosphorus, zinc, selenium, and protein. Supports antioxidant activity and protein
metabolism. Pasture-raised provides increased omega-3 fatty acids.
Back to Reference Descriptions
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 41
Meats
Veal DESCRIPTION: A baby cow; meat is not yet red like an adult cow and much more tender | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Soups, stews, braised dishes, grilled | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Meatloaf, meatballs,
cordon bleu, marengo, osso bucco, parmigiana, piccata, scaloppine, oscar, orlo, sweetbreads | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B2, B3, B6, B12, pantothenic acid, choline, phosphorus, zinc, and selenium.
Supports antioxidant activity and protein metabolism.
Venison DESCRIPTION: The meat of a deer or other game meat; considered very distinctive in avor | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Soups, stews, braised dishes, roasted dishes, casseroles | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Game meat, hunting meat | BE AWARE: The name Venison is commonly associated with deer meat, but can include
moose, elk, caribou and antelope | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12,
iron, phosphorus, zinc, and selenium. Supports antioxidant activity and protein metabolism.
42 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Cow's Milk DESCRIPTION: Mammalian milk that is high in protein; very popular for human consumption for protein
needs | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Plain milk, yogurt, ice cream, baked goods, desserts, sauces, soups, stews, cheese |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Lacto/lacta, cream, butter, cheese, sour cream, ice cream, cream
cheese, ker, whey, casein, lactose-free milk | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection
Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain
milk as an ingredient must list the word “Milk” in plain English, on the label. Much of the milk in the US is from cows
treated with genetically engineered recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH) although that is not revealed on the
label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B2, B12, vitamin D (if fortied), iodine, calcium,
phosphorus,and protein. If grass-fed, milk can be a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin E, beta-carotene,
phytonutrients (e.g. isoavones), short- and medium-chain fatty acids, and conjugated linoleic acid). Supports bone and
thyroid health, immune function, antioxidant activity, and protein metabolism.
Egg White DESCRIPTION: Egg white is the common name for the clear liquid contained within an egg. Its primary natural
purpose is to protect the egg yolk and provide additional nutrition for the growth of the embryo, as it is rich in proteins
and is of high nutritional value | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Meringues, soués, mousse, quiche, omelets, baked goods,
pasta, glazes and margarines, ice creams | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Albumen, powdered egg
whites | BE AWARE: Used to make glazes, margarines, mayonnaise and ice cream | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of vitamin B2, selenium, and protein. Supports protein metabolism and antioxidant activity. Pasture-raised
are believed to be more nutritious. Raw egg white binds biotin.
Egg Yolk DESCRIPTION: An egg yolk is the part of an egg which serves as the food source for the developing embryo
inside. It is sometimes separated from the egg white and used in cooking | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Mayonnaise,
custards, mousse, hollandaise sauce, béarnaise, sauces, crème brulee, baked goods, margarine, glazes, ovalbumin,
lecithin | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Powdered eggs | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of vitamin B12, biotin, choline, selenium, molybdenum, iodine, and protein. May have increased content of
omega-3 fatty acids if pastured or supplemented. Supports protein metabolism, antioxidant activity, thyroid health, and
liver function.
Goat's Milk DESCRIPTION: Goat milk can successfully replace cow milk in diets of those who are allergic to cow milk.
However, like cow milk, goat milk has lactose (sugar) and may cause gastrointestinal problems for individuals with lactose
intolerance. It also contains a form of casein, a protein in all mammal milk | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Cheeses, butter,
ice cream, yogurt and other dairy products | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Chevre, feta cheese
| BE AWARE: Common in natural soaps and lotions | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B2,
calcium, phosphorus, and potassium. May be tolerated by those intolerant to cow's milk.
Lactose DESCRIPTION: Lactose is a sugar found naturally in milk | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Milk and other dairy
products, used to sweeten some items and may also be added to certain pharmaceuticals | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Lactose intolerance and lactose sensitivity are dierent adverse reactions. The Alcat Test
detects a sensitivity to lactose not an intolerance to it, which can be tested via breath testing.
Sheep's Milk DESCRIPTION: Sheep’s Milk is used predominantly in cheese and yogurt. Well-known cheeses made from
sheep milk include the Feta of Greece, Roquefort of France, Pecorino Romano and Ricotta from Italy | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Cheeses, butter, ice cream, yogurt and other dairy products | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Ewe milk | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of protein, riboavin, vitamin B12, calcium, and
phosphorus.
Dairy & Eggs
Back to Reference Descriptions
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 43
Seafood
Anchovy DESCRIPTION: Small common, saltwater forage sh that are very popular for their price. Often found packed
in cans and used for their mild briny avors in dishes | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pizza, in salads, sauces, pastas |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fish sauce, Caesar, Worcestershire, steak sauce, sh oil, nicoise |
BE AWARE: Some brands use anchovy to make sh oil supplements. The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer
Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S.
that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of potassium, selenium, iron, unsaturated fat, omega-3 fatty acids,
and protein. Low in mercury. Supports protein metabolism, cardiovascular health, and regulation of inammation.
Catsh DESCRIPTION: Catsh is a sh with "whiskers", called barbels, that varies in size. The most commonly eaten
species in the United States are the channel catsh and blue catsh, both of which are common in the wild and
increasingly widely farmed | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups and stews or cooked alone | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fried sh, hog sh | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection
Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain
sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B2, B12, pantothenic acid, vitamin D, phosphorus, potassium,
selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports cardiovascular health, detoxication, and protein metabolism.
Clam DESCRIPTION: Clam is a term for any bivalve mollusk; varies in color, size and shape | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Seafood dishes, pastas, soups, and stews | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mollusk, shellsh,
bouillabaisse | BE AWARE: Molluscan shellsh are not considered major allergens by the FALCPA and therefore not
subject to allergen labeling requirements | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins A, B1, B2, B3,
B12, C, folate, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, protein, and omega-3 fatty
acids (634 mg/cup). Supports protein metabolism, antioxidant activity, and regulation of inammation.
Codsh DESCRIPTION: A white sh with dense, mild avored aky esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Fast food, frozen
sh sticks, smoked sh dips; dried and salted | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Scrod | BE AWARE:
Codsh is often a sh used in sh oil supplements. The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act
(FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain
sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B3, B6, B12, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium,
omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports protein metabolism, antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and
regulation of inammation.
Crab DESCRIPTION: A crustacean that comes in many varieties that has prized white, mildly sweet esh | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Salads, stews, soups, sushi, crab cakes, gumbo | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Shellsh, crustacean, some glucosamine and chitosan supplements are produced from crustacean shells | BE AWARE:
The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires
that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain crustacean shellsh as an ingredient must list the specic
species (e.g. crab, lobster, shrimp) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamins B3, B6, B12, E, folate, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids,
and protein. Supports protein metabolism, cardiovascular health, and regulation of inammation.
Flounder (left-eyed) DESCRIPTION: Flounder are a atsh species and encompass a variety of species of sh. They are
known for their delicate, white aky esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Seafood dishes and stews | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Flatsh | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act
(FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain
sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B3, B6, B12, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, omega-3
fatty acids, and protein. Low in mercury. Supports protein metabolism, cardiovascular health, and regulation of
inammation.
Back to Reference Descriptions
44 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Seafood
Grouper DESCRIPTION: The average size of a grouper is between 5 to 15 pounds. They have a lean, rm esh. Due to
a strongly avored skin, it is preferable to remove the skin before cooking. | COMMONLY FOUND IN: soups, stews,
cooked alone | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: baked sh, broiled sh, fried sh, poached sh,
steamed sh | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect
in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list
the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamins B3, B12, E, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, copper, selenium, astaxanthin, and
protein. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and protein metabolism.
Haddock DESCRIPTION: Similar to cod, haddock has a dense white aky esh that is slightly sweet | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: "Fish and Chips"; often used in omega-3 supplements | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Scrod, smoked sh dip | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA)
which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an
ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B3, B6, B12, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, omega-3 fatty
acids, and protein. Supports antioxidant activity, detoxication, regulation of inammation, protein metabolism, and
cardiovascular health.
Halibut DESCRIPTION: Halibut is a atsh that has dense and rm texture with white esh that is ultra low in fat content
| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Entrees, soups, stews, dips, and ceviche | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Flatsh | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect
in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must
list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of vitamins B3, B6, B12, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein.
Supports protein metabolism, cardiovascular health, and regulation of inammation.
Lobster DESCRIPTION: Once a peasant food, lobster is a crustacean that is prized for it's rm, sweet esh | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Lobster bisque, salads, soups, lobster roll | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Tomalley
(lobster liver), coral (eggs) | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA)
which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain crustacean
shellsh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. crab, lobster, shrimp) in plain English, on the label. |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B3, B12, E, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium,
zinc, copper, selenium, astaxanthin, and protein. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and protein
metabolism.
Mackerel DESCRIPTION: Mackerel is a rm eshed oil rich sh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Smoked sh dip, stews, soups
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Fish oil supplements | BE AWARE: Mercury can be a concern. The
Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires
that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g.
bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B2,
B3, B6, B12, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports detoxication,
cardiovascular health, and regulation of inammation. King mackerel is high in mercury.
Mahi Mahi DESCRIPTION: A rm white eshed sh that is slightly sweet and extensively popular | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Entrée, in dips, spreads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Dolphin or dorado | BE AWARE: The
Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires
that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass,
ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B3, B6,
B12, pantothenic acid, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports
cardiovascular health, detoxication, regulation of inammation, and protein metabolism.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 45
Seafood
Mussel DESCRIPTION: A bivalve mollusk that is commonly found with a black to dark green shell | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Seafood stews, soups, pastas | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Bouillabaisse, paëlla | BE AWARE:
Molluscan shellsh are not considered major allergens by the FALCPA and therefore not subject to allergen labeling
requirements. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B12, folate, iron, phosphorus,
zinc, manganese, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports cardiovascular health, antioxidant activity,
detoxication, and regulation of inammation.
Oyster DESCRIPTION: The oyster is a mollusk that lives in long irregular shaped shells and is often eaten raw |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, stews, sandwiches, stungs | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Po
Boy, Rockefeller, gumbo, fra diavolo | BE AWARE: Molluscan shellsh are not considered major allergens by the FALCPA
and therefore not subject to allergen labeling requirements | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B12, C, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, manganese, selenium, and omega-3 fatty
acids. Supports cardiovascular health, detoxication, and regulation of inammation.
Salmon DESCRIPTION: Salmon is a very popular sh with rm, pink, aky esh and a very distinct avor | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Salads, dips, spreads, sushi, entrees | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Lox, gravlax,
coulibiac, roe, coho, smoked | BE AWARE: Salmon roe is becoming increasingly popular; there are many varieties of
salmon. The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006,
requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species
(e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1,
B3, B6, B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, choline, vitamin D, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, iodine, omega-3 fatty acids,
bioactive peptides, and protein. Nutrient prole varies with source and species. Supports regulation of inammation,
protein metabolism, and cardiovascular, bone, and thyroid health.
Sardine DESCRIPTION: Sardines are small, saltwater, oily sh that are most often found canned due to being extremely
perishable | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Tomato sauces, mustard sauces, dressings | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Sprat, pilchards, herring | BE AWARE: Often minced or pureed to add avor; read labels.The Federal Food
Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged
food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod)
in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B2, B3, B6, B12, vitamin
D, vitamin E, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, copper, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids,
and protein. Supports cardiovascular health, bone health, antioxidant activity, regulation of inammation, and protein
metabolism.
Scallop DESCRIPTION: Scallops are mollusks but unlike clams, oysters and mussels are more often eaten out of their
shell. Their white meat is rm and sweet when cooked | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Seafood dishes, sauces, soups, stews
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Bay, diver, sea scallops | BE AWARE: Also available dried to add
avor to dishes. Molluscan shellsh are not considered major allergens by the FALCPA and therefore not subject to
allergen labeling requirements | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B12, choline, calcium,
iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports
antioxidant activity, cardiovascular, thyroid, and bone health, and regulation of inammation.
Sea Bass DESCRIPTION: Many species of sh are called sea bass; all having mildly sweet, buttery avored white aky
esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Entrees, soups, stews, dips, and ceviche | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Black and striped are true sea bass; white and giant are not | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling
and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products
sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English,
on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B6, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium,
omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and protein metabolism.
46 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Seafood
Shrimp DESCRIPTION: A commonly eaten crustacean that comes in many sizes and colors; cooks quickly and the esh is
sweet and rm | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Entrees, soups, salads, sauces, stews; also comes in dried and in paste form |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Shellsh, seafood pot, boil, gumbo; sometimes used interchangeably
with prawns | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect
in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain crustacean shellsh as an
ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. crab, lobster, shrimp) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B3, B12, choline, iron, phosphorus, selenium, carotenoid astaxanthin, omega-3
fatty acids, and protein. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular and immune health, protein metabolism, and
regulation of inammation.
Snapper (red) DESCRIPTION: Snapper is a very popular sh that comes in many varieties. It's esh is aky and white |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Entrees, soups, stews, dips, pasta's | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Over
250 species of snapper exist | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA)
which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an
ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B6, B12, pantothenic acid, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium,
omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and protein metabolism.
Sole DESCRIPTION: Sole is often confused with ounder; a highly prized sh that is white, aky and light | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Entrees, soups, stews, sauces | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Flatsh, dover, thickback,
partridge, sand sole are all true sole | BE AWARE: True sole is from Europe; American ounder is incorrectly labeled as
sole. The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006,
requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species
(e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins
B3, B6, B12, D, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports antioxidant
activity, cardiovascular health, and protein metabolism.
Squid DESCRIPTION: Most known as calamari, which is the prepared squid tentacles. They are white, rm and
somewhat chewy | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Seafood dishes, soups, stews, sauces; squid ink can be used to color and
avor sauces and pastas | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Calamari, seafood chowder/gumbo | BE
AWARE: Molluscan shellsh are not considered major allergens by the FALCPA and therefore not subject to allergen
labeling requirements | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B2, B12, phosphorus, copper,
selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports cardiovascular health, antioxidant activity, protein metabolism, and
regulation of inammation.
Swordsh DESCRIPTION: Swordsh comes in "steaks" because their white esh is very thick and meaty; does not ake
like a mild white sh does | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Seafood dishes or cooked alone as a "steak" | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Broadbills | BE AWARE: Mercury levels are a concern. The Federal Food Allergen Labeling
and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products
sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English,
on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B3, B6, B12, phosphorus, potassium, zinc,
selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. Supports cardiovascular health, antioxidant activity, protein metabolism, and
regulation of inammation.
Tilapia DESCRIPTION: Tilapia is a common freshwater sh with aky white esh that is mild in avor | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Stews, soups, ceviche, seafood dishes | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: White sh, St.
Peter's sh, Hawaiian sunsh | BE AWARE: Usually aquacultured. The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer
Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S.
that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B3, B12, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, and protein.
Supports antioxidant activity and protein metabolism.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 47
Seafood
Trout DESCRIPTION: A freshwater sh whose esh is white to light pink in color and mild in avor | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Seafood dishes, fried dishes, dips, smoked | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: White sh, comes in
many varieties | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect
in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list
the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, manganese, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids, and
protein. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, regulation of inammation, and protein metabolism.
Tuna DESCRIPTION: Tuna comes in many species. When cooked, tuna is very dense and called a "steak". A delicacy
eaten raw and considered a fatty sh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads or snacks; used in sushi and often sold as tuna
steaks; can be fresh or canned | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Albacore, bluen, bigeye, pacic,
Atlantic, blackn, longtail or yellown | BE AWARE: Mercury is a concern. The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and
Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in
the U.S. that contain sh as an ingredient must list the specic species (e.g. bass, ounder, cod) in plain English, on the
label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B3, B6, B12, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium,
selenium, and omega-3 fatty acids. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and regulation of inammation.
Amaranth DESCRIPTION: A small round shaped gluten free grain that when cooked has a creamy texture and is slightly
sweet | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads and hot/cold breakfast cereals; the seeds can be ground into our for breads
and baked goods | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Whole grains, ancient grains, gluten-free | BE
AWARE: May be found in pre-packaged gluten-free items and mixes | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of vitamin B6, folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, phytosterols,complex
carbohydrates, ber, lysine, methionine, and protein. Containing all essential amino acids, amaranth is considered a
complete protein. Supports antioxidant activity, regulation of inammation, protein metabolism, healthy blood pressure
and blood lipids.
Arrowroot DESCRIPTION: A white starch that is very powdery and used as a thickener in gluten free cooking. |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pre-packaged gluten-free items and mixes; may be in baby foods and infant formulas | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: arrowroot starch, arrowroot our, uraro, arruruz, araru, cara maco, sago,
yuquill | BE AWARE: Arrowroot powder is used as a thickening agent in food industries. Fresh tender arrowroot can be
eaten raw and in cooking as you may use it in a way like any other tubers. However, mature roots are exceedingly brous
and thus, less appetizing. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of thiamin, niacin, iron, phosphorus,
potassium, manganese. Very good source of vitamin B6 and folate.
Barley DESCRIPTION: A gluten containing grain that is light brown in color and rm to the bite | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Flour, pasta, bread, muns, soups, stews, hot cereal, prepared salads, candies. Used as an ingredient in beer, alcoholic
beverages, coee substitutes, hulled barley, pearl barley, pot/scotch barley, barley akes, barley grits | OTHER WORDS
THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Flour, gluten, beer, scotch broth, whiskey, whole grain, hot cereal | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B3, manganese, selenium, iron, beta glucan, complex carbohydrates,
and ber. Supports healthy cholesterol levels and promotes GI regularity.
Buckwheat DESCRIPTION: A gluten free grain with small brown groats that have a very distinct avor and texture |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pancake mixes, buckwheat noodles, and buckwheat our | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Buckwheat, kasha, gluten-free our blends, gluten-free crackers | BE AWARE: A gluten-free seed, used
as a grain | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, folate, pantothenic acid, iron,
magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids), ber, and
protein. Supports cardiovascular health and blood sugar regulation. May reduce risk of gallstones.
Corn DESCRIPTION: A gluten free grain with yellow kernels that come on a cob inside of a husk | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Corn our, corn grits, corn oil, corn meal, corn starch, popcorn; some alcohol is derived from corn; found in mixed
vegetables, soups, stews, sauces, purees | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Maize, hominy, gluten-
free (check labels) | BE AWARE: Most corn produced in US is genetically modied, registered as a pesticide | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B3, B6, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper manganese,
selenium, phytonutrients (anthocyanins, lutein, zeaxanthin, and others), complex carbohydrates, ber. Supports GI
function (although GMO corn may negatively aect GI tract).
Millet DESCRIPTION: A gluten free small round grain that is pale yellow in color and mild in avor much like rice |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Hot cereal, pilaf, ours, puddings, cakes, and breads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: gluten-free | BE AWARE: Can be in gluten-free our mixes | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamin B1, B3, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, complex carbohydrates, and protein.
Supports cardiovascular health, blood sugar regulation, and protein metabolism.
Oat DESCRIPTION: Oats can come in a processed form of rolled oats which are light brown akes or in the less
processed form of steel cut which are small and round and take longer to cook | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Breakfast
foods, granola, baked goods, our blends, crackers, and cookies | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
gluten-free, whole grain | BE AWARE: Can be processed with gluten- grains so if gluten intolerant make sure to purchase
certied gluten-free oat products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B1, magnesium,
phosphorus, copper, zinc, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, ber, and protein. Supports cardiovascular and GI
health, and protein metabolism.
48 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Back to Reference Descriptions
Grains & Starches
Quinoa DESCRIPTION: A red or white seed, used as a gluten free grain. It has a distinct avor when cooked. Quinoa
should be rinsed before cooking. | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Gluten-free prepackaged goods, cereals, crackers, salads,
our | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: gluten-free, whole grain, ancient grain | BE AWARE: Can
be ground into our, and may be in gluten-free our blends | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamins B1, B2, folate, vitamin E, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. hydroxy-
acids, avonoids, quercetin, saponins), protein, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, regulation of inammation, and
protein metabolism.
RIce (Brown/White) DESCRIPTION: A gluten free, oblong shaped grain that come in many colors | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Soups, stews, salads, crackers, cookies, puddings, breads, pastas, vinegars, ours, gluten free foods, rice cakes |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: gluten-free, yellow rice, Spanish rice, rice syrup, brown rice
syrup, rice bran, pilaf, risotto, rice our, congee, jollof, waakye | BE AWARE: Major source of our in gluten-free foods
| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Brown rice is a good source of vitamins B1, B3, B6, magnesium, phosphorus,
copper, manganese, selenium, phytonutrients (e.g. phenolic acids, lignans, phytoestrogens), complex carbohydrates, and
ber. Supports antioxidant activity, blood sugar regulation, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular health. Some preliminary
research suggests that brown rice that is germinated to contain higher levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) might
have enhanced therapeutic eects.
Rye DESCRIPTION: Rye is a gluten containing grain that is small, long, thin and light brown in color with a very distinct
avor | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Bread, our, cereals, crackers, whiskey and some vodkas | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Pumpernickel | BE AWARE: Gluten-containing grain. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, avonoids, phytic acid, phenolic lipids), complex carbohydrates, and
ber. Supports antioxidant activity and gastrointestinal health, may have cancer-preventative eects.
Sorghum DESCRIPTION: A gluten free grain that is o white in color, round in shape, and larger than rice or millet.
Sorghum has a mild avor similar to rice and millet | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Gluten free cereals, breads, and baked
goods. More commonly seen as a our, but does exist as a whole grain | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Sorghum syrup, sorghum molasses, whole grain, ancient grain, gluten free | BE AWARE: Widely used in
gluten free beers and as a "cane sugar free" sweetener, and comes in a variety of colors | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of thiamin, niacin, riboavin, and contains high levels of magnesium, iron, copper, calcium,
phosphorus, potassium, protein and ber; supports digestive health, bone health, a healthy metabolism, and helps
controls blood sugar.
Spelt DESCRIPTION: Spelt is a gluten containing grain that is light brown in color, long and thin in shape | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Cereals, ours, baked goods, soups, salads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Hulled
wheat, whole grain, ancient grain | BE AWARE: Gluten containing grain. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamin B1, B3, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, complex carbohydrates,
ber, and protein. Supports antioxidant activity, gastrointestinal health, and protein metabolism.
Tapioca DESCRIPTION: Tapioca is gluten free, small, white and pearl shaped | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups and
broths; often used in prepackaged gluten-free products when ground into a our | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Starch, yucca, cassava, manioc plant, gluten-free | BE AWARE: May be used in spray starch for ironing
clothes | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Provides starch/complex carbohydrates.
Te DESCRIPTION: Te is a very small gluten free grain that is light brown in color and when cooked is a creamy
consistency | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Ethiopian dishes, gluten free baking/cooking, tortillas, crackers | BE AWARE: Type
of millet | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and copper.
Very good source of manganese.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 49
Grains & Starches
Wheat DESCRIPTION: Wheat is a gluten containing grain that is light brown and when cooked oval shaped and
translucent | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Breads, pastas, crackers, cookies, cereals, chips, baked goods, all purpose
our and much more| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Bread, cake, cookies, pie, sauces, stews,
soups, farina, semolina, farro, couscous, roux, durum, kamut | BE AWARE: Wheat is also found in beer and certain
alcohols; The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of
2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain wheat as an ingredient must list the word
“wheat” in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Whole grain wheat is a good source of
magnesium, phosphorus, manganese, selenium, phytonutrients (e.g. phytosterols, phenolic acids, lignans, saponins,
phytic acid), complex carbohydrates, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and blood sugar
regulation.
Wild rice DESCRIPTION: Wild rice is in fact not rice, but a marsh grass. It can be black or brown in color, longer and
more narrow than white rice with a distinct avor | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Mixed with long-grain brown and/or
white rice or wheat products; found in casseroles, soups, stews, stungs | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Vegetarian, Indian rice, gluten-free, rice blend | BE AWARE: Not a member of the rice family; it is a marsh
grass often combined with wheat products or other grains | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of vitamins B2, B6, folate, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, manganese, ber, complex carbohydrates, and protein.
Supports cardiovascular and gastrointestinal health.
50 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Grains & Starches
Ancho Chili Pepper DESCRIPTION: Chili peppers come in a variety of shapes, colors and sizes. The chili has a long association
with Mexican cuisine as later adapted into Tex-Mex cuisine. The chili has also become a part of the Korean, Indian, Indonesian,
Szechuan, Thai and other cooking traditions. Its popularity has seen it adopted into many cuisines of the World. Chili peppers
are also often used around the world to make a wide variety of sauces, known as hot sauce, chili sauce, or pepper sauce
| COMMONLY FOUND IN: Hot sauces, chili sauce, pepper sauces, meat rubs and so much more; hundreds of varieties |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Any food/ingredient list with chili or hot pepper, habanero, Scotch bonnet,
jalapeno, Spanish pimento, Anaheim and Hungarian cherry peppers | BE AWARE: Comes in many dierent colors & heat
levels-read labels | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, and phytonutrients
(e.g. capsaicin). Possesses analgesic properties, helps regulate inammation, supports antioxidant activity and eye health.
Basil (sweet) DESCRIPTION: Basil is a bright green leaf and is most commonly used fresh; in cooked recipes it is generally
added at the last moment, as cooking quickly destroys the avor. Mediterranean and Indochinese cuisines frequently
use basil, the former frequently combining it with tomato | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pesto, added to pasta dishes, soups,
dips, salads | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Herbs, Italian herb blend, tomato sauce, caprese | BE
AWARE: Alcoholic beverages (bitters, liquors, and spirits) may contain basil, packaged Italian herb blends may contain basil |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin K, manganese, phytonutrient avonols,
and volatile oils. Supports antioxidant activity, regulation of inammation, and blood clotting; possesses antimicrobial
properties.
Bay Leaf DESCRIPTION: A leaf that is mostly found dried, they can be used fresh as well. Best used whole and added at the
beginning of cooking and removed before serving | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, sauces, vegetables and meats as an
aromatic or avoring; used fresh or dried | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Bay leaf, laurel leaf, herbs,
sachet, bouquet garni | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Fresh leaves contain vitamin C, folate, carotenoids, and volatile
oils. Traditionally used to support healthy blood sugar levels, immunity, and GI health.
Black Pepper DESCRIPTION: Black pepper is used as a spice and seasoning. The same fruit is also used to produce
white pepper, red/pink pepper, and green pepper. Dried ground pepper is one of the most common spices in European
cuisine. The spiciness of black pepper is due to the chemical piperine | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Main dishes, side dishes,
soups, stews, chips, dips, condiments, many prepackaged foods | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
White pepper, green peppercorns, pepper oil, blended spices | BE AWARE: Found in most prepackaged spice mixtures and
prepackaged foods; it is one of the most commonly used spices | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
manganese and vitamin K. Supports digestion, antioxidant activity, blood clotting, and immunity.
Caraway DESCRIPTION: Caraway is a small thin green/brown seed with a very distinct scent and avor | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Breads, especially rye bread; also used in desserts, liquors, casseroles, curry, stews, meats, vegetables, cheeses and
sauerkraut | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Rye bread, meridian fennel, Persian cumin | BE AWARE:
The caraway fruit oil is often used in soaps, lotions and perfumes as a fragrance | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Provides iron, phytonutrients (e.g. monoterpenes), and ber. Supports gastrointestinal health.
Cardamom DESCRIPTION: Cardamom is a bright green pod with dark brown seeds inside. The most common form of
cardamom is green cardamom | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Coees and teas as a avoring; in Northern Europe, cardamom is
commonly used in sweet foods and is a common ingredient in Indian cooking; also often used for baking in Nordic countries.
May be used as a avoring in gin. | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Spices, seasonings, avorings, chai,
curries | BE AWARE: Contains large amounts may be harmful to those with gallstones. Cardamom is used for many medicinal
purposes and breath fresheners | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of manganese and phytonutrients.
Supports antioxidant activity, GI health, and helps normalize blood pressure.
Cayenne Pepper DESCRIPTION: Cayenne is the spicy red pepper ground up to create the spice | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Chili, stews; any food to add spice | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Spice blend, spicy, bualo wing sauce
| BE AWARE: Dishes that are "spicy" may contain cayenne pepper | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and phytonutrients (e.g. capsaicin). Supports cardiovascular and eye health, and
regulation of inammation. Possesses antimicrobial and analgesic properties.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 51
Back to Reference Descriptions
Herbs & Spices
Chives DESCRIPTION: Chives are long slender grass like stalks that have a mild onion avor and are very popular as a
garnish | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, salads, garnish, French cuisine, Mediterranean cuisines, Vichyssoise | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: French herbs | BE AWARE: These are not the same as green onions or
scallions | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of thiamin, niacin, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, and zinc.
Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, riboavin, vitamin B6, folate, calcium, iron, magnesium,
potassium, copper, and manganese
Cilantro DESCRIPTION: An herb with wide delicate lacy green leaves and a pungent avor. Although cilantro and
coriander come from the same plant, their avors are very dierent and cannot be substituted for each other |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salsa, spice blends, Mexican food | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Spices,
Coriander leaves | BE AWARE: Some countries refer to the cilantro as coriander, so any references to "fresh coriander"
or "coriander leaves" refer to cilantro. Note: "Culantro" is an herb related to cilantro that is widely used in dishes
throughout the Caribbean, Latin America, and the Far East. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the
dried seeds are the most commonly used in cooking | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Low in saturated fat and
cholesterol. Good source of thiamin and zinc. Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin
K, riboavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, copper,
manganese
Cinnamon (bark) DESCRIPTION: Cinnamon bark is brown and comes in a roll that resembles a stick. It is widely used
as a spice. Cinnamon bark is one of the few spices that can be consumed directly | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Sweet and
savory dishes therefore it is important to check labels | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Cassia,
ceylon | BE AWARE: Also used in fragrances and beauty products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of manganese and phytochemicals (e.g. terpenoids). Supports healthy blood clotting and blood sugar levels, antioxidant
activity, cognitive functioning, and regulation of inammation. Possesses antimicrobial properties.
Clove DESCRIPTION: Cloves can be used in cooking either whole or in a ground form. If using whole, it is important to
remove before serving; they slightly resemble a small twig. Clove has a very distinct avor and can be quite strong. It
is used throughout Europe and Asia | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Teas, sweet, and savory dishes; very common in Indian
and Mexican cuisine | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Found in pumpkin pie spice | BE AWARE:
Sometimes used in fragrances and beauty products; smoked in a type of cigarettes locally known as kretek in Indonesia.
| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin K, manganese, volatile oils, and phytonutrients(e.g.
avonoids). Supports antioxidant activity and regulation of inammation. Possesses analgesic and antimicrobial
properties.
Coriander seed DESCRIPTION: The small yellow round seed of cilantro that is very popular | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Spice rubs; soups and stews; pickling; curry blends. Coriander is commonly used in Middle Eastern, Mediterranean,
Indian, South Asian, Latin American, Chinese, African and Southeast Asian cuisine. Also used in brewing certain styles of
beer, particularly some Belgian wheat beers. | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Cilantro | BE AWARE:
Found in many curry powders; read labels | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Coriander seed provides minerals (e.g.
iron, magnesium, manganese), phytonutrients (e.g. phenolic compounds, avonoids), and ber. Fresh coriander/cilantro
leaf provides vitamin K, phytonutrients (e.g. phenolic compounds, avonoids). Coriander may help chelate heavy metals,
promote GI regulation, and support healthy blood sugar levels and antioxidant activity. Coriander exterts antiomicrobial
eects.
Cumin DESCRIPTION: A small brown thin seed that has a very distinct avor and is extremely popular in many cuisines
around the world | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Curry powders, soups, stews, sauces, spice rubs, and chili | OTHER WORDS
THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Spice blend | BE AWARE: Often used in soups, especially bean soups | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of iron, volatile oils (e.g. cuminal, safranal, monoterpenes). Supports digestion,
and antioxidant activity. May help regulate inammation and provide antimicrobial activity.
52 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Herbs & Spices
Curry DESCRIPTION: A blend of spices that is popular in Asian and Indian cuisine | COMMONLY FOUND IN: South Asian
cuisine, seasonings, spice rubs, sauces, soups, stews | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Spice blend
| BE AWARE: The curry powder tested contains the spices turmeric, paprika, fenugreek, coriander, black pepper, cumin,
ginger, celery seed, cloves, caraway, and cayenne. If reactive, it is necessary to avoid all curry powder blends since it is
unknown if one ingredient or the blend is causing a reaction. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamin B6, folate, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and copper. Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin
E, vitamin K, iron, and manganese.
Dill DESCRIPTION: Dill is a short-lived annual herb. Its seeds, dill seed are used as a spice, and its fresh leaves, dill,
and its dried leaves, dill weed, are used as herbs. Its fernlike leaves are aromatic, and are used to avor many foods |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pickles, salad dressings, salads, dips, meats, sauces and sh dishes | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Tzatziki, pickles | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin A, vitamin C,
phytonutrients (e.g. monoterpenes, avonoids). Supports antioxidant activity, detoxication, and eye health. May sooth
digestion.
Fennel DESCRIPTION: The bulb, foliage, and seeds of the fennel plant are widely used in many of the culinary traditions
of the world. Fennel is most prominently featured in Italian cuisine, where bulbs and fronds appears both raw and
cooked in side dishes, salads, pastas, and risottos | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, pastas, risottos, soups, meats,
and spice blends | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Finocchio | BE AWARE: Sometimes used in
toothpastes, sausages, the seed is sometimes used in rye breads | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamin C, potassium, molybdenum, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, anethole), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, GI
health, and regulation of inammation.
Ginger DESCRIPTION: Fresh ginger root is a woody looking root with thin skin that resembles ngers. Ginger can be
juices, ground into powder, grated and added into beverages | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Tea, cakes, cookies, alcohol,
soups, sauces, meats | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Spices, seasonings, avorings | BE AWARE:
Commonly used in fragrances and beauty products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
phytonutrients (e.g. gingerol, zingerone). Reduces nausea/vomiting associated with pregnancy, chemotherapy, motion
sickness, indigestion, etc. Supports antioxidant activity, immune function, and regulation of inammation.
Horseradish DESCRIPTION: Horseradish is a root with white esh and brown woody skin | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Horseradish sauce, cocktail sauce, drinks, soups, meat and sh seasoning, wasabi substitute | OTHER WORDS
THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Cranson,Raifort,Mountain Radish,Red Cole, Chrain | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of riboavin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, copper. Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin C,
folate, pantothenic acid, magnesium, potassium, and manganese. Orally, horseradish is used for urinary tract infection,
urinary stones, edematous conditions, cough, bronchitis, for expelling afterbirth, treating gout, rheumatism, gallbladder
disorders, sciatica pain, relief of colic, increasing urination, and intestinal worms in children. Topically, horseradish is
used for inamed joints or tissues and minor muscle aches. In foods, horseradish is used as a avoring agent.
Licorice DESCRIPTION: Licorice is a root that has many health benets | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Flavoring in candies,
soft drinks, cough syrup, herbal teas, liqueurs | BE AWARE: Used as a avoring agent for tobacco, found in supplements
and beauty products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Supports GI health and regulation of inammation. May
provide antibacterial activity.
Nutmeg DESCRIPTION: Nutmeg is the seed kernel of the nutmeg fruit. It is spicy, very aromatic and best used fresh by
grating the outside of the nut | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Baking and avoring drinks, soups, stews, sauces, custards,
potatoes, and vegetables | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mace, "Cream of…", pumpkin pie spice
blends | BE AWARE: Oil is found in some beauty products and health products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of manganese. May decrease blood sugar and blood pressure.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 53
Herbs & Spices
Oregano DESCRIPTION: Oregano is an important culinary herb. It is particularly widely used in Greek and Italian
cuisines. It is the leaves that are used in cooking, and the dried herb is often more avorful than the fresh |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Tomato sauces, pizza, garlic bread, dressings, vegetable seasoning, and essential in Greek
cooking | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: "Mountain joy ", wild marjoram, Italian herb seasoning
| BE AWARE: Oil is used for antimicrobial properties | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin
K, volatile oils, phytonutrients (e.g. thymol, rosmarinic acid). Supports antioxidant activity, and possesses antibacterial
properties.
Paprika DESCRIPTION: Paprika is a ground spice made from fruits of air dried chile peppers | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Spice blends, dry rubs, garnish for a variety of dishes | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Hot, spicy,
smoky, curry, seasonings, avoring, and spices | BE AWARE: Used for color in many dishes and prepackaged goods;
check labels | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin E,
phytonutrients (e.g. capsaicin), and ber. Supports eye health and regulation of inammation.
Parsley DESCRIPTION: Parsley comes in two varieties: curly leaf and at leaf. Flat leaf is known for being more
avorful while curly parsley is more for garnish | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Garnish and avoring; in smoothies, soups,
sauces, stews, dips, spreads, salads and much more | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: "Rock
celery", bouquet garni, sachet, Italian herb seasoning | BE AWARE: Found in many dishes and prepackaged foods
for color | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, folate,
phytonutrients (e.g. volatile oils, avonoids). Supports antioxidant activity, detoxication, blood clotting, eye health,
and regulation of inammation. May play a role in the neutralization of carcinogens.
Peppermint DESCRIPTION: Peppermint is a leafy herb that has a very refreshing avor and aroma | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Beverages, baked goods, salads, sweet and savory dishes, extract | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Spearmint and wintergreen | BE AWARE: Can be found in peppermint oils, fragrances, used in chewing
gums, breath fresheners, mouthwashes, toothpastes, beauty products; check labels.. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Contains carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, copper, manganese, and phytonutrients (e.g. volatile oils,
monoterpenes). Supports GI health and comfort, and eye health. Possesses antimicrobial and analgesic properties.
Rosemary DESCRIPTION: Rosemary is a woody herb that has thin pine needle like leaves that are very aromatic and
avorful | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Breads, soups, stews, sauces, salads, meats (especially lamb), vegetables, stungs
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Herb blend | BE AWARE: Often used in cosmetics and beauty
products for fragrance | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of phytonutrients (e.g. carotenoids,
rosemarinic acid, carnosol, ursolic acid). Supports antioxidant activity, regulation of inammation, and immune
function. Possesses antimicrobial properties.
Saron DESCRIPTION: Saron is the dried yellow stigma of a purple crocus plant. Each ower contains three stigmas
and they all must be harvested by hand | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Soups, stews, sauces, rice dishes, and baked goods
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Bouillabaisse, risotto milanese, paella | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of carotenoids and manganese. May support cognitive functioning and have antidepressive
eects.
Sage DESCRIPTION: Sage is a light green soft leaf that is slightly peppery in avor | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Rubs/
spice/herb blends to avor meats, stungs, sausages, sauces, salads, pizzas, soups, and stews | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Herbs, seasonings, avorings | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamin K and phytonutrients (e.g. volatile oils, avonoids, phenolic acid, rosmarinic acid). Supports antioxidant activity,
blood clotting, cognitive function, and regulation of inammation.
54 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Herbs & Spices
Spearmint DESCRIPTION: Spearmint is a green leafy herb that is similar to peppermint but more mild in avor |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Beverages, baked goods, salads, sweet and savory dishes, extract | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Curled Mint,Fish Mint,Garden Mint,Green Mint,Lamb Mint,Mackerel Mint,Our Lady's
Mint,Sage of Bethlehem,Spire Mint | BE AWARE: Can be found in spearmint oils, fragrances, used in chewing gums,
breath fresheners, mouthwashes, toothpastes, beauty products; check labels.. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of protein, thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, and zinc. Very good source of dietary ber, vitamin A,
vitamin C, riboavin, folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, copper, and manganese.
Tarragon DESCRIPTION: Tarragon is a light licorice avored leafy herb, and it is one of the four ne herbs of French
cooking; particularly suitable for chicken, sh and egg dishes | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salads, avor base for sh
and poultry, French bearnaise sauce, potica bread; commonly found paired with lobster | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY
INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Dragon wort, little dragon, mugwort, petit dragon, estragon, estragole | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of niacin, phosphorus, and copper. Very good source of vitamin A, vitamin C, riboavin,
vitamin B6, folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and manganese.
Thyme DESCRIPTION: Thyme is a woody herb with small, fragrant green leaves. It is one of the most widely used
herbs in cooking | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Rubs/spice/herb blends to avor meats, vegetables, soups, stews, sauces,
even desserts | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Herbs, avorings, bouquet garni | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Provides carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. volatile oils,
avonoids, carvacrol, thymol). Supports antioxidant activity and possesses antimicrobial properties.
Turmeric DESCRIPTION: Turmeric is a root that resembles ginger. Most often found in its ground spice form |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Curry powders, soups, stews, mayonnaise, mustard and dressings, dry rubs; also sold as a
supplement | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Curry powder, mustard | BE AWARE: Many items that
have a yellow color to them and are colored "naturally" could contain turmeric | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of iron, manganese, and phytonutrients (e.g. curcumin, volatile oils). Supports liver health, antioxidant
activity, regulation of inammation, and healthy circulation. May have specic anticancer eects.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 55
Herbs & Spices
Almond DESCRIPTION: Almonds are tree nuts that are oval in shape with brown skin and creamy white esh |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Granola, cereals, baked goods, nut butters, gluten-free products, baklava, dairy free products |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Dairy free, tree nut, gluten-free (our mixtures), nut butter, extracts,
oils, paste, marzipan, amaretto, praline | BE AWARE: Those with tree nut allergies cannot consume; the Federal Food
Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged
food products sold in the U.S. that contain tree nuts as an ingredient must list the specic type of nut in plain English,
on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of manganese, copper, magnesium, molybdenum,
phosphorus, vitamin E, monounsaturated fat, omega-6 fatty acids, phytonutrients (e.g. avonoids, phytosterols), and
protein. Supports antioxidant activity, helps regulate inammation, cholesterol levels, weight, blood sugar, and protein
metabolism. Helps reduce glycemic index of a meal. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7 days per week was associated with
reduced risk of cancer and other chronic diseases.
Baker's Yeast DESCRIPTION: A leavening agent that must be activated. Found as a active dry yeast (looks like pellets),
live yeast (moist and doughy looking), and instant yeast (which is a powder) | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Baked goods
such as breads, pastries, rolls, biscuits, doughs and crackers | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Bread,
rolls, crust, active dry yeast, fresh yeast, leavening | BE AWARE: Gluten-free bread products may contain bakers yeast
| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: A fungus that feeds on sugars/carbohydrates at the right temperature, emits
carbon dioxide to make baked goods rise.
Black Tea DESCRIPTION: Black tea leaves are leaves from their respective plants that are dried and commonly steeped
in hot water. Black tea leaves are rst spread on withering racks and air-blown to remove about a third of their moisture.
Then they are rolled to break their cell walls to release juices to aid in fermentation. They are then spread out and kept
under high humidity to promote the fermentation. The nal step is to immerse the leaves in hot water. | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: The leaves of the camellia sinensis plant are boiled in water to produce tea; this drink is used for varying
medicinal and health reasons | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: White tea, black leaf tea, Chinese
tea, English tea, theaavin | BE AWARE: Remember most iced teas include these varieties, although herbal teas are
usually made from herbs, plants, and owers of dierent species | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source
of phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, catechins). Supports antioxidant activity and immunity. Possesses anticancer
properties.
Brazil Nut DESCRIPTION: Brazil nuts are very large nuts that are the seeds of a South American tree. They have brown
skin that peels easily with o white esh | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Mixed Nuts | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Tree nut, trail mix, mixed nuts | BE AWARE: Those with tree nut allergies cannot consume; the Federal
Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all
packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain tree nuts as an ingredient must list the specic type of nut in
plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B1, vitamin E, magnesium,
phosphorus, potassium, copper, manganese, selenium (537 mcg/oz), and omega-6 fatty acids. Supports antioxidant
activity, detoxication, and regulation of inammation. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7 days per week was associated with
reduced risk of cancer and other chronic diseases.
Brewer's Yeast DESCRIPTION: A yeast that has been instrumental in fermenting over a long period of time |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Vinegar, apple cider, apple cider vinegar (unless Bragg's Apple Cider or other vinegars naturally
brewed). Also can be found in alcoholic beverages, processed juices, processed meats, tomato ketchup, salad dressings
& soy sauce. May also be used as an ingredient in vitamin tablets | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Vinegar, salad dressing, cider, alcohol, ketchup, mustards | BE AWARE: Can cause headaches, stomach discomfort and
gas. If a person has yeast allergies brewer's yeast is to be avoided | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamins B1, B2, B3, folate, pantothenic acid, chromium, phosphorus, and amino acids. Supports blood sugar regulation
and energy generation
56 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Back to Reference Descriptions
Nuts, Oils, & Miscellaneous
Candida Albicans DESCRIPTION: This is a yeast that is part of your normal gut ora. High levels of healthy bacteria
in the gut will generally keep this yeast under control. If overgrowth does occur, excessive amounts of sugars and
carbohydrates may promote further growth and dysbiosis | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Found in the mucus membranes of
the body. A reaction to Candida albicans with the Alcat test is not a diagnosis of yeast overgrowth | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Yeast or bacterial overgrowth; leaky gut | BE AWARE: Avoid all sweeteners: maple syrup,
molasses, invert sugar, sugar, granulated sugar, cane sugar, brown sugar, raw sugar, cane syrup, or evaporated cane
juice, brown rice syrup, agave, corn syrup, high fructose corn syrup
Cane Sugar DESCRIPTION: Cane sugar comes in many forms such as granulated, powdered, and liquid | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Sweets, candy, ice cream, chocolate, juices, soft drinks and most pre-packaged products, breads, and
crackers | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Sugar, granulated sugar, cane sugar, brown sugar, raw
sugar, invert sugar, cane syrup, or evaporated cane juice | BE AWARE: Cane sugar is a very common ingredient, even in
foods that are not sweet. Juice that is not 100% juice often contains added sugar | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Cane sugar may be listed as dried cane syrup or evaporated cane sugar and may retain a negligible amount of vitamins
and minerals but is not considered a good source of nutrients. If only listed as “sugar” on the label then the ingredient
likely comes from genetically engineered sugar beets.
Carob DESCRIPTION: Carob pods grow on the carob tree, are dark brown in color and contains the carob beans inside.
Carob is technically a legume | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Cakes, cookies, and soft drinks; used as a chocolate replacement
and is popular in the baking and confectionary industry | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Saint John's
bread or locust bean | BE AWARE: Used as a avoring in baking | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamin B2, calcium, copper, potassium, manganese, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity and GI health.
Casein DESCRIPTION: A protein found in cow's and goat's milk | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Cheese, milk, yogurt, all
dairy products | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Dairy, milk, cheese, butter, goat cheese, yogurt |
BE AWARE: Dairy is found in baked goods, packaged foods, and many sauces, may be listed as caseinate | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Provides all essential amino acids.
Cashew DESCRIPTION: Cashews are kidney shaped seeds that adhere to the bottom of the fruit on the cashew tree.
Cashews are always sold shelled because the inside of their shell contains a resin that is not t for consumption |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Asian and Indian cuisine; used in mixed nuts, for cashew butter, cashew oil, and cashew milk; a
common vegan cooking ingredient | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Mixed nuts, nut butter, nut milk,
nut oil, vegan cream/cheese substitute | BE AWARE: Those with tree nut allergies cannot consume; the Federal Food
Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged
food products sold in the U.S. that contain tree nuts as an ingredient must list the specic type of nut in plain English,
on the label. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, K, iron, magnesium, phosphorus,
zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, phytosterols, and omega-6 fatty acids. Supports antioxidant activity, blood clotting,
cardiovascular health, and bone health. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7 days per week was associated with reduced risk of
cancer and other chronic diseases.
Chamomile DESCRIPTION: Chamomile is a owering plant in the daisy family. It is native to Europe and Asia. The owers
are used medicinally. Chamomile has a long history of use in Europe for digestive ailments | COMMONLY FOUND IN:
Capsule, liquid, and tea form | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Sleeping Tea | BE AWARE: Often
found in beauty products and fragrances | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Provides volatile oils and phytonutrients
(e.g. avonoids). Supports GI health, muscle relaxation, and regulation of inammation. Possesses antimicrobial
properties.
Chia DESCRIPTION: A small seed that varies in color, is high in ber, and can absorb 12 times their weight in liquid |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Pudding, kombucha, other beverages, pretzels, granola bars, fruit bars, jam, smoothies, baked
goods | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Golden chia, chia seeds | BE AWARE: May be used in place
of eggs for vegan products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of calcium and phosphorus. Very good
source of dietary ber and manganese.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 57
Nuts, Oils, & Miscellaneous
Cocoa DESCRIPTION: Cocoa is the dried seed of the cacao tree from which chocolate is made. Cocoa powder is a dry
powder made by grinding cocoa seeds and removing the cocoa butter from the dark, bitter cocoa solids | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Cakes, desserts, coee's, even savory stews and beverages as a chocolate avoring | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Cacao, cocoa butter, cocoa powder, chocolate nibs | BE AWARE: Commonly added to
beauty products in the form of cocoa butter for its moisturizing properties | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. avonols,
phytosterols, catechins, procyanidins), and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, helps regulate inammation and blood
pressure.
Coconut DESCRIPTION: The coconut palm is grown throughout the tropical world, for decoration as well as for its many
culinary and non-culinary uses; virtually every part of the coconut palm has some human use. The white, eshy part
of the seed is edible and used fresh or dried in cooking. The cavity is lled with coconut water which contains sugar,
proteins, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. Coconut water provides an isotonic electrolyte balance, and is a highly
nutritious food source. Coconut milk is made by processing grated coconut with hot water or milk, which extracts the oil
and aromatic compounds | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Stews, soups, oils, sauces, baked goods, desserts, candies, drinks,
and drinking water; popular in Thai cuisine | BE AWARE: Commonly found in beauty products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of copper, manganese, selenium, caprylic acid, medium-chain triglycerides (MCT), and ber.
Provides healthy plant-based fat. Supports antioxidant activity.
Coee DESCRIPTION: Coee is a plant whose seeds (coee beans) are ground up and made into a beverage. The coee
bean is dark brown and oily | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Coee avored drinks, desserts, marinades, gravies, teas, and dry
rubs | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Green coee, café, espresso, cappuccino, latte, coee bean
extract | BE AWARE: Popular in eye creams and some skin care products | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good
source of vitamin B2, volatile oils, phytonutrients (e.g. chlorogenic acid, quinic acid; cafestol and kahweol in unltered
coee). Increases mental alertness and athletic performance.
Dandelion Leaf DESCRIPTION: The edible green leaves of the dandelion ower; possess a slightly bitter avor |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Salad greens, soups, wines, teas | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Blowball,Cankerwort, Cochet,Common Dandelion, Dandelion Extract,Lion's Tooth,Swine Snout | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of folate, magnesium, phosphorus, and copper. Very good source of dietary ber,
vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K, thiamin, riboavin, vitamin B6, calcium, iron, potassium, and manganese.
Flaxseed DESCRIPTION: Flax seeds come in two basic varieties, brown and yellow or golden, with most types having
similar nutritional values and equal amounts of short-chain omega-3 fatty acids. Flax seeds produce a vegetable oil
known as axseed or linseed oil; it is one of the oldest commercial oils and solvent-processed ax seed oil has been
used for centuries as a drying oil in painting and varnishing | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Oatmeal, wafers, gluten-free
bread, cookies, crackers, and cereals | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Linseed oil, gluten-free, egg
free. Be aware that solin is a axseed bred to have very low levels of omega-3 fatty acids | BE AWARE: May be used as
an egg substitute | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B1, magnesium, manganese, ber,
phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, lignans), omega-3 fatty acids (1,597 mg omega-3 alpha linolenic acid per Tbsp ground
seeds). Supports antioxidant activity and GI health. Helps reduce risk of metabolic syndrome.
Fructose DESCRIPTION: Fructose is a monosaccharide (simple sugar) that occurs naturally in fruit, fruit juices, agave,
honey, and some vegetables. Fructose is also a constituent of the disaccharide sucrose and present in fructans, also
known as inulins. It is found in high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), and commercial food products made with granulated
fructose and high fructose corn syrup. | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Fruits, vegetables, and sweeteners. | BE AWARE:
Although all fruits and vegetables contain at least some fructose, reactivity to fructose within the Alcat Test would not
necessarily require a complete elimination of all fruits and vegetables. Although not the same type of adverse reaction,
the same guidelines recommended for those with a fructose intolerance are suggested. For example, if there is a
moderate or severe reaction to fructose and high fructose foods were being consumed, it may be best to eliminate all the
high fructose foods for three months or more or six months or more. However, if fructose is a mild reaction, limiting high
fructose foods to two days per week may be sucient. Individuals are encouraged to seek the advice of a professional
continued on next page..
58 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Nuts, Oils, & Miscellaneous
(Fructose continued..) providing nutrition guidance to clarify any restriction of fructose. Address the need to avoid the
following: apple, agave, cantaloupe, carambola (star fruit), cherries, coconut cream, coconut milk, confectionary, corn
syrup solids, dried fruit, fortied wines (port, sherry), fruit juice (fresh or from concentrate), fruit paste, grape, guava, high
fructose corn syrup, honey, honeydew melon, lychee, mango, molasses, nashi fruit, paw paw/papaya, pear, persimmon,
quince, sundried tomatoes, tomato paste, and watermelon.
Garlic DESCRIPTION: A head of garlic has white papery skin and the cloves within are o white and must be peeled to
consume. Garlic can come in many dierent forms and is one of the most popular avorings in the US | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: A wide variety of dishes and prepackaged foods as a avoring and seasoning | OTHER WORDS THAT
MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Aioli, spice blend, prepackaged foods, garlic powder, granulated garlic, roasted garlic |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B6, manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. organosuldes, alliin).
Supports cardiovascular health, antioxidant activity, detoxication, regulation of inammation, and healthy blood lipid
levels. Possesses antimicrobial properties and is protective against prostate cancer.
Gluten/Gliadin DESCRIPTION: In addition to the avoidance of high fructose corn syrup, either limiting the highest
fructose fruits (also honey and agave) to two days per week or completely avoiding them, depending on the consumption
of them previous to the test and depending on the degree of reactivity (severe, moderate, mild) may be warranted. |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Wheat (farina, durum, semolina, couscous, kamut and orzo), barley, malt, spelt, and rye; also
used as a preservative and thickening agent | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Breading, stung,
bulgur, durum, farro, graham our, oats (unless certied gluten free-GF) | BE AWARE: Found in standard bread, pasta,
our, and baked goods; known to irritate the gut. Check also soups, stews, and salad dressings that are prepackaged.
Can also be found in skin care products, makeup and lip care products
Green Tea DESCRIPTION: Green tea are leaves from their respective plants that are dried and commonly steeped in
hot water. High quality green teas will produce a pale green to yellow-green color. Green tea is the least processed as it
is made by briey steaming harvested leaves, rolling them out to dry, and dried with hot air or pan-fried in a wok until
they are crisp. | COMMONLY FOUND IN: The leaves of the camellia sinensis plant are boiled in water to produce tea;
this drink is used for varying medicinal and health reasons | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: White
tea, black leaf tea, Chinese tea, English tea, theaavin| BE AWARE: Remember most iced teas include these varieties,
although herbal teas are usually made from herbs, plants, and owers of dierent species | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, catechins). Supports antioxidant activity and immunity.
Possesses anticancer properties.
Hazelnut DESCRIPTION: Hazelnuts are small round nuts with brown papery skin of the hazelnut tree. They are prized
for their easy to crack shell and sweet nut within | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Gelato, nut butters (Nutella), baklava, coee
avoring and trail mixes | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Filbert or cobnut | BE AWARE: Those with
tree nut allergies cannot consume; the Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took
eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain tree nuts as an ingredient
must list the specic type of nut in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamin B1, vitamin E, magnesium, copper, manganese, and ber. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7 days per week was
associated with reduced risk of cancer and other chronic diseases.
Hemp DESCRIPTION: For example, if the individual has a moderate or severe reaction to fructose and he/she was
consuming them previously, you may choose to eliminate all the high fructose fruits for 3 months or more or 6 months
or more. If fructose is a mild reaction, limiting them to 2 days per week may be sucient. Individuals are encouraged to
seek the advice of the professional providing nutrition guidance to clarify any restriction of fructose. | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Baking as an egg substitute, smoothies, hempfu (tofu substitute), protein powder, breadcrumbs substitute,
yogurt topping, cereal, salad dressings, hemp milk, jewelry | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
hemp seed oil, hemp seeds, hemp hearts | BE AWARE: Although hemp and marijuana are members of the same species,
Cannabis sativa, they are completely dierent plants. Hemp is rened into products such as hemp seed foods, hemp
oil, wax, resin, rope, cloth, pulp, paper, and fuel. May be found in some beauty products. | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of zinc and very good source of magnesium and phosphorus.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 59
Nuts, Oils, & Miscellaneous
Honey DESCRIPTION: A golden liquid that is produced from bees and is much sweeter than sugar | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Cooking and baking; often used to top breads or sweeten various items | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Naturally sweetened | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of phytonutrients (e.g. caeic acid,
methyl caeate, phenyl ethyl caeate). Possesses antimicrobial properties and may have anticancer eects. Possibly
eective for treating burns, cough, radiation mucositis, and wound healing.
Hops DESCRIPTION: Hops are the seeds of the plant Humulus and they are used as a avoring agent | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Herbal medicine. Most common in avoring and stabilizing beer | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Nobel hops | BE AWARE: Even gluten- free beers contain hops | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
phytonutrients (e.g. volatile oils, avonoids). May help support antioxidant activity, healthy sleep patterns, and regulation
of inammation.
Macadamia DESCRIPTION: Macadamia nuts are very popular nuts due to their creamy white color and sweet avor |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Cookies, desserts, candies, oils | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Trail mix, oil
blends, mixed nuts | BE AWARE: Oils found in some skincare products; those with tree nut allergies cannot consume; the
Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that
all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain tree nuts as an ingredient must list the specic type of nut in plain
English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin B1, magnesium, copper, manganese,
and monounsaturated fats. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7 days per week was associated with reduced risk of cancer and
other chronic diseases.
Malt DESCRIPTION: Malt is germinated cereal grains that have been dried in the process known as "malting". It imparts a
very distinct avor | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Vinegar, brewing beer, distilling liquor; desserts, milkshakes, malt avoring
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Malt sugar, maltodextrin, caramel color | BE AWARE: Derived from
gluten containing grain, usually barley
Maple Sugar DESCRIPTION: Maple sugar is produced when the sap of certain maples is reduced to crystals | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Desserts and as a sweetener, added to prepackaged foods | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS
PRESENCE: Free of cane sugar | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of zinc and manganese (in 1 oz serving).
Molasses (Blackstrap) DESCRIPTION: A rich brown, almost black, thick liquid that is bitter but sweet | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Barbecue sauce, breads, baked goods, beer, rum, jerky, yeast, citric acid | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: black treacle, sorghum molasses | BE AWARE: Molasses can be sourced from a variety of foods from
sugar cane, sugar beets, to sorghum. Follow up with manufacturer to determine the source.| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL
PROPERTIES: Good source of calcium, vitamin B6 and potassium. Very good source of magnesium and manganese.
Nutritional Yeast DESCRIPTION: Small yellow akes that impart a "cheesy" avor to dishes | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Vegan cheese alternatives, supplements, add to popcorn, mashed potatoes, pasta dishes, or bean dishes | OTHER
WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, nooch, hippie dust, yeshi | BE AWARE: Made from
sugarcane and beet molasses | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of protein, magnesium, copper, and
manganese. Very good source of dietary ber, thiamin, riboavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid,
and zinc.
Peanut DESCRIPTION: Peanuts are small nuts that are found inside of a hard oblong, misshapen shell. The shell must be
cracked and discarded to consume | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Nut mixes, satay, cakes, cookies, candies, sauces, soups,
stews, salads, peanut butter and peanut oil | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Ground nut, monkey nut,
earth nut, goober pea, blended oils | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA)
which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain peanut as an
ingredient must list the word “peanut” in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, biotin, folate, pantothenic acid, vitamin E, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper,
manganese, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, resveratrol, phytosterols), monounsaturated oleic acid, protein, and ber.
Supports cardiovascular health, antioxidant activity, and protein metabolism.
60 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Nuts, Oils, & Miscellaneous
Pecan DESCRIPTION: Pecans are dark brown, sweet nuts with ridges that come from the pecan tree | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Nut mixes, ice creams, baked goods (pecan pie), salads, cookies | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Praline, tree nut | BE AWARE: Those with tree nut allergies cannot consume; the Federal Food Allergen
Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food
products sold in the U.S. that contain tree nuts as an ingredient must list the specic type of nut in plain English, on the
label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, pantothenic acid, iron, magnesium,
phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, monounsaturated fats, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, phytosterols, and ber.
Supports antioxidant activity and cardiovascular health. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7 days per week was associated with
reduced risk of cancer and other chronic diseases.
Pine Nut DESCRIPTION: Pine nuts are the small edible seeds of the female cone of a pine tree. They have a crunchy
yet buttery texture and are soft yellow in color | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Added to meat, sh, salads, sauces, desserts
| OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Pinoli, pinon, pesto, pine nut oil | BE AWARE: Those with tree nut
allergies cannot consume; the Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect
in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain tree nuts as an ingredient
must list the specic type of nut in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of
vitamins B1, B2, B3, E, K, folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, phytosterols,
monounsaturated fats, omega-6 fatty acids. Supports antioxidant activity. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7 days per week
was associated with reduced risk of cancer and other chronic diseases.
Pistachio DESCRIPTION: Pistachios are small green nuts that are contained in shells that open on their own when ripe |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Nut mixes, stungs, sauces, ice cream and baked goods | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE
ITS PRESENCE: Baklava, biscotti, mortadella | BE AWARE: The Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection
Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S. that contain
nuts as an ingredient must list the word “nuts” in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Good source of carotenoids/vitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B6, folate, vitamin E, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus,
potassium, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, phytosterols, omega-6 fatty acids, ber, and protein. Supports
antioxidant activity, detoxication, protein metabolism, and cardiovascular and eye health. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7
days per week was associated with reduced risk of cancer and other chronic diseases.
Psyllium DESCRIPTION: Psyllium resembles rice, comes in dierent colors such as white, ivory, golden and brown |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Foods that have " added ber" ex: Metamucil; common in vegan cooking and as a gluten free
grain | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Ipaghula, added ber, gluten free | BE AWARE: In excess, can
cause uid imbalance and dehydration; can also lead to malabsorption and excretion of needed minerals | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of ber. Supports gastrointestinal health, may reduce risk of metabolic
syndrome.
Saower DESCRIPTION: Saower is an actual ower with green leaves and a round ower that is yellow to orange
in color | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Oils or vegetable oils; used in mayonnaise, salad dressings, prepackaged foods |
OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Vegetable oil, blended oil | BE AWARE: Read labels | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamin E, omega-6 fatty acids. Supports antioxidant activity.
Sesame DESCRIPTION: Sesame in it's original form is a small white seed but can be transformed into other products |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Oil and paste; used in baked goods, entrees, salads, soups, sauces, dressings | OTHER WORDS
THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Seeded bun, hummus, tahini, oriental cooking, benne, halvah | BE AWARE: Common
allergen; comes in many colors | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: High in vitamin B1, vitamin B6, calcium, iron,
magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, molybdenum, phytonutrients (e.g. phytosterols, sesamin, sesamolin,
lignans) omega-6 fatty acids, and ber. Supports antioxidant activity, and GI health.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 61
Nuts, Oils, & Miscellaneous
Sunower DESCRIPTION: Sunowers are large owers with a green leafy stalk and bright yellow at petals |
COMMONLY FOUND IN: Nut butter, ground to make our, or pressed to obtain the oil; used in salads, soups,
cereals, sandwiches and baked goods | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Sun butter, blended oils
| POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, folate, vitamin E, iron, magnesium,
phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, omega-6 fatty acids, phytosterols, ber, and protein. Supports
antioxidant activity, cardiovascular health, and protein metabolism.
Vanilla DESCRIPTION: Vanilla comes in long dark brown pods called vanilla beans. When the pod is sliced open there
are tiny dark brown seeds that give o the vanilla avor when added to a dish. Fresh vanilla is expensive, it is more
commonly found in the liquid extract form | COMMONLY FOUND IN: Baked goods, desserts, candies, yogurts, sweet
and some savory dishes | BE AWARE: Commonly used in fragrance, beauty products, avoring for vanilla sugar |
POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Provides phytochemicals (e.g. vanillin) that contribute to fragrance and avor.
Possesses antimicrobial eects. Vanilla scent may reduce stress and agitation in newborns.
Walnut DESCRIPTION: Walnuts are large misshapen light brown nuts that come from a walnut tree | COMMONLY
FOUND IN: Salads, baked goods, baklava, desserts, cereals, granola; also used to make walnut oil, walnut milk, black
walnut, English walnut | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE: Nut mixes, blended oil, nut milk, waldorf
salad | BE AWARE: Those with tree nut allergies cannot consume; the Federal Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer
Protection Act (FALCPA) which took eect in January of 2006, requires that all packaged food products sold in the U.S.
that contain tree nuts as an ingredient must list the specic type of nut in plain English, on the label | POTENTIAL
HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES: Good source of vitamins B1, B6, folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc,
copper, manganese, molybdenum, biotin, phytonutrients (e.g. polyphenols, phytosterols, tannins, avonoids, especially
in the skin), serotonin, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, and ber. Nutrient proles vary for English and black walnuts.
Support cardiovascular health, blood sugar regulation, antioxidant activity, cognitive function, and regulation of
inammation. Eating one ounce of nuts 5-7 days per week was associated with reduced risk of cancer and other chronic
diseases.
Whey DESCRIPTION: Liquid portion of animal milk molecule that is found in all dairy products | COMMONLY FOUND
IN: Protein powder, prepackaged items with a cheese avoring | OTHER WORDS THAT MAY INDICATE ITS PRESENCE:
Cheese, yogurt , sour cream, milk, ker, cream cheese, butter, buttermilk, ice cream, protein powder | BE AWARE: Whey
protein is very common in many packaged food items; read labels carefully | POTENTIAL HEALTHFUL PROPERTIES:
Dried sweet whey is a good source of vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, pantothenic acid, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus,
potassium, zinc, selenium, cysteine (amino acid), and protein. Supports antioxidant activity and protein metabolism.
Isolated whey protein is a good source of protein.
62 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Nuts, Oils, & Miscellaneous
Acacia Gum Acacia gum is a dried substance from the trunk of an acacia tree found throughout Africa, India, the Near
East, and the southern United States. It is used in the food industry as a stabilizer, emulsier, thickener, and avoring
additive in confectionery, jellies, glazes, chewing gum, beer, and beverage powders. Other names it may go by include:
Gum Arabic, Egyptian Thorn, and Catechu. Acacia gum is considered safe and is permitted for organic foods. Nevertheless,
allergy-like symptoms may occur in susceptible individuals. It can be used orally as a ber supplement for hyperlipidemia
and irritable bowel syndrome. It can be used to remove toxins from the body, as well as a prebiotic.
Adipic Acid Adipic Acid, also known as hexanedioic acid, is an acidifying agent, which occurs naturally in beet juice and
molasses. It can be chemically synthesized for the food industry for use in chewing gums, baked goods, baking powder,
condiments, dairy products, meat products, oils, oleomargarine, relishes, snack foods, canned vegetables, beverages,
and gelatin desserts. In addition, it is often used as a salt substitute, in the production of nylon in the plastic industry,
pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics.
Alum Alum is a crystalline powder most commonly used in pickling. It is often used to rm and crispen pickles by letting
them soak in a sealed brine solution of water, vinegar, salt, spices, and alum powder for several weeks. It is also sold
as a large crystal as a "deodorant rock" for use under the arms. Other uses of alum may include ame retardants, the
acidic component of some types of baking powder, an ingredient in some homemade and commercial modeling clay,
an ingredient in some hair removal waxes, skin whiteners, and in some toothpastes. Other words that may indicate
its presence: potassium alum (potash alum), aluminum potassium sulfate, soda alum, ammonium alum, chrome alum,
selenate alum.
Ascorbic Acid Ascorbic acid is the chemical form of Vitamin C. it is used as an antioxidant to prevent brown discolorations
of sliced fruits and vegetables, as a our agent to improve the adhesive properties of (whole-grain) our, and (in
combination with nitrites) as a stabilizer for a long-lasting red color of meat products. Ascorbic acid is commonly used in
drinks and sweets as a vitamin supplement and can then be declared as “Vitamin C.” Ascorbic acid is water soluble and will
be excreted with the urine. A durable overdose should be avoided as this provoked the formation of kidney and bladder
stones in animals. The following may contain ascorbic acid: frozen fruit, frozen sh dip, dry milk, beer, ale, avoring oils,
apple juices, soft drinks, candy, articially sweetened jellies and preserves, mushrooms, and meats.
Aspartame Aspartame is an articial sweetener. it is marketed under the brand names NutraSweet, Equal, or NatraTaste.
It is about two hundred times sweeter than sugar and is used in more than 6,000 products. It is made by combining
aspartic acid and phenylalanine. It is found in soft drinks, puddings, gelatins, frozen desserts, breakfast cereals, hot cocoa
mixes, yogurt, teas, breath mints, chewing gums, and tabletop sweeteners. It is not heat stable as it may lose sweetness
when heated. Aspartame may change levels of chemicals in the brain that aect behavior, headaches/migraines, dizziness,
seizures, nausea, numbness, muscle spasms, weight gain, rashes, depression, fatigue, irritability, tachycardia, insomnia,
vision problems, hearing loss, heart palpitations, breathing diculties, anxiety attacks, slurred speech, loss of taste,
tinnitus, vertigo, memory loss, and joint pain.
Benzoic Acid Benzoic acid is a white, crystalline organic compound belonging to the family of carboxylic acids. It occurs
in nature in cherry bark, raspberries, tea, anise, and cassia bark. It is widely used as a food preservative (chocolate,
beverages, ice cream, candy, baked goods, condiments, icings, and chewing gums) and in the manufacturing of various
cosmetics, dyes, plastics, and insect repellents. It is a mild irritant to the skin and can cause allergic reactions, especially
among those with aspirin sensitivities.
Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)is a phenolic compound that is often added to foods
to preserve fats. BHA is generally used to keep fats from becoming rancid due to oxidation. BHA may be found in butter,
meats, cereals, chewing gum, baked goods, snack foods, dehydrated potatoes, beverages, ice cream, candy, gelatin
desserts, soup bases, dry yeast, lard, shortening, dry sausage, or beer. It can also be found in animal feed, food packaging,
cosmetics, rubber products, and petroleum products.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 63
Back to Reference Descriptions
Food Additives & Preservatives
Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) (BHT) is a phenolic compound that is often added to foods to preserve fats. BHT
prevents oxidative rancidity of fats. It is used to preserve food odor, color, and avor. Many packaging materials
incorporate BHT. It is also used in chewing gum, potato akes, sweet potato akes, sh products, shortenings, and
dry breakfast cereals. It may be used to delay rancidity in frozen fresh pork sausages and freeze-dried meats. BHT is
prohibited as a food additive in the United Kingdom.
Calcium Phosphates Calcium phosphates including calcium diphosphate and calcium triphosphate are used as baking
agent, dough conditioner, and acidity regulators. They are also a release agent and emulsier. Calcium triphosphate
is used as an anti-caking agent in table salt, powdered sugar, melted milk powder, condiments, pudding, meat, cereal
ours, vanilla powder, a gastric antacid supplement, and a clarifying additive for syrups and sugars. Calcium diphosphate
is used in breads, cereal ours, a carrier for bleach, mineral supplementation in cereals, dental products, and fertilizer.
Calcium phosphate is used in breads, articially sweetened fruit jelly, canned potatoes, canned sweet peppers, canned
tomatoes, fertilizer, baking powders, mineral supplementation in wheat ours, and as a gelling agent,
Citric Acid Citric acid is derived from citrus fruit by fermenting the crude sugars. It is then used for cosmetics and/or
a avoring agent in a variety of things including: chewing gum, wines, jams, jellies, jelly candy, canned fruit, carbonated
beverages, frozen fruit, canned vegetables, frozen dairy products, cheese spreads, sherbet, confections, canned gs, fried
egg whites, mayonnaise, salad dressing, fruit butter, preserves, and fried potatoes. It is also used for curing meats as well
as rming peppers, potatoes, and tomatoes.
Cyclodextrin Cyclodextrin can be found in ber supplementation, as a carrier or stabilizer for avors, colors, vitamins,
fatty acids. It can also be found in beverages, bread, instant coees and teas, meal replacements, soy milk, cereals,
instant rice, pasta, condiments, reduced fat spreads, dressings, mayonnaise, yogurt, milk beverages, soups, chewing gum,
pudding. It can also be used to decaeinate coee or tea and reduce cholesterol in eggs.
D-Lactitol D-Lactitol is obtained from lactose and has a lower sweetening power compared to table sugar and is
therefore often combined with other sweeteners the enhance the sweetening eect. It is derived from milk sugar and
used as a bulking agent, humectant, and/or sweetener. Those who have issues with lactose should avoid d-lactitol.
Lactitol is suitable for diabetics and does not trigger cavities. It is mainly used for energy reduced/sugar-free desserts,
ice cream, confectionery and chewing gum but can also be found in sauces, mustard and food supplements. Foods
containing more than 10% of sugar substitutes in total must bear the sign “excessive consumption may induce laxative
eects.”
EDTA (Ethylenediamine Tetraacetic Acid) EDTA, also known as ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid, is a complexing
agent (binds heavy metal ions), which is used to support antioxidants in the food. It prevents changes of color and avor
in foods and is used in emulsied sauces, canned legumes, mushrooms, artichokes, crustaceans and mollusks, frozen
crustaceans, carbonated beverages, and in cleaning agents and detergents. EDTA, when ingested, may cause errors in
some laboratory tests such as calcium, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen. It can exacerbate asthma and cause rashes as it can
be irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. It can also cause kidney.
Erythritol Erythritol is a naturally-derived sugar substitute that is created by fermenting glucose using an organism
called Trichosporonoides megachiliensis. It is a low-calorie sweetener that comes in granulated and powdered forms, but
it has other uses such as a humectant, food stabilizer, food thickener, and texturizer. It has a low GI index and laxative
eect. It has a zero glycemic index and has not been shown to aect insulin or blood sugar levels. It can be found in a
variety of foods including: chewing gum, cakes, cookies, pastries, candy, frozen desserts, puddings, beverages, yogurt,
and Truvia.
Fumaric Acid Fumaric acid is an intermediate in the citrate acid cycle. Due to its good solubility in hot water, it is used as
an acidifying agent in dry products with a spicy-sour taste, for the sprinkling of confectionery, in jelly-like desserts, fruit-
avored dry powders for desserts, instant powders for fruit drinks, and avored teas. It is also popular in chewing gums,
llings and toppings for cakes, cookies, and pastries.
64 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Food Additives & Preservatives
Glycerol Glycerol, also known as glycerin, is used as a humectant in tobacco, marshmallows, and candies and as a solvent
for avors and colors. It also has the following uses: a plasticizer in meat and cheese and as a bodying additive when
combined with gums and gelatins. It can be used in chewing gum, beverages, candy, baked goods, and meat products as
well.
Hexylresorcinol Hexylresorcinol is used as a color stabilizer to prevent the brown coloration in crustaceans and freshly
cut fruits. Due to its anaesthetic and antiseptic properties, it may be found in throat lozenges. It may be used medicinally
as an anti worm medication. For some people, it can cause severe gastrointestinal irritation.
Invertase Invertase is an enzyme used in food processing that splits sucrose (table sugar) into its component parts,
glucose, and fructose, producing inverted sugar. It is generally derived from a benecial strain of Saccharomyces
cerevisiae and then puried to be used either by itself or as a part of a multi-enzyme formula. It is also commonly found
in bee pollen and honey. It is one of the most widely used enzymes in the food industry where fructose is preferred over
sucrose, especially in the preparation of jams, candies, and fondants. It is used in the manufacture of plasticizing agents
used in cosmetics. Invertase is also useful for digestive health in humans and can be found in numerous digestive enzyme
supplements.
Isomalt Isomalt is a synthetic sweetener produced from sucrose. It has 45 to 65 percent the sweetness of sugar. Insulin
is not necessary for its utilization in the human body, so it is considered as a sugar substitute. It does not trigger cavities.
It is mainly used for low-calorie, sugar-free desserts, ice cream, sweets, jams, and chewing gum, but can also be found in
sauces, mustard and food supplements.
Lactic Acid Lactic acid is produced fermenting whey, cornstarch, potatoes, and molasses. It can be found in pickles,
cheese avorings, chocolate, beverage avorings, candy, olives, dried egg whites, cottage cheese, beverages, bread,
desserts, fruit jelly, butter, and in the brewing industry. It may be found in some infant formulas, skin fresheners, and
cosmetics as well. For those with sensitive skin, cosmetics containing lactic acid may cause a stinging sensation.
Lecithin (Soy) Soy lecithin is extracted from soybeans to be use as an antioxidant and emulsier. It helps keep water
and oil mixed together while preventing foods from turning rancid. It is used very often in cereal, margarine, mayonnaise,
chocolate products, cakes, biscuits, pu pastries, chewing gum, canned tuna, instant powders for milk, cocoa beverages as
well as in infant- and follow-on formulas.It can also be found in cosmetics and other personal care products.
Lysozyme Lysozyme is a derived from of the hen’s egg albumen and is used as an antimicrobial preservative. Lysozyme is
exclusively approved for mature cheese.
Magnesium Phosphate Magnesium phosphate is primarily used as a pH control additive, a mineral supplement for
foods, and as a leavening additive.
Malic Acid Malic acid is used as a avor additive. It can be found in jams, marmalades, jellies, canned fruits and
vegetables, juices, soft drinks, baby food, baked goods, butter, frozen dairy products, and is used to aid wine in aging.
Malic Acid enhances the eect of antioxidants and inhibits enzymes, which are responsible for the browning of fruits and
vegetables.
Maltodextrin Is used as a food additive to thicken food products and to add avor as it can be used as sugar substitute
ller. It is often used in soda, candy, and more particularly chocolate. It can be derived from corn, rice, wheat, or potatoes.
In the U.S., the primary source of maltodextrin is corn.
Mannitol Mannitol occurs naturally in plants, but in most cases is extracted from seaweed. It is calorie free and roughly
70 percent as sweet as sugar. For the food industry, it is derived from mannose or inverted sugar. Mannitol is suitable for
diabetics and does not trigger cavities. It is mainly used for energy reduced/sugar-free desserts, ice cream, sweets and
chewing gum, but can also be found in sauces, mustards, and food supplements. Foods with Mannitol must bear the sign
“excessive consumption may have a laxative eect.”
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 65
Food Additives & Preservatives
Methenamine (Hexamethylenetetramine) Methenamine is used to prevent or control returning urinary tract
infections caused by certain bacteria. Methenamine is an antibiotic that stops the growth of bacteria in urine. This
medication also contains an ingredient that helps to make the urine acidic. When the urine is acidic, methenamine turns
into formaldehyde to kill the bacteria.
Methyl Anthranilate Methyl Anthranilate occurs naturally in ylang-ylang, neroli, jasmine, bergamot, and other essential
oils. It is made synthetically from coal tar and can be found in avorings for beverages, ice cream, candy, chewing gum,
and baked goods. It can be irritating to the skin.
MSG Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is used as a avor enhancer in a variety of foods prepared at home, in restaurants
and by food processors. While it occurs naturally in seaweed, sea tangles, soybeans, and sugar beets, it is often used to
enhance avors in baked goods, meat, condiments, pickles, candy, soup, and a lot of Asian cuisine. There are reports of
adverse reactions in people who have eaten foods that contain MSG such as chest pain, headache, and numbness. Please
be aware that many packaged and processed foods can contain MSG. If there are less than 20 PPM, the manufacturer
does not have to list it as an ingredient.
Phosphoric Acid Phosphoric acid is made from phosphate rocks for use as an acidifying agent in soft drinks, sports
drinks, whipped cream, cream products, milk beverages, milk powder, frozen dairy products, candy, cheese products, and
coee creamer. Additionally, it is used in animal or vegetable fats as a sequestering additive.
Polydextrose Polydextrose is a synthetic compound consisting of glucose, sorbitol and citric acid. Since Polydextrose
crystals perform similarly to sugar, they are often used as a bulking additive for foods such as beverages, baked products
or sweets. In addition, polydextrose attracts water from the air and thus prevents food from getting dry. It can have a
laxative eect, since the human body cannot digest it.
Polysorbate 80 Polysorbate 80 is used as an emulsier, stabilizer, and humectant. It is commercially known as Tween®
80, It is used in chocolate-avored syrups, ice cream, dessert mixes, whipped cream, cakes, cake mixes, powdered soft
drink mixes, cake icing, shortenings, and vitamin and mineral supplements. Cell studies have shown that it may change
the immune cell response and make cells more susceptible to oxidative stress.
Potash (Potassium Hydroxide) - Caustic Potash Caustic Potash (Potassium Hydroxide) can be used as a peeling
additive for tubers and fruits, to extract color from annatto seed, or it may be found in some cocoa products.
Potassium Phosphate Potassium Phosphate, Potassium Diphosphate, and Potassium Triphosphate can used as a yeast
for brewing champagne and other sparkling wines, as well as in frozen eggs as a color preservative, and in the processing
of cheese.
Potassium Sorbate Potassium sorbate is a salt of the sorbic acid and is, likely to other sorbates, commonly used as a
preservative due to its numerous benecial properties, as well as a mold, yeast, and fungus inhibitor. It can be found in
foods such as mayonnaise, remoulade, soy sauce, jam, margarine, syrup, dates, olives, ice tea, cheese, cheese, pastries,
bread, seafood substitutes, sh, meat substitutes, gelatin salads, cheesecake, chocolate, pie llings, It can also be found
in tobacco products and cosmetics. It may be irritating to the skin for some.
Potassium Tartrate Potassium tartrate is made from the salts of tartaric acid. It is an acidier. Potassium tartrate is
widespread and can be found in many foods like jellied meats, soft drinks, jams, vegetables, fruit juices, canned fruits,
and is also used as a salt substitute. No adverse reactions have been reported.
Saccharin Saccharin is an articial sweetener used in low calorie soft drinks, as a tabletop sweetener, and in a variety of
low calorie foods. It is marketed under the brands Sweet 'n Low or SugarTwin.
66 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Food Additives & Preservatives
Sodium Acetate Sodium acetate is a salt of acetic acid is used in candy, cereals, sauces, grain products, fats, oils, pasta,
snack foods, jams, jellies, meat products, soups, and soup mixes either as a preservative, avoring or for pH control. It
can also be found in certain medications for use as a diuretic or alkalizer.
Sodium Benzoate Sodium benzoate is a salt of benzoic acid. It is naturally found in fruits such as plums, cranberries,
and apples as well as in cloves and cinnamon in small amounts. It is used as a preservative and antimicrobial. When it is
produced synthetically it is used in non-perishable foods such as ketchup, mustard, margarine, sausages, canned sh,
chewing gum, mayonnaise, soft drinks, pickles, fruit juices, relishes, maraschino cherries, and confections. Benzoic acid
and benzoates can cause allergies or allergy-like symptoms, especially in people who suer from asthma or already have
an allergy to salicylic acid or its derivatives. When consumed in dosages in the range of 8 to 10 grams by mouth it can
cause nausea and vomiting. Consumption may encourage hyperactivity or decreased intellect in certain children.
Sodium Bisulfate Sodium bisulfates are used are used in pickling, as a disinfectant in foods, and to prevent browning in
fruits. It can be found in ale, wine, beer, canned shrimp, and dried fruit.
Sodium Lactate Sodium lactate is a salt of lactic acid with uses including as a humectant, antioxidant, and ller. It can be
found in jams, marmalades, jellies, meat products, canned fruits, canned vegetables, and in white bread.
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) Sodium Lauryl Sulfate can be used in food as a whipping aid in cake mixes, marshmallows,
and dried-egg products, as a detergent, wetting additive, or emulsier. It can also be found in beverages, fruit drinks,
vegetable oils, and animal fats. It can also be found in personal care products such as toothpaste, shampoo, conditioner,
lotion, and other items.
Sodium Propionate Sodium propionate is a salt of propionic acid which is used to help inhibit molds and funguses from
growing on foods. It can be found in baked goods, frostings, confections, and gelatin. It can cause allergic reactions when
in contact with the skin, but can be used to treat fungal infections on the skin.
Sodium Pyrophosphate Sodium pyrophosphate is a salt of diphosphoric acid. It is used as an emulsier, sequestrant,
and texturizer. It can be found in canned ham, bacon, pickles, pork shoulders, puddings, and processed cheese.
Sodium Sulte Sodium sulte is used as a preservative, antiseptic, antioxidant, bacterial inhibitor, and browning
inhibitor. It can be found in dried fruit, wine, hard cider, frozen apples, prepared fruit pie mix, peeled potatoes, and
maraschino cherries. In sulte-sensitive individuals there can be stomach irritation, nausea, diarrhea, swelling, or skin
rashes. It can cause a decrease or destruction of Vitamin B1 (thiamine) in the body so it is not added to food that are
sources of Vitamin B1.
Sodium Tripolyphosphate Sodium Tripolyphosphates are used as a sequestrant, texturizer, water softener, and as a
preservative for meats. It can be found in pork and pork products, angel food cake mix, beef, desserts, gelling juices, goat,
poultry, veal, canned peas, lima beans, and as a diluent for Citrus Red No. 2.
Sorbic Acid Sorbic acid is made from berries of the mountain ash, but more often is chemically derived. It can be used as
a preservative in food, humectant, or preservative in cosmetics. It can also be used as a mold and yeast inhibitor in foods.
It can be found in cheeses, beverages, baked goods, chocolate syrups, potato salad, macaroni salad, coleslaw salad,
gelatin desserts, cheesecakes, cakes, fresh fruit cocktail, articially sweetened preserves/jellies, and pie llings.
Sorbitol Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol that naturally occurs in seaweed, algae, ripe berries, apples, cherries, plums, and
pears. It is used as a sugar substitute in a variety of foods and beverages, candy thickener, stabilizer in frozen desserts,
a sequestrant in vegetable oils, and as a humectant and texturizer for shredded coconut. It may be found in embalming
uid or mouthwashes. If sorbitol is consumed in excess, it may cause upset stomach, gas, and diarrhea so it is best to try
it in small amounts and gradually increase the amount over time. Sorbitol may alter the absorption of certain drugs.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 67
Food Additives & Preservatives
Succinic Acid Succinic acid is prepared from acetic acid for use as a plant-growth retardant or as a buer and
neutralizing additive in food processing. It has been utilized medicinally as a laxative. It is typically added to the
following: meats, condiments, and relishes.
Sucralose Sucralose is an articial sweetener used in place of sugar. It is marketed under the name Splenda. Sucralose
is made by adding chlorine to the sugar molecule during the manufacturing process which alters the sugar molecule
to create a calorie free sweetener that is 600 times sweeter than table sugar. Sucralose can be found in many food and
beverage products, such as candy, soft-drinks, chewing gum, frozen dairy desserts, fruit juices, fruit spreads, gelatins,
yogurts, breakfast bars, and more.
Xylitol Xylitol is a sugar alcohol that can be made from birchwood or waste products made from the pulp industry.
It can also be extracted from plums, corn, corn ber birch, and raspberries as well. It is naturally found in the bers
of many fruits and vegetables such as corn husks, oats, mushrooms, and a variety of berries. It is used as a sugar
alternative in a variety of products such as chewing gum, candies, toees, mints, toothpaste, and baked goods. It has
been found to help reduce cavities as it does not ferment in the mouth. If xylitol is consumed in excess, it may cause
upset stomach, gas, and diarrhea so it is best to try it in small amounts and gradually increase the amount over time.
68 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Food Additives & Preservatives
Acid Blue #3/Xylene Blue V Acid Blue # 3 is a synthetic dark blue color, and is banned as a food color in the US. It is
used in other applications such as dental disclosing tablets to color plaque, and in dye biopsy slides. It may be in food
purchased that is produced in European countries.
Acid Red # 14 Acid Red # 14 is a synthetic color ranging from red to maroon. It is used as a dye in wool, silk, paper,
leather, printing nylon, inks, wood stains, and drugs. It was discontinued as a food dye in the United States in 1966. If
it is used in drug and cosmetics it is called Red #10.It is a known irritant. In animal studies with high doses, there were
convulsions, comas, and bladder injuries.
Annatto Annatto is a natural food coloring derived from the seeds of the Achiote tree. The color can range from yellow
to orange. This is used to color foods such as dairy products, baked goods, margarine, cereals, bologna casings, hot
dog casings, beverages, body care products, and fabrics. It has also been used as an herbal remedy to treat diabetes,
diarrhea, fevers, heartburn, malaria, and hepatitis. Topically annatto has been used for burns, vaginitis, and as an insect
repellant.Annatto may increase blood sugar while taking diabetes medications in conjunction with it so it is important to
monitor blood sugar closely if they are being used together.
Beta-Carotene Beta-Carotene is a fat-soluble compound called a carotenoid considered to be an anti-oxidant. It occurs
naturally, but also can be made synthetically. In nature, it can be found in all plants and in many animal tissues. Beta-
Carotene is converted into provitamin A in the body. Synthetic beta-carotene is used in a variety of foods such as butter,
margarine, cheese, mayonnaise, ice cream, desserts and sausages, beverages, cosmetics, and nutritional supplements.
Although dierent foods contain beta-carotene, reactivity to beta-carotene within the Alcat Test does not necessarily
require a complete elimination of all foods high in beta-carotene. For example, if there is a moderate or severe reaction
to beta-carotene and high beta-carotene foods were being consumed, it may be best to eliminate supplemental beta
carotene and perhaps the highest food sources of beta-carotene for three months or more or six months or more.
However, if beta-carotene is a mild reaction, limiting high beta-carotene foods to two days per week may be sucient.
Individuals are encouraged to seek the advice of a professional providing nutrition guidance to clarify any restriction of
beta-carotene. Address the need to potentially avoid the following: carrots, sweet potatoes, winter squash, spinach, kale,
cantaloupe, and apricots.
Blue #1 (Brilliant Blue) Blue #1, also known as brilliant blue, is a bright blue dye that is a derivative of coal-tar. It is used
in bottled soft drinks, ice cream, ices, dry drink powders, candy, bakery products, cereals, puddings, face powders, other
cosmetics, and hair colorings. This dye may cause allergic reactions in some individuals.
Blue #2 (Indigo Carmine) Blue #2, also known as indigo carmine, is a royal blue powder that is a coal-tar derivative.
This dye is used in such food products as bottled soft drinks, bakery goods, cereals, candy, confections, dry drink
powders, mint-avored jelly, and frozen desserts. It can also be used as a dye in kidney tests and to test milk, It is
recognized as a sensitizer in allergic patients.
Brilliant Black Brilliant Black is a synthetic food color. It has many applications in foods: chocolate milk, cocoa
beverages, eggnog, yogurt, desserts, sh paste, ice cream, mustard, red fruit jams, sauces, soft drinks, soups, and sweets.
It is not recommended for consumption by children. It is banned in the following countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium,
Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Norway, Sweden, and the United States. Individuals that have aspirin
sensitivity may have an allergic reaction to this coloring.
Green #3 (Fast Green) Green #3, also known as fast green, is a sea green dye used in foods, drugs and cosmetics
(except in products which are used in the area around the eye). For example, it is used in mint-avored jelly, frozen
desserts, gelatin desserts, candy, confections, baked goods, and cereals. It has been a suspect as a sensitizer in allergic
patients.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 69
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Food Colorings
Red #2 (Amaranth Red) Red # 2, also known as amaranth red, is a dark reddish brown powder dye that when mixed
with uids turns bright red. It has been banned in the United States since January 1976, because it is suspected to cause
cancer. It is still permitted for use in Canada and Europe. It is used as a dye for textiles, leather, wood, biological stains,
and paper coatings. It may be found in cosmetics, cereals, maraschino cherries, and desserts made outside of the
United States.
Red #3 (Erythrosine) Red #3, also known as erythrosine, is a cherry red coal tar-derivative. It may be in baked goods,
candy, oral medication, maraschino cherries, toothpaste, ice cream, hot dogs, barbecue potato chips, cereals, bubble
gum, and desserts. It has been determined to be a carcinogen and may contribute to breast cancer.
Red #4 (Carmine) Red # 4, also known as carmine red #4 , is a natural food color that creates a crimson color. It is
made from a species of scaly female insects in Mexico and Central America. The bugs are dried and then used in
red applesauce, confections, baked goods, yogurts, spices, meats, fruit drinks, and cosmetics. This can cause allergic
reactions as well in certain individuals.
Red #40 (Allura Red) Red #40, also known as allura red, is a red dye that is a coal-tar derivative. It is approved for use
in cosmetics, drugs, dairy products, baked goods, candy, and beverages. It is one of the most common food dyes in the
United States. This can cause allergic reactions in some individuals.
Yellow #5 (Tartrazine) Yellow #5, also known as tartrazine, is a lemon yellow dye that is a coal-tar derivative. It can be
found in prepared breakfast cereals, candy, desserts, cereals, dry drink powders, spaghetti, soft drinks, dairy products,
drugs, cosmetics, hair rinses, hair-waving uids, and bath salts. Tartrazine appears to cause the most allergic reactions
of all the azo dyes, particularly for individuals with an aspirin sensitivities. It is used in about 60 percent of both over-the
counter and prescription medications.
Yellow #6 (Sunset Yellow) Yellow #6, also known as sunset yellow, is a coal-tar derivative that may be found in orange
jelly, marzipan, apricot jam, citrus marmalade, lemon curd, sweets, hot chocolate mix, packet soups, trie mix, bread
crumbs, candy, cheese sauce mix, soft drinks, gelatin desserts, hair rinses, and cosmetics. It is not utilized in products
that contain fats or oils. Because there is enough evidence that it can cause allergic reactions, its presence must be
clearly labeled on alcoholic beverages.
70 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Food Colorings
Alternaria Alternata Alternaria Alternata is an allergy causing fungus that is highly prevalent during the summer
months. It is commonly found as airborne spores especially during dry and windy conditions. Indoors, it is most often
found in damp conditions such as textiles, sewage, food, cardboard, and paper. It can cause allergic rhinitis and asthma.
Aspergillus Fumigatus Aspergillus Fumigatus is a spore forming mold that is commonly found indoors, in soil, and on
plants. Considered to be allergenic. but fortunately, most healthy immune systems can handle A. Fumigatus, but those
with compromised immune systems may experience Aspergillus Fumigatus caused illnesses.
Botrytis Cinerea Botrytis Cinerea is primarily an airborne fungus that attacks plants, vegetables and fruits. However,
it can live in soil awaiting more favorable conditions. It can withstand a large range in temperatures but prefers cool
temperatures with high humidity. It is always present, but environment should be controlled as much as possible to keep
conditions unfavorable to multiply. It presents itself as a grey mold on plants.
Candida Albicans Candida Albicans is a fungus/yeast that is found naturally in the intestinal tract. Since C. Albicans is
an opportunistic fungus, it will multiply if the good bacteria of the digestive tract is thrown out of balance. This causes
candidiasis, thrush, and infection.
Cephalosporium Cephalosporium is a common mold that can be found in soil and decaying plants, but can also be
found in damp conditions indoors such as carpet, walls, and even mattress dust. It can cause allergic rhinitis and asthma.
Cladosporium Herbarum Cladosporium Herbarum is one of the most widespread molds found on decaying plants but
is more prevalent indoors in damp, acrylic painted walls, wallpaper, carpet, mattress dust, in HVAC systems, and food. It
is an airborne spore that can survive in a wide range of temperatures. It can cause asthma, edema, and bronchospasm.
Curvularia Curvularia is a mold that grows well in tropical and subtropical conditions. It is commonly found in soil,
plants, wallpaper, painted woods, oors, and mattress dust. If it is inhaled, it can cause allergic rhinitis. If there is access
to the body through perforations it can cause infections, particularly in immunocompromised individuals.
Epicoccum Nigrum (Epicoccum Purpurascens) Epicoccum Nigrum (Epicoccum Purpurascens) is a mold found
worldwide as a secondary decomposer of plants, cereal grains (barley, oats, wheat, corn), textiles, and paper products.
On plants, it appears as small black blisters. It can causes allergic rhinitis and asthma.
Fusarium Oxysporum Fusarium Oxysporum is a very common opportunistic fungus found in damp conditions such
as plants and indoor humidiers. It can lie dormant for up to 30 years making it a potentially devastating fungus for
commercial crops as it blocks the plants vascular system through the roots. In humans it can cause fungal infections,
especially in immunocompromised individuals. It is oftentimes resistant to antifungal treatments and can cause allergic
symptoms and hemorrhagic syndrome which can be fatal.
Geotrichum Candidum Geotrichum Candidum is a widespread mold that can inhabit the soil, water, and air. It is very
common to nd it in food/juice that is spoiled, in polluted water, in carpet, and damp walls. Since it is airborne it poses
inhalation health risks along with risks related to perforated skin, especially in people with compromised immune
systems.
Helminthosporium Helminthosporium is a fungus that causes leaf blight (infection) on plants in humid regions and/or
seasons. Plants will exhibit signs of tan or brown spots that appear on lower leaves and spread upwards.
Hormodendrum (Cladosporium) Hormodendrum (Cladosporium) spores are more common worldwide than any other
mold spore and a leading cause of inhalation related allergies. This mold is very active in all temperatures but more
active in temperate climates. It is found in decomposing plants, leather, rubber, cloth, paper and wood products. The
spores are released after heavy rains and exposure is usually unexpected.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 71
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Molds
Monilia Sitophila More commonly known as Neurospora, it produces red/orange bread mold in bakeries and on baking
equipment. It can also help decompose burned organisms having the special ability to germinate after forest res. It is
most often used in research.
Mucor Racemosus A mold that is found all over the world and primarily grows in soil but it has also been found in
mattress dust, soft fruits, cheeses, juices, plants, and grains. Also used in the manufacturing of "sufu", a fermented
soybean product. Can cause allergic rhinitis in sensitive individuals along with asthma, although there is not a lot of
research done on the eects of M. Racemosus.
Penicillium Notatum Penicillium Notatum, now known as Penicillium Chrysogenum,is the original source used for
penicillin, the rst antibiotic. It is a widespread mold that can survive in many conditions. It is primarily an indoor mold
found in building walls, wall paper, oor, and upholstered furniture dust to name a few. It can trigger allergic reactions in
sensitive individuals including asthma, edema, and bronchospasm.
Phoma Herbarum Phoma herbarum can be found both indoors and outdoors in soil, dead plant tissues, potatoes,
moldy shower curtains, and walls. When present in wall paints, it produces pink or purple colored spots.
Pullularia (Aureobasidium) Pullularia (Aureobasidium) is a type of mildew that is associated with damp surroundings
and is found indoors and outdoors. It is a soil and leaf fungus that grows on wet wood, ooring, carpet, in walls, on
shower curtains, and even in humidier water. It can grow in a range of temperatures and once it is dried out, it can
become airborne. This commonly causes allergic rhinitis and triggers asthma.
Rhizopus Stolonifer Rhizopus Stolonifer is one of the most common occurring molds on foods, causing black bread
mold and mold on fruits such as berries, tomatoes, eggplant, and sweet potatoes. The growth usually occurs post
harvest and aects all kinds of fresh and moist foods. It is reported as allergenic.
Rhodotorula Rubra Rhodotorula Rubra, now called Rhodotorula mucilaginosa,is extremely common and found in the
air, soil, water, plants, food, and even the household environment. It survives well in moisture and can cause infections in
humans that have a compromised immune system. It grows very quickly and ranges from orange to coral in color. It has
been reported to be allergenic.
Spondylocladium Spondylocladium, also called Helminthosporium solani, is the fungus known to cause silver scurf on
potatoes. The fungus will look tan to grey on the potato and are more dicult to see on a russet potato. It occurs during
harvest and continues to worsen during storage.
Trichoderma Trichoderma is an extremely common fungus found in soil and materials made with cellulose such as
wood, textiles, cereals, and plants. It will typically invade plant roots and is also resistant to chemicals and fungicides.
Indoors it can be found in mattress dust, wallpaper, carpet, and AC lters. It can be an opportunistic pathogen to
humans, mostly infecting immunocompromised individuals.
72 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Molds
Ammonium Chloride Ammonium Chloride can be used as a dough conditioner or a yeast food in rolls, buns, and bread.
It can be used in adhesives and sealant chemicals, agricultural chemicals, and in cattle and sheep feed to reduce urinary
calculi.
Chlorine Chlorine is used in the food industry to bleach our, clean drinking water, as an antimicrobial additive in poultry
processing water, and may be used to wash fruits and vegetables. Additionally, it can be found in bleach and disinfectants
in household cleaning products. It can induce pain, inammation of mouth, throat, and stomach when inhaled. It can also
cause confusion, delirium, respiratory tract irritations, pulmonary edema, skin eruptions, and vomiting.
Deltamethrin Deltamethrin is a man-made insecticide used outdoors on lawns and golf courses. Indoors it can be used
as a spot or crack and crevice insecticide treatment. It can also be formulated into insecticide products in the form of
aerosols sprays, dusts, wettable powders, and granules.
Fluoride Fluoride is commonly found in toothpaste, mouth washes, other dental products, and water to prevent tooth
decay. It also may be used orally to prevent bone loss in people with Crohn's disease or rheumatoid arthritis or to help
treat osteoporosis.
Nickel Sulfate Nickel sulfate is the salt of nickel naturally occurring in the Earth's crust. It can be found in jewelry,
watches, eyeglasses, zippers, lighters, batteries, coins, keys, buckles, metal equipment, furniture, tools, washing machines,
razors, scissors, paper clips, cooking utensils, silverware, and canned foods. It may cause allergic contact dermatitis
and worsen areas of eczema. Although dierent foods contain nickel, reactivity to nickel within the Alcat Test does not
necessarily require a complete elimination of all foods high in nickel. For example, if there is a moderate or severe
reaction to nickel and high nickel foods were being consumed, it may be best to eliminate all the high nickel foods for
three months or more or six months or more. However, if nickel is a mild reaction, limiting high nickel foods to two days
per week may be sucient. Individuals are encouraged to seek the advice of a professional providing nutrition guidance
to clarify any restriction of nickel. Address the need to avoid the following: almond, oatmeal, buckwheat, cocoa, walnuts,
peanuts, dark chocolate, green lentils, soybean, legumes, chickpeas, yellow peas, spinach, and canned foods. Lastly, it can
also be used as a mineral supplement.
Orris Root Orris root is used in perfumery, as well as an ingredient in many brands of gin. It can also be found in
chocolate, fruit, nuts, vanilla, chewing gum, gelatin desserts, baked goods, candy, ice cream, and cream avoring for
beverages as well. For some, orris root can cause allergic reactions.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 73
Back to Reference Descriptions
Environmental Chemicals
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Acetaminophen relieves pain and fever, but
has less of an eect on pain caused by autoimmune diseases. Acetaminophen has very few side eects and is generally
well tolerated. Adverse reactions can include: acute liver failure, drowsiness, lightheadedness, dizziness, sedation,
shortness of breath, nausea, and vomiting.
Amoxicillin CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Amoxicillin is used to treat Helicobacter pylori, ear, nose, and
throat infections, genitourinary tract infections, skin and structure infections, and lower respiratory infections. People
allergic to penicillin or cephalosporins should not use amoxicillin, or if the person has asthma, liver or kidney disease,
mononucleosis, or blood clotting disorder. It may block the eects of oral contraceptives. Common side eects include
skin rash, upset stomach, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Ampicillin CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Ampicillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic primarily used to
genitourinary tract infections, gonorrhea, gastrointestinal infections, and respiratory tract infections. Adverse reactions
can include: anemia, glossitis, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rash, stomatitis, urticaria, erythema, multiforme,
agranulocytosis, eosinophilia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenic purpura. It may interfere with oral
contraceptives and increase breakthrough bleeding as well.
Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid) CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Aspirin, also known as Acetylsalicylic
Acid, relieves pain, reduces fever, and is used as an anti-inammatory. Possible side eects include GI tract bleeding,
atulence,drowsiness, tinnitus, hearing/vision impairment, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and confusion.
Diclofenac (Voltaren) CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Diclofenac is an NSAID that is mainly used for
arthritis, analgesia, to reduce inammation, and chronic pain associated with cancer. Diclofenac is one of the better
tolerated NSAIDs. Side eects can include abnormal renal function, dizziness, anemia, headaches, elevated liver enzymes,
rashes, tinnitus, pruritus, and increased bleeding time.
Diunisal (Dolobid) CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Diunisal is a non-steroidal anti-inammatory drug
(NSAID) and is used to reduce pain, swelling, and joint stiness caused by rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. It may
cause heart attack and stroke. The risk may be greater if you already have heart problems or if you take diunisal for an
extended period of time. It also may cause an increased risk of serious and sometimes fatal stomach ulcers and bleeding.
Gentamicin CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat a wide
variety of bacterial infections. Main applications of gentamicin include treatment for bacterial neonatal sepsis, bacterial
septicemia, meningitis, urinary tract. GI tract, staphylococcal pneumonia, and to treat skin bone, and soft tissue
infections caused by susceptible strains of microorganisms. It can also be used to to treat life threatening infections
from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Side eects may include: peripheral neuropathy, headaches, fever, nausea, vomiting,
hypertension, hypotension, encephalopathy, lethargy, respiratory depression, confusion, overall depression, visual
disturbances, weight loss, rashes, and decreased appetite.
Ibuprofen (Advil/Motrin) CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Ibuprofen is an NSAID that is mainly used for
the treatment of fever, mild to moderate pain from inammation, headache, dental pain, menstrual cramps, and arthritis.
It has analgesic, anti-inammatory, and antipyretic properties. Side eects may include nausea, vomiting, headache,
atulence, dizziness, hemorrhage, and anemia.
Indomethacin CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Indomethacin is a non-steroidal anti-inammatory drug
(NSAID) that is used to help with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, bursitis, tendonitis, and acute
gouty arthritis. Side eects may include dyspepsia, headache, dizziness, and nausea.
Ketoprofen CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Ketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inammatory drug
(NSAID) with analgesic and antipyretic eects. It is used to treat mild to moderate pain. It can be helpful for those
with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and primary dysmenorrhea. Side eects include nausea, abdominal pain,
constipation, diarrhea, dyspepsia, headaches, atulence, and CNS inhibition or excitation.
74 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Back to Reference Descriptions
Antibiotics & Anti-Inammatory Agents
Naproxen (Aleve) CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Naproxen is a non-steroidal anti-inammatory drug
(NSAID) that is used to treat arthritis, headaches, dental pain, gout, swelling, inammation, and menstrual cramps. It has
an anti-inammatory, anti-pyretic, and analgesic eect. Side eects can include heartburn, nausea and vomiting, and
dizziness.
Neomycin CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Neomycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic belonging to the group of
the aminoglycosides. It is used to reduce bacteria in the intestines as it kills sensitive bacteria by stopping the production
of essential proteins the bacteria needs to survive. Allergic reactions to neomycin are common. Side eects include
diarrhea and nausea.
Nystatin CATEGORY: Antifungal | DESCRIPTION: Nystatin is an polyene antifungal. It is used for the treatment of
oral candidiasis, non-esophageal GI candidiasis, and intestinal candidiasis. Side eects may include: diarrhea, nausea,
vomiting, oral irritation/sensitization, and GI upset/disturbances.
Penicillamine CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Penicillamine is a chelating drug used to treat rheumatoid
arthritis that does not respond to other treatments, Wilson disease, and cystinuria. Side eects include: abdominal pain,
nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. Brand names include: Cuprimine and Depen.
Penicillin CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Penicillin was the rst antibiotic and discovered by Alexander Fleming
in 1928. It is used for septicemia, meningitis, endocarditis, pericarditis, pneumonia, empyema, anthrax, cervicofacial
disease, clostridial infection, diphtheria, arthritis, syphilis, Listeria infections, Pasteurella infections, fusospirochetosis,
and haverhill fever/rat-bite fever. Side eects can include: Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction, phlebitis, allergic reactions,
neutropenia, pseudomembranous colitis, neurotoxic reactions, electrolyte disturbances, congestive heart failure with
high dosages, thrombophlebitis, renal tubular damage, nausea, and vomiting.
Piroxicam (Feldene) CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Piroxicam is a non-steroidal anti-inammatory
drug (NSAID) with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inammatory eects. It is used for rheumatoid arthritis and
osteoarthritis. Side eects include edema, nausea, constipation, dizziness, headaches, diarrhea, atulence, and rash.
Streptomycin CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Streptomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic that is used to
tuberculosis and infections caused by certain bacterias. Side eects can include rash and diarrhea.
Sulfamethoxazole CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Sulfamethoxazole is an antibiotic used to treat traveler's
diarrhea, urinary tract infections, acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, shigellosis, pneumonia, and acute
otitis media. Common side eects can include: nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and skin problems.
Sulindac (Clinoril) CATEGORY: Anti-Inammatory | DESCRIPTION: Sulindac is a non-steroidal anti-inammatory
drug (NSAID) used to reduce pain, swelling, and joint stiness from rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing
spondylitis. It may also be used to treat gout, bursitis, and tendonitis. Side eects include: constipation, diarrhea,
dizziness, upset stomach, nausea, headache, gas, and heartburn.
Tetracycline CATEGORY: Antibiotic | DESCRIPTION: Tetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that can be used
against many bacterial infections of the skin, respiratory tract, genitals, intestines, and lymph nodes. It can also be
used to treat acne, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, Anthrax, Listeria, Clostridium, and Actinomyces. Side eects may
include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, upset stomach, loss of appetite, vaginal itching or discharge, swollen tongue, trouble
swallowing, white patches or sores inside the mouth and lips, and sores or swelling in the rectal or genital areas. Brand
names include: Ala-Tet, Panmycin, Sumycin, Tetracap, Tetracon, Robitet 500, and Emtet-500
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 75
Antibiotics & Anti-Inammatory Agents
Açaí Berry Açai berries can be made into a juice or consumed raw. It comes from a palm tree found most prominently in
the northern area of South America. Açai berry juice may be added into beverages, ice cream, jelly, liquors, or used as a
natural food dye. It may be helpful regarding hypercholesterolemia, weight loss, obesity, osteoarthritis, detoxing, anti-aging,
metabolic syndrome, erectile dysfunction, or for overall health benets. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Amazon Açai, Amazon Açai Berry, Açai Fruit, Açai Palm, Açai Extract, Assai, or Assai Palm.
Agave Agave is a owering succulent used to make many things including tequila. Agave syrup can be used as a sugar
substitute. Additionally, agave may be used as a diuretic, and in some cases has been known to help with hair loss,
indigestion, constipation, atulence, used topically to heal bruises, and assist in inducing labor. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: American Aloe, American Agave, Century Plant, Maguey, Pite, Spreading Century Plant, or Wild
Century Plant.
Alfalfa Leaf Alfalfa Leaves are very high in chlorophyll. The leaves have many potential uses including: as a diuretic, to help
with asthma, arthritis, osteoporosis, diabetes, indigestion, for kidney conditions, bladder conditions, prostate conditions,
and may lower serum cholesterol levels. It is a natural maple, liquor, and cola avoring additive that can be found in
beverages as well as herbal teas. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Feuille de Luzerne, Grand Trèe, Herbe
aux Bisons, Herbe à Vaches, Lucerne, Luzerne, Medicago, Phytoestrogen, Phyto-oestrogène, Purple Medick, or Sanfoin.
Aloe Vera Aloe Vera is a South African plant leaf that has many uses. It can be used in bitters, spice avorings for
beverages, and vermouth. Additionally, it can be found in insect repellants, skin care products, shampoo, conditioner, and
for treating sunburns. Aloe Vera juice and water are ways it may be ingested. Aloe Vera gel has many uses including the
potential to help with the following: weight loss, diabetes, hepatitis, inammatory bowel disease, osteoarthritis, ulcers,
asthma, fever, itching, inammation, acne treatment, general skin issues, herpes simplex virus, frostbite, wound healing,
and for treating anal ssures. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Aloe Capensis, Aloe Gel, Aloe Latex, Aloe
Vera Gel, Aloe Leaf Gel, Burn Plant, Barbados Aloe, Elephant's Gall, Indian Aloe, Plant of Immortality, or Lily of the Desert.
American Ginseng American Ginseng may be used as an adaptogen, diuretic, stimulant, and for stress management. It
may also be used to help with those with anemia, diabetes, cancer-related fatigue, digestive disorders, insomnia, gastritis,
erectile dysfunction, hangover symptoms, hypertension, HIV/AIDS, ADHD, and schizophrenia. It may be found in products
that are touted as increasing energy levels such as energy drinks. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Anchi
Ginseng, Ginseng Root, North American Ginseng, Canadian Ginseng, Occidental Ginseng, Wisconsin Ginseng, or Ontario
Ginseng.
Arnica Arnica is an herb grown in alpine meadows in Europe, Central Asia, and Serbia. It is known for its anti-inammatory
benets. It can be as taken orally to potentially help with mouth and throat inammation, or used topically to help with
insect bites, bruises, aches, sprains, chapped lips, acne, myalgia, and osteoarthritis. If using topically, do not use it on open
or bleeding wounds. It can also be found in beverages, desserts, candy, baked goods, gelatins, and puddings to add avor.
Arnica may also be found in hair tonics, antidandru products, perfumes, and cosmetics. Other words that may indicate
its presence include: Mountain Arnica, Leopard's Bane, Mountain Snu, Mountain Tobacco, Wolf's Bane, Arnica Flower, or
Arnica Montana.
Ashwagandha Ashwagandha is an herb that has a root and a berry. The root is what is utilized most often. In Sanskrit, the
name means "the smell of a horse," which is not only because the root does have a distinctive smell, but also because it
may have properties that increase strength and vigor "like a horse." It is known for possibly helping with stress reduction,
fatigue, reproductive health, low libido, insomnia, hypothyroid, bromyalgia, insulin resistance, asthma, arthritis, bipolar
disorder, anxiety, ADHD, tumors, tuberculosis, hiccups and chronic liver disease. It may also be benecial for menstrual
disorders, bronchitis, improved cognitive functions, decreased inammation, and Parkinson's disease. Ashwagandha can be
used in capsule form as a supplement or may be found in herbal teas. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Ajagandha, Amangura, Amukkirag, Asan, Asana, Asgand, Asgandh, Asgandha, Ashagandha, Ashvagandha, Ashwaganda,
Ashwanga, Asoda, Asundha, Asvagandha, Aswagandha, Avarada, Ayurvedic Ginseng, Cerise d'Hiver, Clustered Wintercherry,
Ghoda Asoda, Ginseng Ayurvédique, Ginseng Indien, Hayahvaya, Indian Ginseng, Indian Winter Cherry, Kanaje Hindi,
Kuthmithi, Orovale, Peyette, Samm Al Ferakh, Samm Al Rerakh, Sogade-Beru, Strychnos, Turangi-Ghanda, Vajigandha,
Winter Cherry, or Withania.
76 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Back to Reference Descriptions
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Astragalus Astragalus is a shrubby legume native to Mongolia and northern China. It is believed to support and enhance
the immune system and may be used for people with many conditions, including: angina, hypertension, hepatitis, fatigue,
anemia, upper respiratory infections, allergic rhinitis, swine u, lung cancer, bromyalgia, prolapsed organs, weak limbs,
breast cancer, renal failure, congestive heart failure, amenorrhea, weight loss, diabetes, and chemotherapy toxicity.
Orally, astragalus may also be used as an antibacterial or antiviral. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Milk Vetch, Astragale, Astragali, Buck Qi, Chinese Astragalus, Ogi, Mongolian Milk, Radix Astragalus, Radix Astragali, or
Membranous Milk Vetch.
Barley Grass Barley grass is a nourishing food containing essential amino acids, small amounts of calcium and iron,
chlorophyll, avonoids, vitamin B12, vitamin C, and many other minerals. It may be helpful in healing the stomach,
duodenal, colon disorders, and pancreatitis. It has anti-inammatory properties as well.
Bee Pollen Bee pollen is the pollen that collects on the legs and bodies of worker bees. As result, it can also include
nectar and bee saliva. It may be used orally to help with many things such as: an appetite stimulant, improved stamina
and athletic performance, general nutrition, premature aging prevention, PMS, hay fever, allergic rhinitis, mouth sores,
painful urination, prostate issues, radiation sickness relief, obesity, relief of GI issues, and bleeding problems. It can also
be used topically in personal care products such as lotions and diaper rash creams. Other words that may indicate its
presence include: Bee Pollen Extract, Buckwheat Pollen, Extrait de Pollen d'Abeille, Honeybee Pollen, Honey Bee Pollen,
Maize Pollen, Pine Pollen, Polen de Abeja, Pollen d'Abeille, Pollen d'Abeille de Miel, or Pollen de Sarrasin.
Bilberry Bilberry is a dark purple fruit that typically only grows in the wild because it is dicult to cultivate. It is a cousin
to blueberries with many uses including the possibility to control diarrhea, improve circulation, nausea, vomiting, stomach
cramps, hemorrhoids, overall GI issues, and bladder infections. It also has been shown to potentially improve vision, help
with the treatment of varicose veins, atherosclerosis, venous insuciencies, gout, angina, diabetes, fatigue, and kidney
disease. It can be found in jams, pies, sorbets, tarts, liqueurs, and wines. Other words that may indicate its presence
include: Airelle, Arándano, Bilberry Fruit, Bilberry Leaf, Black Whortles, Bleaberry, Brimbelle, Burren Myrtle, Dwarf Bilberry,
Dyeberry, European Bilberry, Feuille de Myrtille, Fruit de Myrtille, Gueule Noire, Huckleberry, Hurtleberry, Mauret, Myrtille,
Myrtille Européenne, Myrtilli Fructus, Raisin des Bois, Swedish Bilberry, Trackleberry, Whortleberry, or Wineberry.
Black Cohosh Black Cohosh is famous for its benecial eects on women’s health. This herb is said to provide relief from
menstrual problems (including PMS) and may be a natural way to ease menopausal discomforts. It also has been shown
to possibly help with the following: ease pain of aching joints, kidney support, diuretic, fatigue, fevers, sore throat, malaria,
menstrual irregularities, arthritis, hot ashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness. Other words that may indicate its
presence include: Actée à Grappes, Actée à Grappes Noires, Actée Noire, Aristolochiaceae Noire, Baie d'actée, Baneberry,
Black Aristolochiaceae, Black Snakeroot, Bugbane, Bugwort, Cimicaire à grappes, Cimicifuga, Cimicifuge, Cohosh Negro,
Cohosh Noir, Cytise, Herbe aux Punaises, Macrotys, Phytoestrogen, Phytoestrogène, Racine de Serpent, Racine de
Squaw, Racine Noire de Serpents, Rattle Root, Rattle Top, Rattlesnake Root, Rattleweed, Rhizoma Cimicifugae, Sheng Ma,
Snakeroot, or Squaw Root.
Black Walnut Black Walnut has been a nutritious addition since ancient times from the Native American to Asian
cultures. People may use black walnut as an anti-parasitic, diphtheria, leukemia, and syphilis. Topically it can be used
as a gargle, hair dye, insecticide, and for wounds. The tannins in black walnuts possess an astringent eect, making its
dermatological application useful for viral warts, eczema, acne, psoriasis, xerosis, and poison ivy. It is important to note,
Black Walnut diers from English Walnut. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Carya, Green Black Walnut,
Green Walnut, Jupiter's Nuts, Walnoot, or Walnut.
Blessed Thistle Blessed Thistle is an herb that may be used to help with loss of appetite, indigestion, as an anti-diarrheal,
expectorant, antibiotic, diuretic, for promoting lactation, and for treating colds and fever. Topically, blessed thistle is used
as a poultice for boils, wounds, and ulcers. In manufacturing, blessed thistle is used as a avoring in alcoholic beverages.
It is important to note, Blessed Thistle diers from Milk Thistle. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Carbenia Benedicta, Cardo Bendito, Cardo Santo, Carduus, Carduus Benedictus, Chardon Béni, Chardon Bénit, Chardon
Marbré, Cnici Benedicti Herba, Cnicus, Holy Thistle, Safran Sauvage, St. Benedict Thistle, or Spotted Thistle.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 77
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Blue Cohosh Blue Cohosh may be used to stimulate the uterus to induce labor, to induce menstruation, as an
antispasmodic, for colic, sore throat, as a laxative, for cramps, hiccups, epilepsy, hysterics, rheumatic conditions, and
inammation of the uterus. The roasted seeds of blue cohosh can be used as a coee substitute. It is important to note
Blue Cohosh diers from Black Cohosh. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Actée à Grappes Bleu, Blue
Ginseng, Caulophylle, Caulophylle Faux-Pigamon, Caulophyllum, Cohosh Azul, Cohosh Bleu, Graines à Chapelet, Léontice
Faux-Pigamon, Papoose Root, Squaw Root, or Yellow Ginseng.
Boswellia Boswellia is a tree native to Northern Africa and the Middle East. Research has shown that Boswellia
produces strong special anti-inammatory compounds and also has been shown to have anti-cancer eects in some
cases. Orally, Boswellia may be used for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), rheumatism, bursitis, and tendonitis,
ulcerative colitis, collagenous colitis, Crohn's disease, abdominal pain, asthma, allergic rhinitis, sore throat, syphilis,
painful menstruation, pimples, bruises, headache, diabetes, as a stimulant, respiratory antiseptic, diuretic, and for
stimulating menstrual ow. Topically, boswellia may be used as a skin toner, to decrease wrinkles, and to reduce
radiation-induced skin toxicity. In manufacturing, boswellia resin oil and extracts are used in soaps, cosmetics, foods,
and beverages. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Boswella, Boswellie, Boswellin, Boswellin Serrata
Resin, Encens Indien, Franquincienso, Gajabhakshya, Indian Frankincense, Indian Olibanum, Oliban Indien, Olibanum,
Resina Boswelliae, Salai Guggal, Salai Guggul, Sallaki Guggul, Shallaki, or Ru Xiang.
Buchu Leaf Buchu Leaf is best known as a remedy for urinary disorders. It has been used as a urinary tract disinfectant
in cystitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), acute cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis, venereal diseases, and kidney
infections. In manufacturing, the oil from buchu may be used to give a fruit avor to foods. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: Barosmae Folium, Buccu, Bucku, Bukku, Diosma, Round Buchu, Bookoo, Bucco, or Short
Buchu.
Bupleurum Bupleurum is used in Chinese herbal formulas for treating thrombocytopenic purpura and in Japanese
herbal formulas for various chronic liver diseases like hepatitis. Orally, Bupleurum may be used for fever, the u,
swine u, the common cold, cough, fatigue, headaches, tinnitus, liver disorders, for premenstrual syndrome (PMS),
dysmenorrhea, depression, anorexia, cancer, pneumonia, malaria, angina, epilepsy, pain, muscle cramps, rheumatism,
asthma, bronchitis, indigestion, ulcers, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, constipation, insomnia, and hyperlipidemia. Other
words that may indicate its presence include: Bei Chai Hu, Bupleuri, Bupleurum Chinese, Chai Hu, Chi Hu, Chinese
Bupleurum, Chinese Thoroughwax, Hare's Ear Root, Radix Bupleuri, Saiko, Shrubby Hare's-Ear, Sickle-leaf Hare's-ear, or
Thoroughwax.
Burdock Burdock has many possible uses including: as a diuretic, blood purier, antimicrobial, an antipyretic, to
treat anorexia nervosa, gastrointestinal complaints, rheumatism, gout, cystitis, syphilitic disorders, hypertension,
arteriosclerosis, hepatitis, colds, catarrh, cancers, and as an aphrodisiac. Topically, burdock is used for dry skin, acne,
psoriasis, and eczema. The root of burdock can be consumed as a food. Other words that can indicate its presence
include: Arctium, Bardana, Bardana-minor, Bardanae Radix, Bardane, Bardane Comestible, Beggar's Buttons, Burdock
Root Extract, Burr Seed, Clotbur, Cocklebur, Cockle Buttons, Edible Burdock, Fox's Clote, Gobo, Glouteron, Grande
Bardane, Great Bur, Great Burdocks, Happy Major, Hardock, Harebur, Lappa, Love Leaves, Niu Bang Zi, Personata,
Philanthropium, Rhubarbe du Diable, or Thorny Burr.
Butcher's Broom Root Butcher's Broom may be used for hemorrhoids, gallstones, atherosclerosis, as a laxative,
diuretic, an anti-inammatory, to facilitate the healing of fractures, and for symptoms of chronic venous insuciency
such as pain, heaviness, leg cramps, leg edema, varicose veins, peripheral vascular disease, itching, and swelling.
Rhizome shoots from the plant can be consumed as a food and is prepared like asparagus. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: Balai du Boucher, Box Holly, Fragon, Hare's Apple, Houx Frelon, Jew's Myrtle, Knee Holly,
Kneeholm, Mouse Stinger, Petit Houx, Pettigree, Sweet Broom, Rusci Aculeati Rhizoma, or Rusco. It is important to note
Butcher's Broom diers from Scotch Broom or Spanish Broom.
78 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Calendula Calendula ower may be used as an antispasmodic, to induce menstrual periods, to reduce fever, for
treating cancer, and for inammation of oral and pharyngeal mucosa. Calendula has also been used orally for gastric and
duodenal ulcers and dysmenorrhea. Topically, calendula is used as an anti-inammatory, for poorly healing wounds, leg
ulcers, nosebleeds, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, proctitis, and conjunctivitis. Other words that may indicate its presence
include: Caléndula, Calendule, English Garden Marigold, Fleur de Calendule or Tous les Mois, Garden Marigold, Gold-
Bloom, Holligold, Marigold, Marybud, Pot Marigold, Souci Ocinal, or Zergul.
Cascara Cascara may be used for constipation, gallstones, as a laxative, with certain cancers, for liver ailments, or as a
bitter tonic. In manufacturing, an extract of cascara can be used as a avoring agent in foods or in the processing of some
sunscreens. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Aulne Noir, Bitter Bark, Buckthorn, California Buckthorn,
Cáscara, Cascara Sagrada, Chittem Bark, Dogwood Bark, Nerprun, Pastel Bourd, Purshiana Bark, Rhamni Purshianae
Cortex, Sacred Bark, Sagrada Bark, or Yellow Bark.
Cat's Claw Cat's claw has been used primarily as an immune stimulant as it can be used for viral infections including
human papilloma virus (HPV), herpes zoster, herpes simplex, and human immunodeciency virus (HIV). It may also be
used for diverticulitis, peptic ulcers, colitis, gastritis, dysentery, hemorrhoids, parasites, leaky bowel syndrome, chronic
fatigue syndrome, wound healing, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, allergic rhinitis, glioblastoma, urinary
tract cancers, Alzheimer's disease, gonorrhea, birth control, to cleanse the kidney, and bone pains. Other words that
may indicate its presence include: Grie Du Chat, Life-Giving Vine of Peru, or Samento. It is important to note, Cat's Claw
diers from Cat's Foot.
Catuaba Catuaba is known to be used as an aphrodisiac, for male sexual impotency, insomnia related to hypertension,
agitation, exhaustion, fatigue, neurasthenia, poor memory, forgetfulness, as a tonic, and for skin cancer. Other words that
may indicate its presence include: Caramuru, Catuaba Casca, Chuchuhuasha, Golden Trumpet, Piratancara, or Tatuaba.
Chaparral Root Chaparral has many uses, including for cancer, arthritis, venereal diseases, tuberculosis, bowel cramps,
colds, chronic cutaneous disorders, weight loss, detoxication, as a tonic, anti parasitic, anti atulent, for genitourinary
infections, respiratory tract infections, musculoskeletal inammation, skin diseases, gastrointestinal conditions, central
nervous system conditions, helps manage pain from snakebites, and chickenpox. Other words that may indicate its
presence include: Creosote Bush, Créosotier, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Jarilla, or Larreastat.
Chasteberry Chasteberry is most commonly used as a ""women's herb"" to help with menstrual irregularities,
menopause and for premenstrual syndrome (PMS). It can also used for the treatment of female infertility, preventing
miscarriage in individuals with progesterone insuciency, controlling postpartum bleeding, aiding in expulsion of the
placenta, increasing lactation, treating brocystic breasts, promoting urination, treating benign prostatic hyperplasia,
acne, reducing sexual desires, eye pain, insomnia, nervousness, dementia, rheumatic conditions, colds, dyspepsia,
spleen disorders, headaches, migraine,body inammation, fractures, and swelling. It may also be used as an anthelmintic
for insect bites and stings. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Vitex, Vitex Agnus Castus, Agni Casti,
Agnocasto, Agnolyt, Agnus-Castus, Chaste Berry, Chaste Tree, Chaste Tree Berry, Chasteberry, Chastetree, Chinese Vitex,
Gattilier, Hemp Tree, Monk's Pepper, Petit Poivre, Pimiento del Monje, Poivre de Moine, or Viticis Fructus.
Chlorella Chlorella is often used as a supplement due to its potent content of benecial nutrients, including protein,
nucleic acids, ber, vitamins, and minerals. Chlorella may also be used to boost immune function, for cancer prevention,
to protect the body from toxic metals such as lead and mercury, to slow down the aging process, to protect the body from
the eects of radiation, improve response to u vaccine, increase white blood cell counts, cold prevention, to increase
benecial ora in the gastrointestinal tract, to aid in the treatment of ulcers, colitis, Crohn's disease, diverticulosis, stress-
induced ulcer prevention, bad breath, hypertension management, reduce serum cholesterol, detoxify the body, improved
energy, constipation treatment, bad bread, PMS relief, bromyalgia, mental health improvements, and asthma attack
reduction. Topically it can be used to treat ulcers, postirradiation dermatitis, trichomoniasis and vulval leukoplakias.
Other words that indicate its presence include: Bulgarian Chlorella, Bulgarian Green Algae, Chinese Chlorella, Chlorella
Algae, Chlorelle, Clorela, Freshwater Green Algae, Freshwater Seaweed, Green Alga, Green Algae, Japanese Chlorella, or
Seaweed.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 79
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Chondroitin Chondroitin occurs naturally in the body. It is a major component of cartilage, which is the connective
tissue that cushions the joints. Chondroitin supplements are often recommended help in the management of
osteoarthritis. Chondroitin sulfate may be used for HIV/AIDS, ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, osteoporosis,
GERD, hyperlipidemia, exercise-induced muscle soreness, interstitial cystitis, Kashin-Beck disease, plaque psoriasis,
for treating iron-deciency anemia. Chondroitin sulfate may be used for dry eyes, as a viscoelastic agent in cataract
surgery, and as a medium for preservation of corneas used for transplantation. Other words that may include its
presence includes: Calcium Chondroitin Sulfate, CDS, Chondroitin Polysulfate, Chondroitin Sodium Sulfate, Chondroitin
Sulphate, Chondroïtine, Chondroïtine Sulfate A/B/C, Chondroïtine 4-Sulfate, Condroitin, CPS, CS, CSA, CSC, GAG,
Galactosaminoglucuronoglycan Sulfate, or Shark Chondroitin Sulphate.
Cnidium Monnieri Cnidium Monnieri may be used for increasing libido and sexual performance. It has also been used
to aid with erectile dysfunction, infertility, bodybuilding, increasing energy, cancer, osteoporosis, and in the treatment of
fungal and bacterial infections. Topically it can be used for rashes, eczema, pruritus, and ringworm. The fruit, seed, and
whole plant all have applicable uses. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Cnidii Monnieri Fructus, Cnidii
Rhizoma, Cnidium Extract, Cnidium Fruit/Fruit Extract, Cnidium Monnier, Cnidium Monnieri Fructus, Cnidium Seeds, Fruit
de Cnidium, Graines de Cnidium, Monnier's Snowparsley, or She Chuang.
Cramp Bark Cramp Bark is a Native American plant known to be a smooth muscle and skeletal relaxant. It is often
used to relieve menstrual cramps, cramps during pregnancy, and muscle spasms. It may also be used for spasmodic
urinary conditions, uteritis, diuretic, emetic, purgative, sedative, cancer, hysteria, infection, nervous disorders, and scurvy.
Other words that may indicate its presence include: Common Guelder-Rose, Cranberry Bush, European Cranberry-Bush,
Guelder Rose, Guelder-Rose, High Bush Cranberry, Obier, Snowball Bush, Viburno Opulus, Viorne Aquatique, Viorne
Aubier, Viorne Obier, or Viorne Trilobée.
Damiana Damiana is a wild shrub existing in Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. Historically and currently it
is used as an aphrodisiac. It has other potential uses, including for headaches, bedwetting, as an antidepressant, nervous
dyspepsia, laxative, treatment of sexual disturbances, for strength and stimulation when being overworked, and boosting
and maintaining mental and physical capacities. If Damiana is inhaled, some people experience a slight ""high."" Other
words that may indicate its presence include: Damiana Aphrodisiaca, Damiana Herb, Damiana Leaf, Damiane, Feuille de
Damiane, Mexican Damiana, Mizibcoc, Old Woman's Broom, Oreganillo, Thé Bourrique, or Turnerae Diusae Folium/
Herba.
Dandelion Root Dandelion Root is known to be a digestive and circulatory tonic. It is also used with tonsillitis, heart
failure, loss of appetite, diuretic, gallstones, liver support, digestive stimulation, joint pain, muscle aches, eczema, bruises,
to treat viral infections, some types of cancer, and UTIs. Dandelion root can be used as a coee substitute. Other words
the may indicate its presence include: Blowball, Cankerwort, Cochet, Common Dandelion, Dandelion Extract, Dent-de-
Lion, Diente de Leon, Dudal, Endive Sauvage, Fausse Chicorée, Florion d'Or, Lion's Teeth, Lion's Tooth, Pissenlit, Priest's
Crown, Pu Gong Ying, Salade de Taupe, Swine Snout, Taraxaci Herba, Taraxacum, Tête de Moine, or Wild Endive.
Deer Antler Velvet Deer Antler Velvet, also known as Deer Velvet, is used as an aphrodisiac, to boost strength
and endurance, for muscle aches/pains, to increase mental clarity, treat sexual dysfunction, to boost estrogen and
testosterone levels, stress management, improve immune system, improve fertility, for menstrual and menopause
problems, to reduce cholesterol and high blood pressure, for liver and kidney disorders, to protect the liver from toxins,
for migraines, asthma, indigestion, osteoporosis, impotence, help with cold extremities, soreness/weakness in the lower
back and knee, leukorrhea, uterine bleeding, chronic skin ulcers, and acne. It also has anti-cancer and anti-inammatory
properties and can be used as a tonic for children with learning disabilities, failure to thrive, insucient growth, and
mental retardation. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Andouiller de Cerf, Bois de Cerf, Bois de
Chevreuil, Bois de Velours, Bois de Wapiti, Cornu Cervi Parvum, Deer Antler, Elk Antler, Elk Antler Velvet, Horns of Gold, Lu
Rong, Nokyong, Rokujo,Velours de Cerf, Velvet Antler, Velvet Deer Antler, Velvet of Young Deer Horn.
80 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Dong Quai Dong Quai is known to support women's reproductive health by addressing conditions like dysmenorrhea,
infertility, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and menopausal symptoms. It is also used as a circulatory tonic, to help with
migraines, hypertension, rheumatism, ulcers, anemia, treatment of skin depigmentation, psoriasis, prevention and
treatment of allergic attacks, and constipation. It can be used intravenously for pulmonary hypertension, coronary heart
disease, and ischemic stroke. Topically, it can be included in a mix of other items for treating premature ejaculation. Other
words that may indicate its presence includes: Angelica China, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Angélique Chinoise, Angélique de
Chine, Chinese Angelica, Dang Gui, Danggui, Danguia, Don Quai, Kinesisk Kvan, Ligustilides, Phytoestrogen, Radix Angelicae
Gigantis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Tan Kue Bai Zhi, Tang Kuei, Tanggwi, Toki.
Echinacea (Angustifolia) Echinacea is best known to boost immunity. It can help with the treatment and prevention of
the common cold, the u, and other upper respiratory infections. It is also used for ghting against other infections such
as: otitis media, UTIs, vaginal candidiasis, herpes simplex virus, human papilloma virus, HIV/AIDS, septicemia, tonsillitis,
streptococcus infections, syphilis, typhoid, malaria, swine u, diphtheria, and warts. Echinacea can be used topically for
boils, skin wounds, skin ulcers, gingivitis, abscesses, UV radiation-induced skin damage, herpes simplex, Candida infections,
eczema, bee stings, snake bites, mosquito bites, hemorrhoids, and psoriasis. Other words that may indicate its presence
include: American Cone Flower, Black Sampson, Black Susans, Brauneria Angustifolia/Pallida, Comb Flower, Coneower,
Echinaceawurzel, Échinacée, Equinácea, Fleur À Hérisson, Hedgehog, Igelkopfwurzel, Indian Head, Kansas Snakeroot,
Narrow-leaved Purple Cone Flower, Pale Coneower, Purple Cone Flower, Purpursonnenhutkraut, Purpursonnenhutwurzel,
Red Sunower, Rock-Up-Hat, Roter Sonnenhut, Rudbeckie Pourpre, Schmallblaettrige, Scurvy Root, Snakeroot,
Sonnenhutwurzel.
Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) Elderberry is native to North America, Europe, and Northern Africa. It is best known for
its immune function benets such as ghting colds, inuenza, and swine u. Other potential uses include helping with:
cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, headache, toothache, diuretic, laxative, HIV/AIDS, chronic fatigue syndrome, allergic
rhinitis, sinusitis, sciatica, neuralgia, cancer, and a mild diaphoretic. In foods, elderberry can be used in pies, jams, wines, and
used as an overall food avoring. Topically, it may be used for gingivitis. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Arbre de Judas, Baccae, Baises de Sureau, Black-Berried Alder, Black Elder, Black Elderberry, Boor Tree, Bountry, Common
Elder, Elder, Elder Berry, Elderberries, Elderberry Fruit, Ellanwood, Ellhorn, European Alder, European Black Elder, European
Black Elderberry, European Elderberry, European Elder Fruit, European Elderberry, Fruit de Sureau, Grand Sureau, Hautbois,
Holunderbeeren, Sabugeuiro-negro, Sambequier, Sambu, Sambuc, Sambuci Sambucus, Sambugo, Sauco, Saúco Europeo,
Schwarzer Holunder, Sureau, Sureau, Sus, Suseau, or Sussier. It is important to note Elderberry diers from Elderower,
American Elder, and Dwarf Elder.
Essiac Essiac is a Native American formula rediscovered by Canadian cancer nurse Rene Caisse. It is a mixture of burdock
root, sheep sorrel, slippery elm, and Indian rhubarb root and is consumed as supplement or a tea. Essiac is most notably
known as an anti-cancer treatment, because it said to enable the body to eectively remove toxins and wastes which allows
for cell renewal and revitalized health. Other uses for Essiac include: gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, and AIDS.
Evening Primrose Evening Primrose oil is used as a dietary source of the essential fatty acid, GLA. It is commonly used to
help with premenstrual symptoms, endometriosis, and hot ashes due to menopause. It may also help with the treatment
of skin conditions like: atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, acne, and ichthyosis, heart disease, lowering cholesterol, arthritis,
osteopenia, osteoporosis, Raynaud's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, Sjogren's syndrome, liver cancer, hepatitis B, dyspraxia,
dyslexia, intermittent claudication, alcoholism, tardive dyskinesia, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, chronic fatigue
syndrome, asthma, diabetic neuropathy, ADHD, obesity, and gastrointestinal disorders. Other words that may indicate its
presence include: Aceite de Onagra, Cis-Linoleic Acid, EPO, Evening Primrose Oil, Evening Primrose Seed Oil, Evening Star,
Fever Plant, Herbe-aux-ânes, Huile de Graines d'Onagre, Huile de Primerose, Huile de Primevère Vespérale, Jambon de
Jardinier/Paysan, King's Cureall, Mâche Rouge, Night Willow-Herb, Oil of Evening Primrose, Onagraire, Onagre Bisannuelle,
Onagre Commune, Primevère du Soir, Primrose, Primrose Oil, Scabish, Scurvish, Sun Drop, or Tree Primrose.
False Unicorn False Unicorn is known to be one of the best tonics for the female reproductive system. It is used for ovarian
cysts, menstrual problems, menopause, threatened miscarriage, nausea/vomiting from pregnancy, infertility, and balancing
hormones after contraceptive use. It can also be used as a diuretic or to help rid the intestines of worms. Other words that
may indicate its presence include: Blazing Star, Chamaelire Doré, Fairywand, Fausse Licorne, Helonias, Plante Étoilée, or
Starwort.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 81
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Feverfew Feverfew is most commonly used for headaches and prevention of migraines. It also helps lower fever,
menstrual irregularities, arthritis, allergies, asthma, vertigo, tinnitus, psoriasis, nausea, vomiting, atulence, dyspepsia,
infertility, anemia, anti-cancer eects, liver disease, and orthopedic disorders. Other words that may indicate its presence
include: Altamisa, Bachelor's Buttons, Chrysanthème Matricaire, Featerfoiul, Featherfew, Featherfoil, Flirtwort Midsummer
Daisy, Grande Camomille, Matricaria, Partenelle, Pyrèthre Doré/Mousse, Santa Maria, Tanaceti Parthenii, or Tanaisie
Commune.
Fo-Ti Root Fo-Ti Root is a Chinese herb used for treating lymph node tuberculosis, prostatitis, constipation, and as a
liver, kidney, and circulatory tonic. Fo-ti has also been used for hyperlipidemia, insomnia, hair loss, tinnitus associated
dizziness, and to strengthen muscles, tendons, and bones. Fo-ti extract may be found in hair and skin products. Other
words that may indicate its presence include: Chinese Cornbind, Chinese Knotweed, Climbing Knotweed, Flowery
Knotweed, Fo Ti Tieng, Fo-Ti-Tient, He Shou Wu, Ho Shou Wu, Multiora Preparata, Poligonum, Poligonum Multiorum,
Polygonum, Polygonum Multiorum Thunberg, Racine de Renouée Multiore, Radix Polygoni Multiori, Radix Polygoni
Shen Min, Renouée, Rhizoma Polygonata, Shen Min, Shou Wu, Shou Wu Pian, Shou-Wu-Pian, Tuber Fleeceower, Zhihe
Shou Wu, or Zi Shou Wu.
Gingko Biloba Gingko Biloba is one of the longest living tree species in the world. It is best known for its use to improve
memory. As result, it is oftentimes used for dementia and Alzheimer's. Other potential uses include: vertigo, mood
disturbances, hearing disorders, circulatory tonic, macular degeneration, ADHD, autism, diabetic retinopathy, PMS,
chronic fatigue syndrome, and lowering cholesterol. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Abricot Argenté
Japonais, Adiantifolia, Arbe aux Écus, Arbe du Ciel, Arbre Fossile, Bai Guo Ye, Baiguo, Extrait de Feuille de Ginkgo, Fossil
Tree, Ginkgo Biloba Leaf, Ginkgo Folium, Graine de Ginkgo, Japanese Silver Apricot, Kew Tree, Maidenhair Tree, Noyer du
Japon, Pei Go Su Ye, Salisburia Adiantifolia, Yen Xing, or Yinhsing.
Glucosamine Glucosamine (glucosamine hydrochloride) is a natural compound found in healthy cartilage, thus used for
osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and joint pain. It has also been used to help with glaucoma and temporomandibular
disorder. Glucosamine supplements are derived from the exoskeletons of shrimp, lobster, and crabs, and so it is
important to avoid among those with shellsh allergies. It is important to note Glucosamine diers from Glucosamine
sulfate and N-acetyl glucossamine. Other words that may indicate its presence include: 2-Amino-2-Deoxy-D-
Glucosehydrochloride, 2-Amino-2-Deoxy-Beta-D-Glucopyranose Hydrochloride, Amino Monosaccharide, Chitosamine
Hydrochloride, Chlorhidrato de Glucosamina, Chlorhydrate de Glucosamine, D-Glucosamine HCl, D-Glucosamine
Hydrochloride, Glucosamine, Glucosamine HCl, Glucosamine KCl, or Glucosamine-6-Phosphate.
Goji Berry Goji berry is a circulatory, liver, kidney, and eye tonic. It is used for diabetes, hypertension, fever, malaria,
cancer, and to strengthen muscles and bone. Goji berries can be eaten raw or used in cooking. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: Baie de Goji, Barberry Matrimony Vine, Chinese Boxthorn, Chinese Wolfberry, Di Gu Pi, Duke
of Argyll's Teaplant/Teatree, Fructus Lychii Chinensis, Fructus Lycii, Fruit de Lycium, Goji de l'Himalaya, Goji Juice, Gou Qi
Zi, Gouqizi, Himalayan Goji, Jus de Goji, Kuko, Licium Barbarum, Lyciet Commun/de Barbarie/de Chine, Lycii Berries, Lycii
Chinensis, Lycii Fructus/ Fruit, Lycium Fruit, Matrimony Vine, Ning Xia Gou Qi, or Wolfberry.
Goldenseal Goldenseal is best know as an immune enhancer helping with the common cold and other upper respiratory
infections. It also has antimicrobial, antibacterial, and antiinammatory properties and so it is oftentimes used to alleviate
skin conditions or used as a mouthwash to alleviate sore gums. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Chinese Goldenseal, Eye Balm, Eye Root, Goldenroot, Goldsiegel, Ground Raspberry, Hydraste, Hydraste du Canada,
Indian Dye/Plant/Turmeric, Jaundice Root, Orange Root, Racine Orange, Sello de Oro, Turmeric Root, Warnera, Wild
Curcuma, Yellow Indian Paint, Yellow Paint, Yellow Puccoon, or Yellow Root.
82 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Gotu Kola Gotu Kola is a commonly used herb in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Its main use is for fatigue, anxiety,
depression, improving memory, and cognitive function. It is also used for GI issues, atherosclerosis, venous insuciencies,
UTI's, tuberculosis, shingles, and the common cold. Topically it is used for wound healing, stretch marks, keloids, and reducing
scars. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Brahma-Buti, Brahma-Manduki, Brahmi, Centella, Centella Asiática/
Asiatique, Centellase, Divya, Hydrocotyle, Hydrocotyle Asiatique, Hydrocotyle Indien, Indischer Wassernabel, Idrocotyle, Indian
Pennywort, Indian Water Navelwort, Ji Xue Cao, Khulakhudi, Luei Gong Gen, Luo De Da, Madecassol, Mandukaparni, Manduk
Parani, Mandukig, Marsh Penny, TECA, TTFCA, Talepetrako, Thick-Leaved Pennywort, Tsubo-kusa, Tungchian, or White Rot.
Grape Seed Extract Grape Seed Extract has antioxidant, anti-aging, and anti-cancer benets. It is oftentimes used for
the prevention of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, varicose veins, hemorrhoids. Grape seed is used for diabetes
complications such as neuropathy or retinopathy. It also helps prevent dental caries. Other words that may indicate its
presence include: Activin, Black Grape Raisins, Calzin, Concord Grape, Draksha, Enocianina, European Wine Grape, Extrait
de Feuille de Raisin/de Vigne Rouge/de Peau de Raisin/de Pepins de Raisin, Flame Grape/Raisins, Folia Vitis Viniferae, Grape
Leaf, Grape Leaf Extract, Grape Seed, Grape Seed Oil, Grape Skin, Grape Skin Extract, Grapeseed, Huile de Pépins de Raisin,
Kali Draksha, Leucoanthocyanin, Muscat, Muskat, Oligomères Procyanidoliques, Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins, Oligomeric
Procyanidins, OPC, PCO, Peau de Raisin, Pépin de Raisin, Proanthocyanidines Oligomériques, Proanthodyn, Proanthodyne,
Procyanidines Oligomériques, Procyanidolic Oligomers, Raisin Blanc, Raisin de Table, Raisin de Vigne, Raisins, Raisins Noirs,
Red Malaga, Red Vine Leaf AS 195, Red Vine Leaf Extract, Sultanas, or Uva.
Guarana Seed Guarana is named for the Guarani tribe in the Amazon, who used the seeds to brew a drink. Guarana seed
is known to be a general tonic, stimulant, and intestinal cleanser. It also can potentially increase mental alertness, improve
stamina, and endurance, thus reducing fatigue. Because of these benets, Guarana is oftentimes found in energy and weight
loss promoting products. It may be used for headaches, hypotension, UTI's, diarrhea, as an antimalarial, or as an aphrodisiac.
Other words that may indicate its presence include: Brazilian Cocoa, Cacao Brésilien, Guarana Seed Extract, Guaranine, or
Zoom.
Gymnema Sylvestre Gymnema Sylvestre may be used for diabetes, metabolic syndrome, weight loss, and cough.
Other conditions that it may used for include as a snake bite antidote, antimalarial, digestive stimulant, laxative, appetite
suppressant, and diuretic. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Gemnema Melicida, Gimnema, Gur-Mar,
Gurmari, Gurmarbooti, Gymnéma, Madhunashini, Merasingi, Meshasring, Meshashringi, Miracle Plant, Periploca of the
Woods, Shardunika, or Vishani.
Hawthorn Berry Hawthorn Berry may be useful for cardiovascular and circulatory disorders, anemia, high cholesterol,
lowered immunity, as a sedative, anxiolytic, antispasmodic, astringent, and diuretic. It also has been useful as an anti-parasitic
and the treatment of gastrointestinal conditions. Other words that may indicate its presence includes: Aubépine, Bianco
Spino, Bois de Mai, Cenellier, Chinese Hawthorn, Crataegi Flos, Crataegi Folium, Crataegi Folium Cum Flore, Crataegi Fructus,
Crataegus, English Hawthorn, Epine Blanche, Epine de Mai, Espino Blanco, Fructus Crataegi, Haagdorn, Hagedorn, Harthorne,
Haw, Hedgethorn, LI 132, LI132, Maybush, Maythorn, Mehlbeebaum, Meidorn, Nan Shanzha, Noble Épine, Shen Zha, Oneseed
Hawthorn, Poire d'Oiseaux, Sable Épine, Shanzha, Weissdorn, Whitehorn, or WS 1442.
Horny Goat Weed Horny Goat Weed has been used in China for thousands of years as a powerful aphrodisiac. Orally, it
is commonly used for impotence, involuntary ejaculation, sexual dysfunction, osteoarthritis, mental and physical fatigue,
memory loss, hypertension, coronary heart disease, bronchitis, chronic hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and chronic leukopenia. Horny
Goat Weed also has antimicrobial eects, so it may be found in some personal care products. Other words that may indicate
its presence include: Barrenwort, Épimède, Epimedium, Epimedium Grandiorum Radix, Herba Epimedii, Herbe Cornée de
Chèvre, Hierba de Cabra en Celo, Xian Ling Pi, or Yin Yang Huo.
Horse Chestnut Horse Chestnut protects against damage to the vascular system as it makes capillary walls less porous. It
also protects against UV radiation, reduces excess tissue uid, is good for varicose veins, and easing nighttime muscle spasms.
Other words that may indicate its presence include: Aescin, Buckeye, Castaño de Indias, Châtaignier de Mer/des Chevaux,
Chestnut, Escine, Faux-Châtaignier, Hippocastani Cortex, Hippocastani Flos, Hippocastani Folium, Hippocastani Semen,
Hippocastanum Vulgare Gaertn, Marron Europeen, Marronnier, Spanish Chestnut, Venastat, Venostat, Venostasin Retard, or
White Chestnut.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 83
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Horsetail Horsetail is used often used for kidney and bladder issues such as: diuresis, edema, kidney and bladder
stones, UTI's, and incontinence. Horsetail has also been useful in alopecia, strengthening nger nails, gout, osteoarthritis,
osteoporosis, antirheumatic, menorrhagia, and nasal, pulmonary, and gastric hemorrhage. Other words that may indicate
its presence include: Asprêle, Bottle Brush, Cavalinha, Coda Cavallina, Cola de Caballo, Common Horsetail, Corn Horsetail,
Dutch Rushes, Equiseti Herba, Field Horsetail, Herbe à Récurer, Horse Herb, Horse Willow, Paddock-Pipes, Pewterwort,
Prele, Prêle, Prêle Commune, Prêle des Champs, Queue-de-Chat, Queue-de-Cheval, Queue-de-Rat, Queue-de-Renard,
Scouring Rush, Shave Grass, Spring Horsetail, or Toadpipe.
Huperzine Huperzine A, although derived from a plant, is a laboratory-manipulated, highly puried drug. Huperazine A
may be used with Alzheimer's disease due to its benets with cognitive enhancement, age-related memory impairment,
increasing alertness and energy, protection from neurotoxic agents including organophosphate nerve gases, glutamate
toxicity, and for treating myasthenia gravis. Other words that may indicate its presence include: HupA, Huperzina A,
Huperzine, Huperzine-A, Selagine, or Sélagine.
Irish Moss Irish Moss is used to soothe mucous membranes irritated by cough, bronchitis, tuberculosis, and intestinal
problems. It acts as an expectorant and aids in the formation of stools. It is also used in skin lotions and in hair rinses for
dry hair. Carageenan can be made using Irish Moss.
Juniper Berry Juniper berry may be used orally for urinary tract infections, dyspepsia, gas, heartburn, bloating, appetite
loss, kidney and bladder stones, certain types of cancer, gastrointestinal infections, snakebites, intestinal worms, and
diabetes. Topically, it may be used for wounds, rheumatic pains in joints and muscles, and inammatory diseases. It may
be inhaled in the form of an essential oil to help as an analgesic for pain or for bronchitis. It may be used in foods like
gin, bitters, or as a avoring agent in foods and beverages. Juniper oil may be found as an ingredient in soaps and/or
cosmetics. Other names that may indicate its presence include: Baie de Genévrier, Common Juniper, Enebro, Extrait de
Genévrier, Genévrier, Genévrier Commun, Genievre, Genièvre, Ginepro, Huile de Baies de Genévrier, Huile de Genévrier,
Juniperi Fructus, Wacholderbeeren, or Zimbro.
Kava Kava Kava Kava is best known to induce physical and mental relaxation. It has been benecial in the treatment of
anxiety disorders, stress, ADHD, insomnia, and restlessness. Kava Kava also acts as a diuretic, antiseptic, and GI tonic.
It has been shown to be an analgesic, an anticonvulsive, and protects the central nervous system. Topically, it can be
used to promote wound healing and as a mouthwash for canker sores and toothaches. Other words that may indicate
its presence include: Kava, Ava Pepper, Ava Root, Awa, Gea, Gi, Intoxicating Long Pepper, Kao, Kavain, Kavapipar, Kawa,
Kawa Kawa, Kawa Pepper, Kawapfeer, Kew, Lawena, Long Pepper, Malohu, Maluk, Maori Kava, Meruk, Milik, Poivre
des Cannibales, Poivre des Papous, Rauschpfeer, Rhizome Di Kava-Kava, Sakau, Tonga, Waka, Wurzelstock, Yagona,
Yangona, Yaqona, Yaquon, or Yongona.
Korean Ginseng Korean Ginseng, also known as Panax Ginseng, is a known adaptogen. It may increase resistance
to environmental stress and can be a tonic for general well-being, may stimulate immune function, improve stamina,
cognitive function, concentration, and memory. Panax ginseng is often times used orally for sexual health by helping
with erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, impotence, male fertility, and sexual arousal in women. In women is has
also been used with bromyalgia and menopausal symptoms. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Asian
Ginseng, Asiatic Ginseng, Chinese Ginseng, Chinese Red Ginseng, Ginseng Asiatique, Ginseng Blanc, Ginseng Blanc de
Corée, Ginseng Chinois, Ginseng Coréen, Ginseng Coréen Rouge, Ginseng de Corée, Ginseng Japonais, Ginseng Oriental,
Ginseng Panax, Ginseng Radix Alba, Ginseng Root, Ginseng Rouge, Ginseng Sino-coréen, Ginseng Tibétain, Guigai, Hong
Shen, Insam, Japanese Ginseng, Jen-Shen, Jinsao, Jintsam, Korean Ginseng, Korean Ginseng Root, Korean Panax, Korean
Panax Ginseng, Korean Red/White Ginseng, Manchurian Ginseng, Mandragore de Chine, Ninjin, Ninzin, Oriental Ginseng,
Panax Coréen, Panax Ginseng Blanc, Racine de Vie, Radix Ginseng Rubra, Red Chinese Ginseng, Red Ginseng, Red Kirin
Ginseng, Red Panax Ginseng, Renshen, Renxian, Sheng Shai Shen, Tibetan Ginseng, White Ginseng, or White Panax
Ginseng. It is important to note Korean Ginseng diers from American and Siberian Ginseng.
84 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Lavender Lavender is used to relieve stress, headaches, depression, and skin benets. Topically lavender is used for
alopecia areata, and as a mosquito/insect repellent. Lavender can be used in foods and beverages as a avoring or in
soaps and cosmetics as a fragrance ingredient. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Alhucema, Common
Lavender, English Lavender, French Lavender, Garden Lavender, Huile Essentielle de Lavande, Lavanda, Lavande,
Lavandula, Lavender Essential Oil, Ostokhoddous, Spanish Lavender, Spike Lavender, or True Lavender.
Lemon Balm Lemon balm is used to alleviate stress, restlessness, anxiety, and insomnia. It has also been used in the
treatment for Alzheimer’s and for gastrointestinal problems such as: bloating, gas, colic, dyspepsia, and vomiting. Lemon
balm is known to relieve pain, so it is often used for cramps, headaches, and toothaches. In foods and beverages lemon
balm extract may be used for avoring. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Balm, Bálsamo de Limón,
Cure-All, Dropsy Plant, Honey Plant, Melisa, Melissa, Melissae Folium, Mélisse, Mélisse Citronnelle, Mélisse Ocinale,
Melissenblatt, Monarde, Sweet Balm, Sweet Mary, or Toronjil.
Lobelia Lobelia is used for respiratory issues such as: asthma, bronchitis, and whooping cough. It is also a known sedative
and for treating apnea in newborns. Topically, it has been used for bruises, insect bites, muscle inammation, poison
ivy, and ringworm. Furthermore, it is used as an ingredient in smoking cessation products, cough preparations, and
counterirritant products. Other words that indicate its presence include: Asthma Weed, Bladderpod, Emetic Herb, Gagroot,
Herbe à Asthme, Indian Tobacco, Lobélie, Lobélie Brûlante, Lobélie Enée, Lobélie Gonée, Pukeweed, Tabac Indien, Vomit
Wort, or Wild Tobacco.
Luo Han Guo (Lo Han or Monk Fruit) Luo Han Guo, better known as Lo Han or Monk Fruit, is known as the "longevity
fruit" in China. The fruit is well-known for its sweet taste. It may be found in alternative sweetener products. Recent
studies on Luo Han Go are investigating potential antioxidant activities, and anti-cancer properties.
Lutein Lutein provides nutritional support to our eyes and skin. It is used for preventing age-related macular
degeneration, cataracts, and retinitis pigmentosa. Lutein has also been used in the treatment of diabetes, cardiovascular
disease, breast cancer, and colon cancer. Although dierent foods contain lutein, reactivity to lutein within the Alcat
Test does not necessarily require a complete elimination of all foods high in lutein. For example, if there is a moderate
or severe reaction to lutein and high lutein foods were being consumed, it may be best to eliminate all the high lutein
foods for three months or more or six months or more. However, if lutein is a mild reaction, limiting high lutein foods to
two days per week may be sucient. Individuals are encouraged to seek the advice of a professional providing nutrition
guidance to clarify any restriction of lutein. Address the need to potentially avoid the following: supplemental lutein, green
vegetables, egg yolk, kiwi fruit, grapes, orange juice, zucchini, squash, pistachio nuts, and corn. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: All-E-Lutein, All-E-Zeaxanthin, All-E-3'-Dehydro-Lutein, Carotenoid, Caroténoïde, E-Lutein,
Luteina, Lutéine, Lutéine Synthétique, Xanthophyll, Xanthophylle, Zeaxanthin, or Zéaxanthine.
Lycopene Lycopene is a phytonutrient found in dierent fruits and vegetables, but predominantly in tomatoes.
Orally, lycopene is used for the prevention of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer due to its antioxidant
properties. It may also be used for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, benign prostatic hyperplasia, asthma, and
cataracts. Although dierent foods contain lycopene, reactivity to lycopene within the Alcat Test does not necessarily
require a complete elimination of all foods high in lycopene. For example, if there is a moderate or severe reaction to
lycopene and high lycopene foods were being consumed, it may be best to eliminate all the high lycopene foods for three
months or more or six months or more. However, if lycopene is a mild reaction, limiting high lycopene foods to two days
per week may be sucient. Individuals are encouraged to seek the advice of a professional providing nutrition guidance to
clarify any restriction of lycopene. Address the need to potentially avoid the following: supplemental lycopene, tomatoes,
apricots, grapefruit, fresh papaya, and watermelon. Other words that may indicate its presence include: All-Trans
Lycopène, Cis-Lycopène, Licopeno, Lycopène, or Psi-Psi-Carotène.
Maca Root Maca Root is known to increase energy and as an immune tonic. It is also commonly used for anemia, chronic
fatigue syndrome, menopausal and menstrual symptoms, fertility, and impotence. Maca can be added in foods such
as baked, roasted, or prepared foods. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Ayak Chichira, Ayuk Willku,
Ginseng Andin, Ginseng Péruvien, Maca Maca, Maca Péruvien, Maino, Maka, Peruvian Ginseng, or Peruvian Maca.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 85
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Maitake Mushroom Maitake Mushroom is an edible mushroom that has been consumed in Asia for thousands
of years. Maitake mushroom is used for chronic fatigue syndrome, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, cholesterol, hyperlipidemia,
diabetes, PCOS, and for weight loss and/or management. Additionally, it is used in the treatment of cancers and
chemotherapy support. Maitake mushrooms are edible and may be included in Asian cuisine. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: Champignon Dansant, Champignon Maitake, Dancing Mushroom, Grifola, Hen Of The
Woods, Hongo Maitake, King Of Mushrooms, Monkey's Bench, Roi des Champignons, or Shelf Fungi.
Marshmallow Root Marshmallow Root aids the body in expelling excess uid and mucus. Because of this, it is often
used for respiratory tract infections and dry coughs. It is good for bladder infections, UTIs, and gastrointestinal issues
like, gastritis, diarrhea, peptic ulcers, and constipation. Topically, marshmallow root may be used to heal chapped skin,
as a poultice for skin inammations or burns, to help with wound healing, for varicose and thrombotic ulcers, and for
abscesses. Marshmallow root can be found in various foods and beverages. Other words that may indicate its presence
include: Altea, Alteia, Althaeae Folium, Althaeae Radi, Althea, Althée, Guimauve, Gulkhairo, Herba Malvae, Mallards,
Malvavisco, Marsh Maillo, Mauve Blanche, Mortication Root, Racine de Guimauve, Sweet Weed, or Wymote.
Milk Thistle (Silymarin) Milk Thistle is best known for its hepatoprotective properties. It protects the liver from
pollutants and toxins by preventing free radical damage and stimulating the manufacturing of new liver cells.
Additionally, it is benecial for kidney health, gallbladder, adrenals, inammatory bowel disorders, psoriasis, and immune
system. Milk thistle is grown as a vegetable for salads. It is important to note that milk thistle diers from blessed thistle.
Other words that may indicate its presence include: Artichaut Sauvage, Cardo Lechoso, Cardui Mariae Fructus, Cardui
Mariae Herba, Carduus Marianum, Chardon Argenté, Chardon de Marie, Chardon de Notre-Dame, Chardon Marbré,
Chardon-Marie, Épine Blanche, Holy Thistle, Lady's Thistle, Lait de Notre-Dame, Legalon, Marian Thistle, Mariendistel,
Mary Thistle, Shui Fei Ji, Silibinin, Silybe de Marie, Silybin, Silybum, Silymarin, or St. Mary Thistle.
Mistletoe European Mistletoe may help reduce side eects of chemotherapy or radiation therapy, may help with
cardiovascular conditions, high blood pressure, gout, hemorrhoids, infantile convulsions, depression, sleep disorders,
headaches, amenorrhea, vertigo, gallbladder or liver conditions, internal bleeding, and may be used as a tranquilizer.
Other words that it is known as: All-Heal, Banda, Birdlime Mistletoe, Blandeau, Bois de Sainte-Croix, Bouchon, Devil's
Fuge, Drudenfuss, Eurixor, Guérit-Tout, Gui, Gui Blanc, Gui Blanc d'Europe, Gui des Feuillus, Gui d'Europe, Gui Européen,
Helixor, Herbe de Chèvre, Hexenbesen, Hurchu, Iscador, Isorel, Leimmistel, Mistlekraut, Mistletein, Mistletoe, Muérdago
Europeo, Mystyldene, Nid de Sorcière, Pain de Biques, Rini, Verquet, Vert-Bois, Vert de Pommier, Visci, Vogelmistel, or
Vysorel.
Motherwort Motherwort provides support for women during childbirth as a pain reliever and as a tranquilizer.
Additionally, it is helpful for menstrual and menopausal disorders, and it is know as a cardiovascular tonic. Topically,
motherwort may be used for itching and shingles. Other words that can indicate its presence include: Agripalma,
Agripaume, Cardiaire, Cardiaque, Cheneuse, Chinese Motherwort, Creneuse, Herbe Piquante, Herbe des Tonneliers,
Leonuri cardiacae herba, Leonurus Cardica, Lion's Ear, Lion's Tail, Mélisse Sauvage, Oreille de Lion, Patte de Sorcier,
Plante Mère, Queue de Lion, Roman Motherwort, Throw-Wort, or Yi Mu Cao.
Mullein Leaf Mullein Leaf may act as a laxative, painkiller, and sleep aid. It is also useful for respiratory conditions,
earaches, and swollen glands. Topically, mullein leaf is used for wounds, burns, bruises, frostbite, hemorrhoids, and
inamed mucosa. Mullein leaf is used in manufacturing as a avoring agent in alcoholic beverages. Other words that
may indicate its presence include: Adam's Flannel, American Mullein, Beggar's Blanket, Blanket Herb/Leaf, Bouillon Blanc,
Bouillon Jaune, Candleower, Candlewick, Cierge Cotonneux, Cierge de Notre-Dame, Clot-Bur, Clown's Lungwort, Cuddy's
Lungs, Due, European Mullein, Faux Bouillon-Blanc, Feltwort, Flannelower, Fluweed, Gidar Tamaku, Gordolobo, Hag's
Taper, Hare's Beard, Hedge Taper, Herbe de Saint-Fiacre, Higtaper, Jacob's Sta, Longwort, Molène, Orange Mullein,
Oreille de Loup, Oreille de Saint Cloud, Our Lady's Flannel, Queue de Loup, Rag Paper, Shepherd's Club/Sta, Tabac du
Diable, Torches, Torch Weed, Velvet Plant, Verbasci Flos, Wild Ice Leaf, Woolen, or Woolly Mullein.
86 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Mucuna Pruriens Mucuna Pruriens is a wild growing legume found in areas of the Bahamas and India. It has been used
in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, anxiety, arthritis, and for parasitic infections. It is a known aphrodisiac and may be
an analgesic for pain. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Atmagupta, Cowage, Cowitch, Dolichos Pruriens,
Feijao Macaco, HP 200, Kapi Kacchu, Kaunch, Kawach, Kawanch, Kevanch, Kiwach, Mucuna, Mucuna Prurient, Mucuna
Prurita, Nescafé, Ojo de Buey, Ojo de Venado, Pica-Pica, Pois à Gratter, Pois Mascate, Pois Velu, or Velvet Bean.
Muira Puama Muira Puama is said to be a powerful aphrodisiac and often used for preventing sexual disorders. Orally, it
is also used as a nerve stimulant, dyspepsia, appetite stimulant, rheumatism, and for menstrual irregularities. Other words
that may indicate its presence include: Bois de la Puissance, Marapuama, Muira-Puama, Potency Wood, or Ptychopetali
lignum.
Myrrh Myrrh is a known antiseptic, disinfectant, expectorant, and deodorizer. It stimulates the immune system and gastric
secretions. Myrrh may be good for indigestion, dental hygiene, colds, asthma and other respiratory conditions. Myrrh is
used as a fragrance and xative in cosmetics. Other words that my indicate its presence includes: Abyssinian Myrrh, African
Myrrh, Arabian Myrrh, Bal, Balsamodendron Myrrha, Bdellium, Bol, Bola, Commiphora, Common Myrrh, Didin, Didthin,
Gomme de Myrrhe, Gum Myrrh, Heerabol, Mirra, Mirrh, Mo Yao, Murrah, Myrrh Gum, Myrrha, Myrrhe, Myrrhe Africaine,
Myrrhe Amère, Myrrhe d'Arabie, Myrrhe Bisabol, Myrrhe Douce, Myrrhe de Somalie, Myrrhe du Yémen, Opopanax, Resina
Commiphorae, Somalien Myrrh, or Yemen Myrrh.
Nettle Leaf Nettle Leaf may be used orally for urination disorders associated with benign hyperplasia, including frequency,
dysuria, nocturia, irritable bladder, and urinary retention. It may also be used orally for joint ailments, hyperandrogenism,
as an astringent, diuretics, hyperglycemia, allergies, musculoskeletal diseases, urinary tract infections, and kidney stones.
Topically it may be used to help with alopecia, oily hair, musculoskeletal aches, and scalp seborrhea. Some people will eat
young stinging nettle leaves as a cooked vegetable. It can be used as an ingredient in some hair and skin products as well.
Other words that may indicate its presence include: Bichu, Common Nettle, Feuille d'Ortie, Graine d'Ortie, Grande Ortie,
Great Stinging Nettle, Nettle Seed, Nettle Worth, Ortie, Ortie Brûlante, Ortie des Jardins, Ortie Dioïque, Ortie Méchante,
Ortiga, Small Nettle, Stinging Nettles, Urtica, Urticae Herba et Folium, or Urticae Radix.
Noni Berry Noni is a small evergreen tree in Southeast Asia, Australia, India, and the Pacic Islands. Noni berry is used
as a general tonic useful with colic, cough, diabetes, fever, nausea, bone and joint issues, digestive problems, high blood
pressure, kidney disorders, and cancers. Topically, Noni berries are used as a moisturizer and to reduce signs of aging.
Other words that may indicate its presence include: Ba Ji Tian, Bois Douleur, Canarywood, Cheese Fruit, Hai Ba Ji, Hawaiian
Noni, Hog Apple, Indian Mulberry, Indian Noni, Jus de Noni, Luoling, Mengkudu, Menkoedoe, Mora de la India, Morinda,
Mulberry, Mûre Indienne, Nhau, Noni Juice, Nono, Nonu, Pau-Azeitona, Rotten Cheese Fruit, Ruibarbo Caribe, Tahitian Noni
Juice, Ura, Wild Pine, Wu Ning, or Yor.
Partridge Berry Partridge Berry, also known as wintergreen leaf, may be used for headaches, digestive problems, kidney
disorders, asthma, gout, and dysmenorrhea. Topically, it can be used as a counterirritant for musculoskeletal pain and as an
antiseptic. In manufacturing, it is used as a avoring agent in food, candies, teas, and pharmaceutical products. Other words
that may indicate its presence include: Boxberry, Canada Tea, Checkerberry, Deerberry, Essence de Gaulthérie, Gaulteria,
Gaultheria Oil, Gaulthérie Couchée, Ground Berry, Hilberry, Huile de Thé des Bois, Mountain Tea, Oil of Wintergreen,
Partridge Berry, Petit Thé, Spiceberry, Teaberry, Thé de Montagne, Thé de Terre-Neuve, Thé des Bois, Thé du Canada, Thé
Rouge, or Wax Cluster.
Pau d'Arco Bark Pau d'arco may be used for Candida yeast infections, bladder, parasitic, and diarrheal infections, diabetes,
ulcers, gastritis, respiratory conditions, rheumatism, hernias, syphilis, gonorrhea, and as a circulatory tonic. Other words
that indicate its presence include: Ébénier de Guyane, Ébène Vert, Ipe, Ipe Roxo, Ipes, Lapacho, Lapacho Colorado, Lapacho
Morado, Lébène, Pink Trumpet Tree, Purple Lapacho, Quebracho, Red Lapacho, Taheebo, or Trumpet Bush.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 87
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Pennyroyal Pennyroyal may be used as an antispasmodic, antiatulent, diaphoretic, stimulant, and diuretic. It is also
used for respiratory conditions, menstrual regulation and stimulant, and for digestive, intestinal, liver, and gallbladder
disorders. Topically, pennyroyal is used as an antiseptic, counterirritant, and insect repellent. In manufacturing,
pennyroyal is used as a ea repellent in pet products and as a fragrance for detergents, perfumes, and soaps. Other
words that indicate its presence include: American Pennyroyal, Dictame de Virginie, European Pennyroyal, Feuille
de Menthe Pouliot, Frétillet, Herbe aux Puces, Herbe de Saint-Laurent, Huile de Menthe Pouliot, Lurk-In-The-Ditch,
Menthe Pouliot, Mosquito Plant, Piliolerial, Poleo, Pouliot, Pudding Grass, Pulegium, Run-By-The-Ground, Squaw Balm,
Squawmint, Stinking Balm, or Tickweed.
Peony Root Peony root may be used for gout, osteoarthritis, fever, respiratory ailments, and for cough. Peony
may also be used for women's health, such as helping with PCOS, PMS, dysmenorrhea, miscarriage, and inducing
menstruation. Topically, peony is used for skin and mucous membrane diseases. Orally, it can be used for whooping
cough, spasms, migraine headaches, chronic fatigue syndrome, epilepsy, and neuralgia. Other words that indicate
its presence include: Bai Shao, Chi Shao, Chinese Peony, Common Peony, Coral Peony, Cortex Moutan, European
Peony, Jiu Chao Bai Shao, Moutan, Mu Dan Pi, Paeoniae Alba, Paeoniae Flos, Paeoniae Radix, Peonía, Peony Root,
Piney, Pivoine, Pivoine Arbustive, Pivoine Blanche, Pivoine Commune, Pivoine de Chine, Pivoine des Jardins, Pivoine en
Arbre, Pivoine Moutan, Pivoine Ocinale, Pivoine Rouge, Racine de Pivoine, Radix Paeoniae, Radix Peony, Red Peony,
Shakuyaku, Shao Yao, Tree Peony, Ud Saleeb, Udsalam, Udsalap, or White Peony.
Pine Bark (Pycnogenol) Pine Bark (Pycnogenol) may be used for treating tinnitus, chronic venous insuciency,
diabetic microangiopathy, allergies, asthma, ADHD, endometriosis, dysmenorrhea, menopausal symptoms, erectile
dysfunction, and retinopathy. It is also used to prevent strokes and vascular conditions. Topically, it is used as a
component of anti-aging creams. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Condensed Tannins, Écorce de
Pin Maritime, Extrait d'Écorce de Pin, French Marine/Maritime Pine Bark Extract, Leucoanthocyanidins, Oligomères de
Procyanidine, Oligomères Procyanidoliques, Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins, OPC, OPCs, PCO, PCOs, Pine Bark, Pine Bark
Extract, Proanthocyanidines Oligomériques, Procyandiol Oligomers, Procyanidin Oligomers, Procyanodolic Oligomers,
Pycnogénol, Pygenol, or Tannins Condensés.
Pumpkin Seed Pumpkin seed may be useful for prostate disorders, irritable bladders, treating intestinal worms, and
kidney infections. Some may enjoy roasted pumpkin seeds as a snack or pumpkin seed butter. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: Calabaza, Citrouille, Cucurbitea Peponis Semen, Field Pumpkin, Graine de Citrouille, Huile
de Graines de Citrouille, Pepo, or Pumpkin Seed Oil.
Pygeum Bark Pygeum bark may reduce inammation and congestion. It may also be eective with prostate disorders,
kidney disease, stomach aches, malaria, fever, malaria, urinary disorders, or used as an aphrodis Other words that
may indicate its presence include: African Plum Tree, African Prune, African Pygeum, Amande Amère, Ciruelo Africano,
Prunier d'Afrique, or Pygeum Africanus.
Red Clover Flower Red Clover Flower may ght infections, purify blood, suppress appetite, and may have expectorant,
antispasmodic, and relaxing eects. It is also used for menopausal and premenstrual symptoms, indigestion, kidney
problems, liver disease, and skin disorders. In manufacturing red clover extract is used as a avoring agent. Other
words that may indicate its presence include: Beebread, Clovone, Cow Clover, Daidzein, Genistein, Isoavone, Meadow
Clover, Miel des Prés, Phytoestrogen, Purple Clover, Trebol Rojo, Trèe Commun, Trèe des Prés, Trèe Pourpre, Trèe
Rouge, Trèe Rougeâtre, Trèe Violet, Trefoil, Trifolium, or Wild Clover.
Red Raspberry Leaf Red Raspberry Leaf may be useful for women during their menstrual cycle as it may reduce
menstrual bleeding and relax cramps. It has been known to promote healthy nails, bones, teeth, and skin. It is also used
for GI disorders, morning sickness, and canker sores. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Framboise,
Framboisier Sauvage, Frambuesa Roja, Rubi Idaei Folium, or Rubus.
88 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Red Yeast Rice Red Yeast Rice has been shown to be helpful for cardiovascular diseases, but it also has potential for
helping those with diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, indigestions, cancer, as a circulatory tonic, and for spleen
and stomach health. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Arroz de Levadura Roja, Cholestin, Hong Qu,
Hongqu, Koji Rouge, Levure de Riz Rouge, Monascus, Monascus Purpureus Went, Red Koji, Riz Rouge, XueZhiKang, Xue
Zhi Kang, XZK, Zhibituo, Zhi Tai.
Rehmannia Rehmania may be used as a general tonic, for diabetes, anemia, fever, allergies, and osteoporosis. It is
commonly used in Traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine. Other words that may its presence include: Chinese
Foxglove, Chinese Rehmanniae Radix, Chinese RR, Di Huang, Dihuang, Gun-Ji-Whang, Japanese Rehmanniae Radix,
Japanese RR, Jio, Juku-Jio, Kan-Jio, R. Glutinosa, Racine de Rehmannia, Rehmanniae, Rehmannia Glutinosa Oligosaccharide,
Rehmannia Radac, Rehmanniae Radix, Rehmanniae Root, RGAE, RGX, ROS, Saeng-Ji-Whang, Sho-jio, Shu Di Huang, Sook-
Ji-Whang, or To-Byun.
Reishi Mushroom Reishi Mushroom grows wild on decaying tree stumps and logs. It has many potential uses including:
enhancing the immune system, reducing stress, fatigue, hypertension, avian u, swine u, asthma, hyperlipidemia, viral
infections, cardiovascular disease, altitude sickness, insomnia, herpes zoster pain, gastric ulcers, inammatory disease,
and for supporting those going through certain types of chemotherapy. Other words that may indicate its presence
include: Basidiomycetes Mushroom, Champignon Basidiomycète, Champignon d'Immortalité, Champignon Reishi,
Ganoderma, Hongo Reishi, Ling Chih, Ling Zhi, Mannentake, Mushroom of Immortality, Mushroom of Spiritual Potency,
Red Reishi, Reishi Antler Mushroom, Reishi Rouge, Rei-Shi, or Spirit Plant.
Resveratrol Resveratrol is a type of polyphenol that is naturally occurring in certain foods and is known for its
antioxidant properties. Resveratrol may be benecial for lowering cholesterol levels, atherosclerosis, preventing
cancer, cardiovascular disease, reducing symptoms of COPD, anti-aging, metabolic syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver
disease, and diabetes, Although dierent foods contain resveratrol, reactivity to resveratrol within the Alcat Test does
not necessarily require a complete elimination of all foods high in resveratrol. For example, if there is a moderate or
severe reaction to resveratrol and high resveratrol foods were being consumed, it may be best to eliminate all the high
resveratrol foods for three months or more or six months or more. However, if resveratrol is a mild reaction, limiting high
resveratrol foods to two days per week may be sucient. Individuals are encouraged to seek the advice of a professional
providing nutrition guidance to clarify any restriction of resveratrol. Address the need to potentially avoid the following:
supplemental resveratrol, mulberries, red grape skins, red wine, purple grape juice, peanuts, pistachios, blueberries,
cranberries, cocoa, eucalyptus, spruce, and Bauhinia racemosa tree. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Cis-Resveratrol, Extrait de Vin, Extrait de Vin Rouge, Kojo-Kon, Phytoalexin(e), Phytoestrogen, Phyto-œstrogène, Pilule de
Vin, Protykin, Red Wine Extract, Resvératrols, RSV, RSVL, Stilbene Phytoalexin, Trans-Resveratrol, Trans-Resvératrol, Wine
Extract, or Wine Pill.
Rhodiola Rhodiola is an adaptogenic herb native to the arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and Alaska. It has a long history
of use as a medicinal plant in Iceland, Sweden, France, Russia, and Greece. Rhodiola may be used for increasing energy,
stamina, strength, and mental capacity. It is also used for depression, anxiety, cardiac disorders, and improving sexual
function. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Arctic Root, Extrait de Rhodiole, Golden Root, Hongjingtian,
King's Crown, Lignum Rhodium, Orpin Rose, Racine d'Or, Racine Dorée, Racine de Rhadiola, Rhodiole, Rhodiole
Rougeâtre, Rodia Riza, Rose Root, Rosenroot, Rosewort, Siberian Golden Root, Siberian Rhodiola Rosea, or Snowdown
Rose.
Rooibos Tea Rooibos Tea comes from the leaves and stems of the South African plant, Aspalathus linearis. It may be
helpful with allergies, dermatitis, digestion issues, nervous tension, HIV infections, improving cognitive function, and
preventing cancer. It is a caeine free tea that is the national drink of South Africa. Other words that may indicate its
presence include: Green Red Bush, Infusion Rooibos, Karee Tea, Red Bush, Rooibos, Rooibos Rouge, Rooibos Tea, Té
Rojo, Té Rojo Rooibos, Thé Rooibos, or Thé Rouge.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 89
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Sarsaparilla Sarsaparilla is a vine plant grown in Mexico, Central America, South America, North America, and southern
India. It may promote excretion of uids which is helpful with kidney conditions and disease. Other possible uses include:
as a circulatory tonic, helpful with skin conditions, rheumatoid arthritis, regulating hormones, useful for female sexual
dysfunction, PMS, gout, and as a anabolic to enhance athletic/body building performance in athletes. In manufacturing,
Sarsaparilla is used as a avoring agent in foods, beverages, and pharmaceuticals. It is important to note Sarsaparilla
diers from German Sarsaparilla. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Ecuadorian Sarsaparilla,
Honduras Sarsaparilla, Jamaican Sarsaparilla, Liseron Épineux, Liseron Piquant, Mexican Sarsaparilla, Salsaparilha,
Salsepareille, Salsepareille d'Europe, Salsepareille du Honduras, Salsepareille du Mexique, Sarsa, Sarsaparillae Radix,
Sarsaparillewurzel, Smilax, Smilax Aristolochaefolia, Smilax Aristolochiaefolii, or Zarzaparrilla.
Saw Palmetto Saw Palmetto may be best known for its use with prostate health especially across Europe. It may also be
used as a mild diuretic, sedative, anti-inammatory, as an antiseptic, aphrodisiac, for headaches, colds, coughs, irritated
mucous membranes, asthma, migraines, bronchitis, to stimulate hair growth. Vaginally, the powdered fruit may be used
as a uterine and vaginal tonic. Other words that indicate its presence include: American Dwarf Palm Tree, Baies du Chou
Palmiste, Baies du Palmier Scie, Cabbage Palm, Chou Palmiste, Ju-Zhong, Palma Enana Americana, Palmier de Floride,
Palmier Nain, Palmier Nain Américain, Palmier Scie, Sabal, Sabal Fructus, Saw Palmetto Berry.
Schisandra Berry Schisandra Berry is vining shrub found in China. It is a known adaptogen that may be used to help
improve physical performance and endurance, energy, vision, muscular activity, and cellular function. Schisandra also
has hepatoprotective properties, may be used to prevent premature aging, PMS, normalizing blood pressure, reducing
cholesterol, pneumonia, insomnia, chronic diarrhea, dysentery, night sweats, radiation protections, motion sickness,
depression, memory loss, irritability, excessive urination, and an overall tonic for the immune system and circulatory
system. Schisandra fruit is a food that can be consumed on its own. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Bac Ngu Vi Tu, Baie de Schisandra, Bei Wu Wei Zi, Beiwuweizi, Chinese Mongolavine, Chinese Schizandra, Chinesischer
Limonenbaum, Chosen-Gomischi, Five-Flavor-Fruit, Fructus Schisandrae, Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis, Fruit aux Cinq
Saveurs, Gomishi, Hoku-Gomishi, Kita-Gomishi, Limonnik Kitajskij, Magnolia Vine, Matsbouza, Nanwuweizi, Ngu Mei Gee,
Northern Schisandra, Omicha, Schisandrae, Schisandra Sinensis, Schizandra, Schizandra Chinensis, Schizandre Fructus,
Schzandra, Southern Schisandra, Wuhzi, Wu Wei Zi, Western Shisandra, or Xiwuweizi.
Senna Senna has many potential uses including: as a laxative for constipation, IBS, for hemorrhoids, anal ssures, and
anorectal surgery. Senna is also often found in ""cleansing"" products like teas promoting weight loss or may be used to
clear the GI tract to facilitate diagnostics tests.
Senna leaf is not recommended for long-term use and it is also not suggested if there is abdominal pain or diarrhea
present. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Alexandrian Senna, Alexandrinische Senna, Casse, Fan Xie
Ye, Indian Senna, Khartoum Senna, Sen, Sena Alejandrina, Séné, Séné d'Alexandrie, Séné d'Egypte, Séne d'Inde, Séné de
Tinnevelly, Sennae Folium, Sennae Fructus, Sennosides, Tinnevelly Senna, or True Senna.
Siberian Ginseng Siberian Ginseng is an adaptogenic herb coming from a small, woody shrub native to Russia, China,
Korea, and Japan. It may help in normalizing blood pressure (high or low), cardiovascular disease, ADHD, chronic
fatigue, diabetes, bromyalgia, respiratory conditions, reducing toxicity of chemotherapy, and symptomatic treatment
of herpes. In manufacturing, Siberian Ginseng may be added to skin care products. It is important to note Siberian
Ginseng diers from American and Panax Ginseng. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Acanthopanax
Obovatus, Acanthopanax Obovatus Hoo, Buisson du Diable, Ci Wu Jia, Ciwujia Root, Ciwujia Root Extract, Devil's Bush,
Devil's Shrub, Éleuthéro, Eleuthero Extract, Eleuthero Ginseng, Eleuthero Root, Eleutherococci Radix, Eleutherococcus,
Éleuthérocoque, Ginseng de Sibérie, Ginseng des Russes, Ginseng Root, Ginseng Siberiano, Ginseng Sibérien, North
Wu Jia Pi, Phytoestrogen, Plante Secrète des Russes, Poivre Sauvage, Prickly Eleutherococcus, Racine d'Eleuthérocoque,
Racine de Ginseng, Racine Russe, Russian Root, Shigoka, Siberian Eleuthero, Thorny Bearer of Free Berries, Touch-Me-
Not, Untouchable, Ussuri, Ussurian Thorny Pepperbrush, Wild Pepper, Wu Jia Pi, or Wu-jia.
90 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Skull Cap Skull Cap may be useful for relaxation and for help with getting a restful sleep. It also may improve circulation,
strengthen heart muscle, relieve PMS symptoms, headaches, anxiety, fatigue, nervous disorders, and hyperactivity. Skull
cap is also considered very useful for alleviating the diculties of barbiturates and drug withdrawal. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: American Skullcap, Blue Pimpernel, Blue Skullcap, Escutelaria, Grande Toque, Helmet Flower,
Hoodwort, Mad Weed, Mad-Dog Skullcap, Quaker Bonnet, Scullcap, Scutellaria, Scutellaire de Virginie, Scutellaire Latériore,
Toque Bleue, Toque Casquée, or Toque des Marais.
Slippery Elm Slippery Elm is a tree native to Canada and the United States. It may be used orally for soothing inamed
mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal and urinary tract, ulcers, colic, hemorrhoids, cystitis, IBS, herpes, expelling
tapeworm, diarrhea, cold, u, protecting the stomach, syphilis, and sore throat. Topically, it is used for wounds, burns, gout,
cold sores, toothaches, and abscesses. In manufacturing, Slippery Elm, is used in some baby foods, adult nutritionals, and
throat lozenges. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Indian Elm, Moose Elm, Olmo Americano, Orme, Orme
Gras, Orme Rouge, Orme Roux, Red Elm, or Sweet Elm.
Spirulina Spirulina, is a type of blue-green algae. It may be used as a source of dietary protein, B-vitamins, and iron.
Spirulina may also be used to counteract unintentional weight loss, ADHD, PMS and menopausal symptoms, cardiovascular
health, cancer, HIV/AIDS, non-alcoholic fatty liver, manage stress, tonic for immune system, and to promote digestion and
bowel health. Other words that may indicate its presence include: AFA, Algae, Algas Verdiazul, Algues Bleu-Vert, Algues
Bleu-Vert du Lac Klamath, BGA, Blue Green Algae, Blue Green Algas, Blue-Green Micro-Algae, Cyanobacteria, Cyanobactérie,
Cyanophycée, Dihe, Espirulina, Hawaiian Spirulina, Klamath Lake Algae, Klamath Blue/Green Algae, SF, SBGA, Spirulina,
Spirulina Blue-Green Algae, Spiruline, Spiruline d'Hawaii, Tecuitlatl.
St. John's Wort St. John's Wort may be used for depression, emotional disorders, emotional disturbances, cardiovascular
health, ADHD, bromyalgia, chronic fatigue symptom. migraines, and polyneuropathy. Topically, it is useful for treating
bruises, abrasions, bug bites, wound healing, rst degree burns, hemorrhoids, and neuralgia. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: Amber Touch-and-Heal, Barbe de Saint-Jean, Chasse-diable, Demon Chaser, Fuga Daemonum,
Goatweed, Hardhay, Herbe à la Brûlure, Herbe à Mille Trous, Herbe Aux Fées, Herbe Aux Mille Vertus, Herbe Aux Piqûres,
Herbe de Saint Éloi, Herbe de la Saint-Jean, Herbe du Charpentier, Herbe Percée, Hierba de San Juan, Hypereikon, Hyperici
Herba, Hypericum perforatum, Klamath Weed, Klamathaweed, Millepertuis, Millepertuis Perforé, Perforate St. John's Wort,
Racecourse Weed, Rosin Rose, Saynt Johannes Wort, or Tipton Weed.
Stevia Leaf Stevia Leaf is a perennial shrub native to South America. It may be found in food as a avor enhancer or
as a non-caloric sweetener. It may also be used as a weight loss aid, for treating diabetes, as a cardiovascular tonic,
contraception, diuretic, heartburn, and lowering uric acid levels. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Azucacaa, Caa-He-É, Caa'Inhem, Ca-A-Jhei, Ca-A-Yupi, Capim Doce, Chanvre d'Eau, Eira-Caa, Erva Doce, Estevia, Eupatorium
rebaudianum, Green Stevia, Kaa Jhee, Mustelia eupatoria, Paraguayan Stevioside, Plante Sucrée, Reb A, Rebaudioside A,
Rébaudioside A, Rebiana, Stevia eupatoria, Stevia purpurea, Stevia rebaudiana, Stevioside, Sweet Herb of Paraguay, Sweet
Herb, Sweet Leaf of Paraguay, Sweetleaf, or Yerba Dulce.
Stinging Nettle Root Stinging Nettle Root may be used for urination disorders commonly associated with benign prostatic
hyperplasia. Orally, it is also used for hyperglycemia, joint issues, hyperandrogenism, as a diuretic, and as an astringent.
Topically it is useful for oily hair and alopecia so it can be found as an ingredient in hair and skin products. Other words that
may indicate its presence include: Bichu, Common Nettle, Feuille d'Ortie, Graine d'Ortie, Grande Ortie, Great Stinging Nettle,
Nettle Leaf, Nettle Seed, Nettle Worth, Nettles, Ortie, Ortie Brûlante, Ortie des Jardins, Ortie Dioïque, Ortie Méchante, Ortiga,
Small Nettle, Stinging Nettles, Urtica, Urticae Herba et Folium, or Urticae Radix.
Tribulus Terrestris Tribulus Terrestris may be used for enhancing athletic performance, male impotence, kidney stones,
and painful urination. It may also be used for cardiovascular conditions, anemia, skin conditions, hepatitis, improving
digestion, as an antiparasitic, for vertigo, and as an aphrodisiac. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Abrojo,
Abrojos, Al-Gutub, Baijili, Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris, Caltrop, Cat's-Head, Ci Ji Li, Common Dubbletjie, Croix-de-Malte,
Devil's-Thorn, Devil's-Weed, Épine du Diable, Escarbot, Espigón, German Tribulus Terrestris, Goathead, Gokhru, Gokshur,
Gokshura, Nature's Viagra, Puncture Vine, Puncture Weed, Qutiba, Small Caltrops, Tribule, Tribule Terrestre, or Tribulus
Terrestris.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 91
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Uva Ursi Uva Ursi may promote excretion of uid and ght bacteria, so it often used for UTIs and other urinary tract
conditions. Other uses include for disorders of the spleen, liver, pancreas, and small intestines, diabetes, prostate
disorders, constipation, and strengthening the heart muscle. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Arberry,
Arbousier, Arbousier Traînant, Bear's Grape, Bearberry, Beargrape, Bussserole, Common Bearberry, Faux Buis, Hogberry,
Kinnikinnik, Manzanita, Mountain Box, Mountain Cranberry, Petit Buis, Ptarmigan Berry, Raisin de Renard, Raisin d'Ours,
Raisin d'Ours Commun, Red Bearberry, Redberry, Rockberry, Sagackhomi, Sandberry, Uva del Oso, or Uvae Ursi Folium.
Valerian Valerian may act as a sedative, so it is oftentimes used for insomnia and anxiety-associated restlessness. It
is a circulatory tonic, may reduce mucus from colds, may be used for mood disorders, chronic fatigue syndrome, PMS,
menopausal symptoms, mild tremors, headaches, and upset stomach. Valerian essential oil is used as a avoring agent
in foods and beverages. Other words that may indicate its presence include: All-Heal, Amantilla, Baldrian, Baldrianwurzel,
Belgium Valerian, Common Valerian, Fragrant Valerian, Garden Heliotrope, Garden Valerian, Grande Valériane, Guérit
Tout, Herbe à la Femme Meurtrie, Herbe aux Chats, Herbe aux Coupures, Herbe de Notre-Dame, Herbe de Saint-Georges,
Herbe du Loup, Indian Valerian, Mexican Valerian, Pacic Valerian, Rhizome de Valériane, Tagar, Tagar-Ganthoda, Tagara,
Valeriana, Valeriana Pseudocinalis, Valeriana Rhizome, Valerianae Radix, Valeriane, Valériane à Petites Feuilles, Valériane
Africaine, Valériane Celtique, Valériane Commune, Valériane de Belgique, Valériane des Collines, Valériane Dioïque,
Valériane du Jardin, Valériane Indienne, Valériane Mexicaine, Valériane Ocinale, or Valériane Sauvage.
Vinpocetine Vinpocetine may be used for enhancing memory, improving cerebral oxygen, blood ow, and glucose
utilization, which can be protective against age related cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease. It is also used to
decrease stroke risk, prevent post-stroke morbidity and mortality, for treating menopausal symptoms, and to prevent
motion sickness. Other words that may indicate its presence include: AY-27255, Cavinton, Ethyl Apovincaminate,
Ethylapovincaminoate, RGH-4405, TCV-3b, Vinpocetin, or Vinpocetina.
Wheatgrass Wheatgrass is primarily used as a concentrated source of nutrients. Therapeutically it has been used to
improve blood sugar disorders, prevent tooth decay, improve wound healing, prevent bacterial infections, for cancer
and arthritis treatment, kidney stones, hypertension, digestive issues, and chronic skin problems. Other words that may
indicate its presence include: Agropyre, Blé en Herbe, Bread Wheat, Brote del Trigo, Common Wheat, Grano, Herbe de Blé,
or Wheat Grass.
White Willow Bark White willow bark contains compounds from which aspirin was derived, thus making it a useful pain
reliever. It is also good for allergies, inammation, osteoarthritis, gout, fever, the common cold, and weight loss. Other
words that may indicate its presence include: Basket Willow, Bay Willow, Black Willow, Black Willowbark, Black Willow
Extract, Brittle Willow, Corteza de Sauce, Crack Willow, Daphne Willow, Écorce de Saule, European Willow, European Willow
Bark, Extrait d'Écorce de Saule, Extrait d'Écorce de Saule Blanc, Extrait de Saule, Extrait de Saule Blanc, Knackweide, Laurel
Willow, Lorbeerweide, Osier Blanc, Osier Rouge, Purple Willow, Pupurweide, Purple Osier, Purple Osier Willow, Pussy
Willow, Reifweide, Salicis Cortex, Saule, Saule Argenté, Saule Blanc, Saule Commun, Saule des Viviers, Saule Discolore,
Saule Fragile, Saule Noir, Saule Pourpre, Silberweide, Violet Willow, Weidenrinde, White Willow Extract, or Willow Bark
Extract.
Wild Yam Root Wild Yam has compounds similar to progesterone and so it may be used as a natural alternative for
estrogen replacement therapy, PMS, post-menopausal issues, infertility, increasing energy and libido. It also may relax
muscle spasms, reduce inammation, promote perspiration, help with kidney stones, irritable bowel, hypoglycemia, and
gallbladder disorders. Other words that may indicate its presence include: American Yam, Atlantic Yam, Barbasco, China
Root, Chinese Yam, Colic Root, Devil's Bones, DHEA Naturelle, Dioscoreae, Dioscorée, Igname Sauvage, Igname Velue,
Mexican Yam, Mexican Wild Yam, Ñame Silvestre, Natural DHEA, Phytoestrogen, Phyto-oestrogène, Rheumatism Root,
Rhizoma Dioscorae, Rhizoma Dioscoreae, Shan Yao, or Yuma.
92 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
Wormwood Wormwood uses include acting as a mild sedative, increasing stomach acidity, antiparasitic, and lowering
fever. It may also be useful as an appetite stimulant, for gastrointestinal complaints, biliary dyskinesia, as an aphrodisiac,
and antispasmodic. Topically, it is useful for healing wounds, skin ulcers, blemishes, and insect bites. Wormwood is used
as a avoring agent in alcoholic bitters and vermouth. Wormwood oil is used as a fragrance in soaps, cosmetics, and
perfumes. It is also used as an insecticide. Other words that may indicate its presence include: Absinthe, Absinthe Suisse,
Absinthii Herba, Absinthites, Ajenjo, Alvine, Armoise, Armoise Absinthe, Armoise Amère, Armoise Commune, Armoise
Vulgaire, Artesian Absinthium, Artemisia, Common Wormwood, Grande Absinthe, Green Ginger, Herba Artemisae,
Herbe aux Vers, Herbe d'Absinthe, Herbe Sainte, Indhana, Lapsent, Menu Alvine, Quing Hao, Vilayati Afsanteen, Wermut,
Wermutkraut, Western Wormwood, or Wurmkraut.
Yarrow Yarrow may be used orally for the common cold, fevers, amenorrhea, diarrhea, allergic rhinitis, loss of
appetite, reduce bloating, atulence, to induce sweating, mild or spastic GI tract discomfort, thrombotic conditions with
hypertension, and to relieve toothaches. It can be used topically to relieve pain or help with bleeding hemorrhoids.
Yarrow may be found in salads, cosmetic cleansers, snu, and shampoos. Other words that may indicate its presence
include: Achilee, Achillea, Achillée, Acuilee, Band Man's Plaything, Bauchweh, Birangasifa, Birangasipha, Biranjasipha,
Bloodwort, Carpenter's Weed, Civan Percemi, Devil's Nettle, Devil's Plaything, Erba Da Cartentieri, Erba Da Falegname,
Gandana, Gemeine Schafgarbe, Green Arrow, Herbe à la Coupure, Herbe à Dindes, Herbe aux Charpentiers, Herbe
Militaire, Huile Essentielle d'Achillée, Katzenkrat, Milefolio, Milenrama, Milfoil, Millefeuille, Millefolii Flos, Millefolii Herba,
Millefolium, Millegoglie, Noble Yarrow, Nosebleed, Old Man's Pepper, Rajmari, Roga Mari, Sanguinary, Soldier's Wound
Wort, Sourcil de Vénus, Staunchweed, Tausendaugbram, Thousand-Leaf, or Wound Wort.
Yellow Dock Yellow dock possible uses include as an adjunct to antibacterial therapy, as a laxative, tonic, treating
venereal diseases, acute and chronic inammation of nasal passages and the respiratory tract, chronic skin diseases,
dermatitis, rashes, scurvy, obstructive jaundice, and psoriasis. Yellow dock can be used in salads as well as in toothpastes.
Other words that may indicate its presence: Broad-leaved Dock, Chukkah, Curly Dock, Curled Dock, Field Sorrel, Sheep
Sorrel, Sour Dock, Narrow Dock, Rumex, Romaza, or Acedera.
Yerba Maté Yerba Mate is an herb with many potential uses such as relieving mental and physical fatigue, as a mild
analgesic for headaches or rheumatic pains, improving mood disorders, as a laxative, weight loss, urinary tract infections,
chronic fatigue syndrome, cardiac insuciency, hypotension, arrhythmias, kidney stones, and bladder stones. It is usually
consumed in a tea-like beverage where the leaf and leaf stem are used. Because there is caeine naturally occurring,
individuals who are sensitive to caeine may want to avoid it. Other words that may indicate its presence include:
Chimarrao, Green Mate, Jesuit's Brazil Tea, Mate, Paraguay Tea, or St. Bartholomew's Tea.
Yohimbe Bark Yohimbe Bark is considered to possibly be a potent and eective aphrodisiac for both men and women.
In men, it is said to be particularly eective in boosting sexual performance and may be useful in cases of impotence and
erectile dysfunction, whether brought on by age, stress, or fatigue. It can also potentially help with the following as well:
athletic performance, weight loss, exhaustion, angina, hypertension, diabetic neuropathy, and postural hypotension. If
yohimbe bark is smoked or snued, it can produce hallucinogenic eects. Other words that may indicate its presence
include: 11-Hydroxy Yohimbine, Alpha Yohimbine HCl, Coryanthe Yohimbe, Corynanthe Johimbe, Johimbi, Yohimbehe,
Yohimbehe Cortex, Yohimbine, Yohimbine HCl, or Yohimbinum Muriaticum.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 93
Functional Foods & Medicinal Herbs
94 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Re-introducing Foods into Your Eating Pattern
After eliminating the reactive foods for the recommended period of time and once you are
symptom-free, you may choose to proceed with systematically adding the reactive foods into
your pattern of eating. The suggested approach is the following:
• It is best to start to re- challenge the food rst thing in the morning on an empty stomach.
• Always test with a very pure, organic form of the food.
• Start re-challenging foods that are less reactive before moderately and severely reactive
foods. For example, if any mildly reactive foods were completely eliminated, start with
that list, then the moderate list, then the severe list. It is best to wait to reintroduce
casein, whey, milk, and gluten until the end of the reintroduction period.
• Always reintroduce foods one at a time, every 4 days. It is best to keep a food and
symptom journal throughout reintroduction.
• Introduce one food at a time for one day only. Example: On Day 1, start with the rst food
and increase the amount you have throughout that day. On Day 2 begin to avoid that food
from your eating pattern again and be aware of a return of any symptoms for the next 3
days.
• If you do notice a reaction, make note of it and avoid this particular food for another 30
days to 3 months. Wait until these symptoms subside before reintroducing the next food.
• If there is no reaction, you can incorporate the food back into your normal eating pattern.
• Proceed with the next food in the same way.
• Note: If you notice problems with the introduction of the rst two foods, we recommend
stopping the reintroduction altogether and continuing to avoid all of the food culprits for
another 3 months.
With regard to retesting, it is recommended only after foods have been reintroduced into your
regular eating pattern. The Alcat Test is not entirely based on exposure. However foods that
have been avoided for a signicant period of time may not be reactive if the immune pathway
that would be activated by a particular food for an individual requires “priming” of the system.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 95
How can I be sensitive to this, I don‘t even
eat it or like it?
Eating or liking a particular food is certainly not a
requirement for being sensitive to it! The human
body perhaps has its own wisdom which guides
you away from that which may do harm. It is even
possible that genes dictate reactivity to a certain
degree. Overexposure of food, gut dysfunction,
genetics and stress are several factors that may play
a role in reactivity.
Is this a food allergy test?
The Alcat Test is NOT a food allergy test. It is
designed to test for sensitivities, which have a
delayed reaction. Although in common parlance,
the terms have been used interchangeably, food
allergy and food sensitivity are quite dierent from
one another. The Alcat Test detects sensitivities
and NOT allergies. The patient should still avoid all
items to which he/she has a known allergy.
I know I am allergic to____ but your test says
I’m not. Why?
An allergic response involves an immediate IgE
response which is not measured by the Alcat Test. A
type 1 hypersensitivity, the IgE, Immunoglobin E
mediated immune response, is immediate and
usually produces symptoms minutes after ingesting
the oender, and up to hours later. This is a true
allergic reaction. Symptoms of true allergies are
signicant, can be life-threatening and. may include
wheezing, hives, itching, immediate vomiting or
anaphylaxis. If you believe you may have this type of
reaction, it is crucial that you go to your physician or
allergist for the diagnosis. If you’ve been diagnosed
with food allergies, it is very important to continue
to avoid these allergens to avoid a potentially
life-threatening situation, regardless of reactivity
identied by the Alcat Test. .
The Alcat Food and Chemical Sensitivity Test is
a highly sensitive, objective test for assessing
the delayed immune response to foods, or what
are called food sensitivities. Symptoms related
to sensitivities could occur hours after ingesting
the oenders, or even days later. Those with
symptoms of food sensitivities, may experience them
chronically, and may include digestive issues such
as diarrhea, constipation, atulence, feeling bloated,
headaches, migraines, fatigue, skin issues, arthritis,
focus and attention issues, irritability, and more. 
It is also possible to have food sensitivities without
noticing symptoms. The inammation created by
the white blood cell response may be occurring, but
symptoms may not be detected.
I know I have symptoms after consuming ____
but the Alcat Test does not reveal a reaction
to it. Why?
There are many dierent adverse reactions to
foods. If particular foods seem to be producing
symptoms, regardless of the Alcat Test results, our
suggestion would be that you continue to avoid
them. However, foods that have been avoided
for a signicant period of time may come up as
Frequently Asked Questions
96 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
nonreactive on the Alcat Test. So the suggestion is
to “prime the system” before having the test, so long
as there are no true allergies to the food in question
(or CD if gluten is in question). With retesting, the
suggestion is to have all the foods reintroduced
and rotated before getting the test again. It
is understandable that one may be hesitant to
consume previously reactive foods prior to the
test. However, if in fact a sensitivity to these foods/
components exists, and if the immune pathway
responsible for the reaction happens to rely on
exposure but there was no exposure prior to the
test, the reactivity might not be revealed in the Alcat
Test.
There are other possibilities for “non-reactions” when
someone feels very certain that the Alcat Test should
have shown certain foods to be reactive. Even if
the food (s) in question were consumed prior to
the test, a reactivity to them still might not have
occurred.
Examples include:
• The reaction may not necessarily be an
immune response
• The symptoms could be related to an
intolerance NOT an immune response
• The reaction could be an IgE reaction (true
allergy). The Alcat Test does not test for
true allergies, the IgE response, which is
immediate.
• It is possible that the particular food that is
suspect is not the culprit but something else
normally consumed along with it
• It may no longer be a sensitivity after the
avoidance period (sensitivities are not
necessarily a lifelong situation, the immune
system is a dynamic system in the body).
Why does this test not correlate with the
other food sensitivity tests I’ve done in the
past? Example, IgG, IgA.
The Alcat Test measures the cellular response not
immunoglobulin (Ig) levels in the blood.
Can I have the test done while I am
pregnant? 
The benet of knowing foods that are not provoking
an adverse reaction would be the same for both a
pregnant and a non-pregnant female.
Although the test can be conducted any time during
the pregnancy it is best to consider the following:
Due to integrated fetal-placental-maternal response
during pregnancy, the potential diering response
after delivery, and the duration of time to avoid
reactive foods, it is recommended to test during the
rst or second trimester or wait until 8-12 weeks
after delivery (if already into the third trimester).
With regard to testing children, must a child
be a certain age to take the Alcat Test?
The minimum age for testing is 4-6 months for
babies who are ill or symptomatic. If the baby is
thriving and does not exhibit delays in growth and
development, no colic, no sleep issues, etc it would
be best to wait to conduct the test after the baby is
consuming solid foods. 
What if the baby is breastfed or formula fed?
If the baby’s mother is breastfeeding, she should
refrain from consuming the baby’s reactive foods, as
the proteins in the foods appear in her milk and are
then passed to the baby when nursing.
This should also inuence panel selection, in
other words, what foods are tested. If the baby
is formula fed, it’s best to choose the test panels
with the formula ingredients in mind. If the baby is
breastfed, mom’s typical food consumption should
be considered.
Should previously reactive foods (or foods
the person believes are problematic) be
reintroduced/consumed before testing/
retesting?
Yes. For foods not consumed on regular basis
(in absence of allergy to it or in absence of celiac
disease when inquiring about gluten consumption),
consuming them two or three times within a week
prior to testing is recommended.
What are the medication restrictions for the
Alcat Test?
It is not necessary to postpone testing if, despite
medication use, inammatory symptoms persist.
However, to the extent medication can be reduced
prior to testing, the patient should do so, under the
supervision of a healthcare provider.
If possible, do not take any medications at least 3 to
4 hours before blood draw.
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 97
Is fasting required before taking the Alcat
Test?
No
Do I really have to follow the rotation plan or
can I just eliminate the foods I react to?
The strict four day rotation plan may be realistic
and appropriate. It is a good idea to check with the
practitioner who is providing advice in this regard, to
determine if proceeding this way is necessary.
Dr. Herbert J. Rinkel developed the Rotary Diversied
Diet (Rotation) in 1934. People prone to or with food/
chemical sensitivities nd this type of plan benecial
for a number of reasons:
• It may lessen the likelihood of developing new
sensitivities.
• It allows the immune system to recover
from the eects of a food before it is again
consumed.
• A 4 day rotation plan allows the body to go
through its processes; digestion, metabolizing
and elimination.
As mentioned previously, it would be best that we
consume a variety of nonreactive foods to nourish
our bodies properly. Eating in a rotation pattern
can help achieve that variety and can help limit the
mild list of foods to no more than 2 days per week,
or one day in a four day period. A rotation pattern of
eating also decreases the likelihood that the immune
system will be overwhelmed with the same foods.
An overload may contribute to further sensitivities.
The basic principle of the rotation plan is this: by
eating foods one day and then omitting them for
at least 3 days, you avoid a cumulative sensitizing
eect. This period of time allows the particular food
molecules to “clear” from the system so they do not
cause an overload.
If you nd the rotation just too stressful, it may do
more harm than good to attempt to follow it. Then
you are limited to the foods listed in the green
section. Occasionally, you may nd yourself in a
social situation (or perhaps when traveling) where
you are not always able to follow the plan closely.
Please keep in mind that the top priority is to
eliminate the severely and moderately reactive
foods and ingredients, to limit the mildly reactive
list of foods, consume a variety of the nonreactive
foods, and to avoid eating the same foods day
after day. Perhaps an every other day rotation
plan is more realistic right now and that plan can
be implemented rst. You can always revisit the
four day rotation plan later if it is determined to be
necessary.
Can I have one type of food all week long?
Even if you dislike tea, water and orange juice but
you love coee it is not wise to drink the coee daily.
Even if your test was negative to coee you could
develop a sensitivity to it. Even a person without
a sensitivity for a particular food should strive for
the most variety possible in the diet. No single food
contains all the nutrients we need.
The greater variety, the greater the opportunities to
obtain many dierent nutrients.
Many of our foods often contain pesticides,
herbicides and hormones. Consumption on a regular
basis of any food may have detrimental eects due
to an accumulation of any of these substances. It is
best to choose organic foods as often as possible.
Eating an acceptable food two days in a row if need
be, is not cause for concern. Eating it 4 or 5 days
in a row or every day might be. It is best to avoid
bombarding the immune system with the same
foods over and over again.
Can I use a dietary supplement if it is a
derivative of a reactive food?
With regard to vitamins and minerals, their sources
may be listed on the label or manufacturers’
literature. For example, corn is often the source of
vitamin C, wheat germ oil or soy oil are often the
sources of vitamin E. If the sources of the vitamins
and minerals are listed, it’s best to seek those that
are not sourced from your reactive ingredients.
However, due to the processing of these nutrients,
there may be very little to no detectable ingredients
of the food source so you may nd you tolerate them
without issue. Individual responses vary.
Inactive ingredients used in supplements may also
contain ingredients that are best avoided, especially
if reactive for you. Nutrition experts recommend
the avoidance of most colorings, articial avorings,
articial sweeteners, yeast, gluten, dairy, sugar, and
others llers in dietary supplements.
Be aware that gelatin capsules are often made from
beef or pork. Vegetarian capsules may contain soy.
For more insight regarding your health and
nutrition needs, you might consider the following
tests oered by Cell Science Systems. Be sure to
discuss these with your practitioner.
98 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Test Name: CICA- Celiac, IBS, Crohn’s Array
This test measures the genetic risk for celiac disease and Crohn’s disease,
the serum markers associated with the active celiac disease process, and
serum markers associated with Crohn’s Disease.
If there has been a conrmed diagnosis of celiac disease and gluten has
been avoided, that should continue, even if the Alcat test does not reect
a reaction to gluten. Remember, the Alcat Test is not a test for celiac disease- it is not measuring
tissue trans-glutaminase and deamidated gliadin peptide antibodies, which when elevated may
indicate an active CD process.
Test Name: The Advanced Methyl Detox Prole
Measurement of genetic markers involved in methylation and homocysteine metabolism. The
methylation pathway is the major part of detoxication and the metabolic cycle. Methylation
can play an important role in many chronic diseases. By understanding your genetics, you may
be able to prevent and address these conditions with the right nutrition.
Components of Test: MTHFR, MTRR, MTR, COMT, AHCY, Homocysteine
Test Name: Telomere
This test measures the DNA segments at ends of chromosomes(telomeres) potentially indicative
of cellular aging and susceptibility to chronic disease.
Additional Testing from Cell Science Systems
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 99
Additional Resources
Cell Science Systems Resources
For frequently asked questions about the Alcat test and other testing provided by Cell Science
Systems, please visit our Knowledge Base. Here you will nd a collection of videos and guides
categorized by topic.
Visit the Education section of the www.cellsciencesystems.com for additional resources such as
news articles, a research library, and lecture videos.
PreviMedica Nutrition Guidance
Maintaining momentum with an elimination plan is not
easy. PreviMedica, the sister company to Cell Science
Systems, has nutrition experts that will work with you to
develop an individualized plan that ts with your lifestyle
and needs.
Individualized Nutrition Guidance
Our nutrition advisors are available to follow up with you
as you are following the elimination plan. You will receive
suggestions to encourage continued commitment to the plan, progress monitoring, and support
during the reintroduction of reactive foods by meeting with your nutrition advisor for a series of
sessions. One or more consultations may be purchased.
Monthly Memberships
For more extensive lifestyle guidance, you may choose to consult with our nutrition experts
within a monthly membership. Please see the following page for pricing and more details about
what is included with this service.
Support Group
For additional support from others following the results of their Alcat test, as well as expert
support from our PreviMedica nutritionists, visit our Facebook Alcat Support group.
100 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Specialty Food Vendors
Vitacost.com
Thrive Market
Amazon Grocery
Gluten Free Mall
Tasterie
Vegan Essentials
Alcat Results Tutorial
Living Gluten Free Tutorial
Living Dairy Free Tutorial
Candida Related Complex
Customized meal planning tools and recipe books
created exclusively for you by PreviMedica, can help
simplify your everyday choices.
Meal planning tools are individualized and generated
using the Alcat Food Sensitivity Test results and/or
other dietary restrictions you may have. No moderately
or severely reactive foods are included in these tools.
Whether or not to include mildly reactive foods is up to
you and your health care practitioner.
The meal planning tools include a Quick Start
Guide, Staple Builder, Builder Recipes, Product
Recommendations, menu ideas, and tips for adhering
to a rotation plan.
To learn more about PreviMedica’s meal planning tools, take a
look at the following resources:
About PreviMedica Meal Planning Tools
How to Use PreviMedica Meal Planning Tools
Meal Planning Tools
Living With Food Sensitivities
Additional Resources
Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 101
Product Guide
Below is a general list of specialty brands that may help in implementing your Alcat test. Please be aware, that
this list is not individualized. So, while this is a great reference to aid in the discovery of new products that may
work well as substitutes, it is always necessary to check the ingredient label to ensure that it does not contain any
culprit foods.
Gluten Free
Ancient Harvest
Annie’s
Applegate Farms
Arrowhead Mills
Astoria Mills
Attune Foods
Erewhon
Awesome Foods
Back to Nature
Bakery on Main
Barbara’s Bakery
Barkat Matzo Gluten
Beanitos Chips
Bob’s Red Mill
Bold Organics
Breads from Anna
Canyon BakeHouse
Cassava Chips
Cherrybrooke
Kitchen
Cream Hill Estates
Oats
Crunchmaster
DeBoles
DeLand Bakery
Duinkerken foods
Elevate Me
Enjoy Life
Ener-G
Everybody Eats
Food for Life
General Mills
Gillian’s Foods
Glow Cookies
Gluten Free
Creations
Glutino
HomeFree Treats
Ian’s Foods
Jovial
Kinnikinnick
Larabar
Liz Lovely
Lucy’s Cookies
Luna
Lundberg
MacroBars
Maple Grove Farms
Mary’s Gone
Crackers
Mrs. Leeper’s
Namaste Foods
Nature’s Path
Organic Food Bar
Orgran
Pamela’s
Panne Rizzo
Perky’s Natural
Foods
Plentils by Enjoy Life
Pure Bars
Rudi’s
Sami’s Bakery
Schar
Suzie’s Thin
That’s it
The Birkett Mills
Tia’s Bakery Cakes &
Cookies
Tinkyada Rice
Two Moms in the
Raw
Udi’s
Van’s
Vega
Way Better Snacks
Dairy Free
Blue Diamond
Calia Farms
Daiya
Earth Balance
Elmhurst
Enjoy Life
Follow Your Heart
Go Veggie
Good Karma
Kite Hill
Nutpods
Pacic Foods
Silk
Simply Lite Foods
So Delicious
Soy Garden
Taste The Dream
Tofutti
Whole Soy
Sugar Free
Crofter’s Just Fruit Spread
Polaner
St. Dalfour
Smucker’s Simply Fruit
Taste the Dream
Unsweetened
Silk Unsweetened
Whole Soy Co
Unsweetened
So Delicious Unsweetened Ice
Cream
Spreads Milk
Frozen Dessert
Brewer’s Yeast Free
Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar
Eden Foods Umeboshi Plum Vinegar
Coconut Secret Raw Coconut Vinegar
Additional Resources
102 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
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Complications. Fort Washington, PA: Gluten Free Works Publishing.
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35 (2): 71-78.
Milk Allergy (2013). Retrieved January 16, 2014, from http://foodallergy.org/allergens/milk-allergy
Substituting Milk and Dairy Ingredients (2013). Retrieved January 16, 2014, from http://
kidswithfoodallergies.org/resourcespre.php?id=103&title=Basic_recipe_substitutions_for_milk_allergy
Boutrou R, Gaudichon C, Dupont D, et al. Sequential release of milk protein-derived bioactive peptides
in the jejunum in healthy humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;97(6):1314–1323 http://ajcn.nutrition.org/
content/97/6/1314.full
Jinsmaa Y, Yoshikawa M. Enzymatic release of neocasomorphin and beta-casomorphin from bovine beta-
casein. Peptides. 1999;20(8):957–962.
Zoghbi S, Trompette A, Claustre J, et al. Beta-Casomorphin-7 regulates the secretion and expression
of gastrointestinal mucins through a mu-opioid pathway. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol.
2006;290(6):G1105. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Zoghbi+S%2C+Trompette+A%2C+Cla
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mucins+through+a+mu-opioid+pathway.+Am+J+Physiol+Gastrointest+Liver+Physiol.+2006%3B290(6)%3
AG1105
Claustre J, Toumi F, Trompette A, et al. Eects of peptides derived from dietary proteins on mucus
secretion in rat jejunum. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2002;283(3):G521–528.
Elitsur Y, Luk GD. Beta-casomorphin (BCM) and human colonic lamina propria lymphocyte proliferation.
Clin Exp Immunol. 1991;85(3):493–437.
Laugesen M, Elliott R. Ischaemic heart disease, type 1 diabetes, and cow milk A1 beta-casein. N Z Med
J.2003;116:U295.
Tailford KA, Berry CL, Thomas AC, Campbell JH. A casein variant in cow’s milk is atherogenic
atherosclerosis. 2003;170:13–19.
Elliott RB, Harris D P, Hill JP, Bibby NJ, Wasmuth HE. Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and cow
milk: casein variant consumption. Diabetologia. 1999;42:292–6.
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enzymes from Lactococcus lactis ssp Cremoris. J Dairy Sci. 1996;79:20–26.
Jarmolowska B, Kostyra E, Krawczuk S, Kostyra H. b-casomorphin-7 isolated from Brie cheese. J Sci Food
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com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Candida-control_Diet_Comprehensive_Companion_Guide.pdf
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“Aisle7: Expert Health Content in Any Digital Platform.” Healthnotes, Healthnotes, 2018, www.healthnotes.
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2018, www.nutrition-and-you.com/arrowroot.html.
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www.nutrition-and-you.com/capers.html.
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j.jep.2007.10.015.
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Understanding Your Alcat Test Results Guide 105
References
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106 Understanding Your Alcat Test Results
Cell Science Systems Corp. is a specialty clinical laboratory that develops and performs laboratory
testing in immunology and cell biology supporting the personalized treatment and prevention of
chronic disease. The Alcat Food and Chemical Sensitivity Test has helped over half a million people
change their health by identifying foods and other substances that trigger chronic inammation.
PreviMedica, a sister company of Cell Science Systems, is a digital health membership that connects
individuals to nutrition and lifestyle health practitioners through one-on-one video sessions and
daily personal support. We are dedicated to helping you help your patients implement your care
plans to promote optimal health.
cellsciencesystems.com
1-800-US-ALCAT (872-5228)
info@cellsciencesystems.com